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This is Not a Firedrill: Crisis Intervention and Prevention on College Campuses

ISBN: 978-0-470-45804-4
368 pages
December 2010
This is Not a Firedrill: Crisis Intervention and Prevention on College Campuses (0470458046) cover image

Description

Practical Information and Tools to Create and Implement a Comprehensive College Campus Crisis Management Program

Written by three seasoned crisis intervention/prevention specialists with over fifty years combined experience in the field, This is NOT a Fire Drill: Crisis Intervention and Prevention on College Campuses is a practical guide to creating a comprehensive college campus crisis management program.

Authors Rick Myer, Richard James, and Patrice Moulton provide university administrators, faculty, and staff with invaluable hands-on examples, general tactics, and strategies along with specific prevention, intervention, and post-crisis logistics and techniques that can be applied to almost any crisis likely to be confronted on a college campus.

This is NOT a Fire Drill features a host of helpful resources, including:

  • A proven individual/organization assessment tool to ensure school professionals and staff take appropriate action to protect students, the college, and the community
  • Thought-provoking case examples, activities, and illustrative dialogues that provide opportunities for reflection and practice
  • A checklist to get a crisis prevention and intervention plan for human dilemmas up and running
  • A decision-tree model to guide the response and recovery to crisis

This is NOT a Fire Drill provides the necessary tools to address the emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses of students and staff as they attempt to negotiate a crisis and its aftermath.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

1 . . . Or a Tornado or Earthquake Drill 1

A Brief History of Crisis Intervention 4

History of Crisis on College Campuses 6

The Contemporary College Scene 9

Summary 13

References 13

2 Boilerplate: The Basics of Crisis Intervention 15

Transcrisis States 18

Universality and Idiosyncrasy 22

Theories of Crisis and Crisis Intervention 23

Applied Crisis Domains 31

Crisis Intervention Models 32

Universal Versus a Focused View of Diversity/Multiculturalism 36

Culturally Biased Assumptions 37

The Environment’s Impact on Cultural Development 38

Culturally Effective Helping 43

Summary 44

References 44

3 Herding Cats: Organizing a Crisis Response 49

Crisis Planning Primer: Common Terms 49

Current State of Crisis Management Planning in Higher Education 56

Building Blocks for Crisis Management Plans 63

Three Cs of Crisis Management Planning 71

Summary 77

References 78

4 Duller Than Dirt . . . More Valuable Than Gold: Policies and Procedures 81

Policy Development 82

Drafting Policy 86

Review of Policy Drafts 91

Basic Risk Management Recommendations 98

Summary 100

References 101

Appendix: Sample Threats Policy 103

5 The Best of Times and the Worst of Times: The Tale of Two Laws 105

Tarasoff and Its Impact on Policy 105

Virginia Tech Inspector General Report: Going Beyond Tarasoff 107

Virginia Tech Counseling Center Actions Taken 108

Virginia Tech Follow-Up System 120

Summary 122

References 123

6 Reality Check: Entry into the System 125

Consulting 126

Practice 129

Case Study: Central University 134

Summary 135

References 135

Appendix: Case Study: Crisis at Central University 137

7 What You See Is What You Get . . . or Maybe Not: Assessment of the System 141

Chronosystem System 142

Organizational Factors Affected by a Crisis 179

Timeline for Assessment 188

Assessment Procedures 191

Methods for Assessment 193

Summary 199

References 199

8 No Rest for the Weary: System Recovery After a Crisis 203

Eight-Step Model for Organizations 203

Using the Eight-Step Model 217

Nine Intervention Strategies 222

Summary 230

References 230

9 Not Buying a Pig in a Poke 233

Understanding Threats 234

Triage Assessment Scale for Students in Learning Environments (TASSLE) 239

Threat Assessment Teams 251

Summary 267

References 268

10 Basic Training 271

The Eight-Step Model of Crisis Intervention in College Environments (Individuals) 271

Moving on the Directive, Collaborative, Nondirective Continuum 279

Tools of the Trade 281

Don’ts 290

Basic Strategies of Crisis Intervention 293

Listening and Responding in Crisis Intervention 299

Facilitative Listening in Crisis Intervention 299

Acting in Crisis Intervention: Staying Safe 306

Stages of Intervention 310

Rules of the Road 317

Summary 320

References 321

11 One Day at a Time: Survivorship in the Aftermath 325

Survivorship 326

Remembrance Services 329

Memorials 333

Survivor Recovery 335

Summary 341

References 341

12 Leadership Checklist: Preparing Your Campus for Crisis 345

Make Crisis Planning a Leadership Imperative 346

Ensure Understanding of FERPA, HIPAA, and OSHA 346

Develop a Crisis Management Plan 346

Make the Budget Available 347

Insist on Multiple Copies of Disaster Plans and Infrastructure Drawings 347

Ensure Comprehensive Assessment of Each Critical Incident 347

Ensure Proper Communication and Dissemination of Information 348

Ensure the Accuracy of Your Student Contact Information 348

Communicate and Partner with Outside Agencies 349

Require Regular Crisis Training and Situational Exercises 349

Be Prepared to Take the Lead and Use Different Methods 349

Seek Counsel on Risk-Management Recommendations 350

Develop a Comprehensive Recovery Plan 350

Be Prepared to Utilize Recovery to Achieve Long-Term Goals 350

Determine Alternatives to Minimize Enrollment Loss 351

Identify Resources on Your Campus 351

Remember: People First! 351

Author Index 353

Subject Index 359

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Author Information

RICK A. MYER, PHD, is a professor and Director of the Center for Crisis Intervention and Prevention at Duquesne University. He is a licensed psychologist with over twenty-five years of experience in crisis intervention and management.

RICHARD K. JAMES, PHD, is a Crader Professor of Education at the University of Memphis as well as a licensed psychologist, a licensed professional counselor, and a Nationally Certified School Counselor. He is one of the founders of a crisis intervention prototype used to train police officers across the United States and internationally.

PATRICE MOULTON, PHD, is a professor of psychology at Northwestern State University of Louisiana. She is the author of several books on crisis intervention.

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Press Release

December 18, 2012
THIS IS NOT A FIREDRILL: CRISIS AND INTERVENTION ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES

Recent tragedies on college and university campuses have highlighted the need for more comprehensive crisis management in higher education. Written by three seasoned crisis intervention/prevention specialists, This is NOT a Fire Drill: Crisis Prevention and Intervention on College Campuses is a practical guide to creating a comprehensive college campus crisis management program. From weapons on campus to hurricanes, the authors recognize each crisis is unique and provide helpful resources, including a decision-tree model and a proven individual/organization assessment tool, to ensure leaders can take appropriate action to protect students, the college, and the environment.

AUTHOR BIO:

Rick A. Myer, Ph.D. is a Professor at Duquesne University and a licensed psychologist. He has over 25 years of experience in crisis intervention and management. He has published over 35 articles, book chapters, and two books on the topic. In addition, Rick consults with businesses and schools on crisis management. He also provides training for law enforcement personnel and higher education staff on assessing people/students in crisis.

Richard "Dick" K. James, Ph.D. is a Crader Professor of Education at the University of Memphis. He is a licensed psychologist, a licensed professional counselor, and a Nationally Certified School Counselor. He is the author of Crisis Intervention Strategies currently in its sixth edition and  Theories and Strategies in Counseling and Psychotherapy also in its sixth edition.    He teaches graduate classes in crisis intervention at the University of Memphis. He is one  of the founders of the Memphis Police Department Crisis Intervention Team which is the prototype used to train police officers across the United States and internationally.  

Patrice Mouton, Ph.D. is a Full Professor of Psychology at Northwestern State University of Louisiana and served a Vice President for Student Affairs for two years at that institution. She has written several books and published on topics that include crisis intervention and trains students and professionals in the area of Crisis Prevention and Intervention. Patrice has been very active in the development of university emergency plans, organization and implementation of threat assessment teams, and revision and implementation of critical incident policies and procedures for higher education.

THIS IS NOT A FIREDRILL:

Crisis and Intervention on College Campuses

Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Publication date: January 3, 2011

$60.00; Paperback; 368 pages; ISBN: 978-0-470-45804-4

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