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How to Reach and Teach Children with Challenging Behavior (K-8): Practical, Ready-to-Use Interventions That Work

ISBN: 978-0-470-50516-8
336 pages
November 2010, Jossey-Bass
How to Reach and Teach Children with Challenging Behavior (K-8): Practical, Ready-to-Use Interventions That Work (0470505168) cover image
Interventions for students who exhibit challenging behavior

Written by behavior specialists Kaye Otten and Jodie Tuttle--who together have 40 years of experience working with students with challenging behavior in classroom settings--this book offers educators a practical approach to managing problem behavior in schools. It is filled with down-to-earth advice, ready-to-use forms, troubleshooting tips, recommended resources, and teacher-tested strategies. Using this book, teachers are better able to intervene proactively, efficiently, and effectively with students exhibiting behavior problems. The book includes research-backed support for educators and offers:

  • Instructions for creating and implementing an effective class-wide behavior management program
  • Guidelines for developing engaging lessons and activities that teach and support positive behavior
  • Advice for assisting students with the self-regulation and management their behavior and emotions
See More
About This Book.

About the Authors.

Acknowledgments.

Foreword (John W. Maag).

Preface.

Part One: A Positive, Proactive Approach to Behavior Management.

1 A Case for Change.

What's Wrong with Kids Today?

What Happened to the Good Old Days?

I Didn't Sign Up for This!

Students with Behavior Problems Should Just Be Suspended!

Punishment Works for Me!

What Can We Do?

Remove the Words Should and Shouldn't from Your Vocabulary.

Limit the Time Spent “Admiring the Problem”.

Strive to Understand the Perspectives of All Team Members and Stakeholders.

Let Go of the Old Way of Doing Things.

Expand Your Behavior Management Toolbox.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions.

2 Positive Behavior Support and Functional Behavioral Assessment for Educators.

What Exactly Is Positive Behavior Support?

Research-Validated Practices.

Enhancing the Capacity of Environments.

A Three-Tiered Model.

What Exactly Is Functional Behavioral Assessment?

Three Key Concepts of FBA.

Setting Events.

Triggering Antecedents.

Maintaining Consequences.

Common Functions of Problem Behavior.

To Get Attention or a Reaction.

To Get Something Tangible.

To Obtain a Sense of Power or Control.

To Meet a Sensory Need.

To Communicate Feelings.

As a Result of a Lack of Understanding.

To Escape or Avoid Something.

The Bottom Line on Functional Behavioral Assessment.

Our Model of Intervention.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions.

Part Two: Social Skills Instruction.

3 Teaching Social Skills: The Basics.

Traditional Approaches to Social Skills Instruction.

A Three-Tiered Approach to Social Skills Instruction.

Types of Social Skills Deficits.

Skill Deficits.

Performance Deficits.

Fluency Deficits.

Self-Management: The Ultimate Goal.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

4 Group Social Skills Instruction.

School and Classwide Social Skills Instruction.

Class Meetings.

Mini-Lessons.

Frequent Positive Feedback.

Schoolwide and Classwide Expectations or Rules.

Schoolwide and Classwide Routines.

Important Schoolwide and Classwide Lessons.

Small Group Social Skills Instruction.

Choosing Curricula: A Case Study.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

5 Individualized Social Skills Instruction.

What Behaviors Should be Focused on During Individualized Instruction?

“So What?” Behavior.

Identifying Replacement Behavior.

Other Target Behaviors.

Who Should Provide Individualized Instruction?

When Should Individualized Instruction Take Place?

Embedded into Existing Structures and Therapies.

Check-In.

Precorrection.

Behavior Tutoring Sessions.

Incidental Teaching.

How Should Individualized Instruction Be Delivered?

Video Modeling.

Social Stories.

Commonly Overlooked Replacement Behaviors.

Taking Appropriate Breaks.

Negotiating Assignments.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

Part Three: Preventing Challenging Behavior.

6 Preventing Challenging Behavior: The Basics.

Targeting Setting Events and Triggering Antecedents.

Identifying Sources of Frustration.

Developing a Positive Relationship.

Be Consistent.

Develop a Partnership.

Focus on Frequent Positive Feedback.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions.

7 Assisting with Executive Functioning Tasks.

Using Visual Supports.

Organizational Helpers.

Behavior Prompts.

Visual Schedules.

Transition Helpers.

A Final Word About Visual Supports.

Assistance with Other Executive Functioning Skills.

Breaking Long Projects into Steps.

Waiting to Be Called On.

Staying on Task.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions.

8 Providing Appropriate and Engaging Academic Instruction.

Differentiated Instruction.

Providing Choices.

Embedding Interests and Preferences.

Writing Strategies.

Scheduling.

Learn How to Make a Table in a Word Processing Program.

Schedule Things That Are Absolutely Inflexible First.

Schedule the Major Core Academic Areas.

Use Paraprofessionals Wisely and Appropriately.

Make Sure You Get a Planning Time.

Maintaining Academic Engagement.

Failure Is Not an Option.

Honor Roll.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

Part Four: Reinforcing Desired Behavior.

9 Reinforcing Desired Behavior: The Basics.

Reinforcement Versus Rewards.

Reinforcement Versus Bribery.

How to Determine What Is Reinforcing for Students.

Interviews and Surveys.

Observations.

Reinforcement Journals.

Reinforcement Menus.

Reinforcement Schedules: Determining How Much and How Often.

Differential Reinforcement of Zero Rates of Behavior.

Differential Reinforcement of Lower Rates of Behavior.

Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behavior.

Other Issues Surrounding Reinforcement.

Setting Appropriate Criteria.

Pairing Educators and School with Reinforcers.

Deprivation.

Teaching Peers to Reinforce Appropriately.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

10 Group Reinforcement Systems.

Interdependent Group-Oriented Contingencies.

Student Teams.

Interdependent Group-Oriented Contingency Games.

The Classwide Peer-Assisted Self-Management(CWPASM) Program.

Independent Group-Oriented Contingencies.

Lottery Systems.

Token Economies.

The Importance of Tier 1 Reinforcement.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

11 Individual Reinforcement Systems.

Target Behavior Sheets.

Limit the Number of Skills.

Individualize the Target Skills.

Be Specific.

Embed Visual Supports and Special Interests.

Partner with the Student to Help Develop.

Set Realistic Criteria.

Let Students Keep Their Sheet With Them (If They Wish).

Review Regularly with the Student.

Use Turnaround Points.

Use Bonus Points.

Allow Students to Self-Monitor When Ready.

Communicate to Parents What Constitutes a Successful Day.

Dependent Group-Oriented Contingency.

Level Systems.

Structured Behavioral Skills Program: Daily Level System.

Climbing the Ladder of Success.

A Warning About Using Point and Level Systems.

Token Boards.

Contracts.

Punch Cards.

Positive Attention Trackers.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

Part Five: Using Undesirable Consequences.

12 Using Undesirable Consequences: The Basics.

Problems with Punishment.

Punishment Does Not Work in the Long Term.

Punishment Does Not Teach the Student What to Do Instead.

Punishment Encourages Negative Attitudes Toward School and Educators.

Punishment Reduces Motivation to Learn Other Techniques.

Natural and Logical Undesirable Consequences.

Natural Undesirable Consequences.

Logical Undesirable Consequences.

The Three R's of Logical Consequences.

Related.

Reasonable.

Respectful.

Punishment Versus Logical Consequences.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

13 Common Logical Undesirable Consequences.

Common Undesirable Consequences Continuum.

Three Strikes.

Response Cost or Fines.

Wasted Time.

Behavior Tutoring.

Think Time.

The Importance of Problem Solving.

Consequence Maps.

Alternatives to Out-of-School Suspension.

In-School Suspension.

Red Schedule.

Advantages of Alternatives to Out-of-School Suspension.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

Part Six: Putting It All Together.

14 Conducting Effective and Efficient Functional Behavioral Assessments.

Step One: Operationally Define the Problem and Replacement Behaviors.

Step Two: Collect Information.

How Much Information Is Needed?

How Do I Collect the Data?

Step Three: Develop Hypotheses About Why the Problem Behavior Is Occurring.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

15 Designing and Implementing Effective and Efficient Behavior. Intervention Plans.

Step 4: Design a Behavior Intervention Plan Based on the Functional. Behavioral Assessment.

Step Five: Monitor and Adjust the Behavior Intervention Plan as Needed.

Was the Plan Implemented as Written?

Did Behavior Improve, and Was This.

Improvement Maintained over Time?

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Question.

16 Example Success Stories.

Example 1: Joey.

Functional Behavioral Assessment Worksheet.

Behavior Intervention Plan Worksheet.

Joey's Target Token Board (Front).

Joey's Target Token Board (Back).

Joey's Safe Note for Home.

Joey's Fidelity Checklist.

Joey's Data Sheet.

Joey's Data Graphs.

Example 2: Susan.

Functional Behavioral Assessment Worksheet.

Behavior Intervention Plan Worksheet.

Susan's Self-Monitoring Target Behavior Sheet.

Susan's Reinforcement Menu.

Susan's Consequence Map.

Susan's Target Skill Progress Computation Sheet.

Susan's Fidelity Checklist.

Susan's Data Graphs.

Example 3: Taylor.

Functional Behavioral Assessment Worksheet.

Behavior Intervention Plan Worksheet.

Taylor's Stoplight.

Taylor's Tower of Success.

Taylor's Data Sheet.

Taylor's Fidelity Checklist.

Taylor's Data Graphs.

Example 3: Malik.

Functional Behavioral Assessment Worksheet.

Behavior Intervention Plan Worksheet.

Malik's Data Sheet.

Malik's Consequence Map.

Malik's Fidelity Checklist.

Malik's Data Graphs.

Part Seven: What About Dangerous Behavior? Managing Crises.

17 Intervening During the Escalation Cycle.

Stage One.

Stage Two.

Stages Three.

Stage Four.

Stage Five.

Stage Six.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

18 Physical Restraint and Seclusion.

Definitions.

Historical Overview.

Roots of the Problem.

Current School Culture.

Lack of Regulation

Lack of Training.

Lack of Research.

Concern About Increase of More Aversive Options.

Lack of Options.

What Can Educators Do?

Be Informed.

Provide or Ask for Training.

Commit to Positive Behavior Support in Philosophy and Practice.

Monitor Use of Restraint and Seclusion.

Key Points to Remember.

Discussion Questions and Activities.

Part Eight: Reproducible Tools.

1 Positive-to-Negative Ratio Data Sheet.

2 Break Pass.

3 Countdown Strips.

4 Chart Moves Frame.

5 Peer Comparison Data Form.

6 Consequence Map Template.

7 If-Then Chart Template.

8 Notes Template for Functional Behavioral Assessment.

9 Functional Behavioral Assessment Summary Worksheet.

10 Behavior Intervention Plan Worksheet.

Glossary.

Notes.

References.

Author Index.

Subject Index.

See More

Kaye L. Otten, Ph.D., has worked with children with behavior challenges for nearly twenty years as a classroom teacher, special educator, and behavior specialist. She is co-founder of Camp Encourage, a highly acclaimed overnight camp for children with autism spectrum disorders. Jodie L. Tuttle, M.Ed., worked as a teacher of behaviorally challenged students for seventeen years. She currently works as a behavior specialist for preschool to high school-aged students.

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October 18, 2010
How to Reach and Teach Children with Challenging Behavior (K-8): Practical, Ready-to-Use Interventions that Work

How To Reach and Teach Children With Challenging Behavior

The Must-Have Resource for All Teachers

San Francisco, CA - With classrooms of more than twenty plus students, teachers do not always have the time to reign in disruptive behavior, and sometimes are at a loss on how to effectively discipline.  That is why Kaye Otten and Jodie Tuttle took their forty years of experience and wrote How to Reach and Teach Children With Challenging Behavior (K-8): Practical, Ready-to-Use Interventions that Work, a book that offers educators a practical approach to managing problem behavior in schools.

The book is filled with down-to-earth advice, ready-to-use forms, troubleshooting tips, recommended resources, and teacher-tested strategies.  Teachers who read this book will learn how to better intervene proactively, efficiently and effectively with students exhibiting behavior problems.  Additionally, it includes research-backed support for educators and offers:

  • Instructions for creating and implementing an effective class-wide behavior management program
  • Guidelines for developing engaging lessons and activities that teach and support positive behavior
  • Advice for assisting students with the self-regulation and management their behavior and emotions

How to Reach and Teach Children with Challenging Behavior also gives advice for developing engaging lessons and activities that support and promote positive behavior, and includes tactics for helping children self-regulate and manage their own emotions and anger.  This book is a must-read for all elementary school teachers. 

See More
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