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Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-0-470-50893-0
688 pages
June 2011, Wiley-Blackwell
Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense, 2nd Edition (0470508930) cover image
The second edition of the Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense provides complete coverage of bioterrorism and defense against it, spanning scientific, technological, clinical, legal, historical, and political aspects. The topics cover the most recent developments and thinking on biodefense, biosecurity, terrorism, science, and policy. In addition, the Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense provides an up-to-date overview of U.S. federal biodefense efforts, including explanations of all of the relevant agencies and missions, research agendas, legislation, and regulations. This edition revises and updates the original Encyclopedia, making it the single authoritative resource for students, scientists, policymakers, and journalists.

Key features:

  • Comprehensively covers the field of bioterrorism, including related science, technology, medicine, politics, law, and history
  • Topics include entries on bioterrorism agents, detection, clinical presentation of disease, defense efforts, risk assessments, treaties, past incidents of bioterrorism, and pertinent people and organizations engaged in terrorist activities
  • User friendly, with biological agents covered consistently across entries
  • Includes important case studies, with discussion of lessons learned
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Contents.

Contents by Category.

Contributors.

Preface.

Acknowledgments.

A

Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG).

Aerosol (Aerobiology, Aerosols, Bioaerosols, Microbial Aerosols).

Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade (al-Aqsa Martyr's Battalion).

Aliens of America: A Case Study.

Alphaviruses, Including Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus.

Al-Qa'ida.

‘‘Amerithrax'': The Investigation of Bioterrorism Using Bacillus anthracis Spores in Mailed Letters.

Ansar al-Islam.

Anthrax.

Anthrax Hoaxes: A Case Study.

Anti-Materials Agents.

Armed Islamic Group: A Case Study.

Asbat al-Ansar.

Assassinations.

Attribution of Biological Weapons Use.

Aum Shinrikyo and the Aleph.

Australia Group.

B

Baader-Meinhof Group (or Baader-Meinhof Gang).

Biological Simulants .

Biological Weapons Convention.

Bioregulators.

BioSense and Public Health Surveillance.

Biotechnology and Bioterrorism.

Bioterrorist Attack: Stages and Aftermath.

Bioterrorism Preparedness: The United Kingdom Approach.

Bioterrorism Targeted at Agriculture.

Botulinum toxin (Clostridium botulinum).

BioWatch Program.

Breeders: A Case Study.

Brucellosis and Bioterrorism.

C

Centers of Excellence.

CDC Category A-C Agents.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Bioterrorism Preparedness Program.

Central Intelligence Agency.

Christian Identity.

Consequence Management.

Cost Effectiveness of Biological Weapons.

Crisis Management.

Cuba, Terrorism, and Biotechnology.

D

Defense Research and Development Canada-Suffield and Centre for Security Science.

Defense Threat Reduction Agency.

Delivery Methodologies.

Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

Department of Defense.

Department of Defense Policies on Force Health Protection: Medical Defense Against Biological Warfare Agents.

Department of Health and Human Services: Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response.

Department of Homeland Security.

Department of State.

Diane Thompson: A Case Study.

Director of National Intelligence.

Dual-Use Equipment and Technology.

Dugway Proving Ground.

E

Edgewood Chemical Biological Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground.

Education for Biodefense.

Environmental Protection Agency: Bioterrorism Defense Efforts.

Epidemiology in Bioterrorism.

Ethnic Weapons.

Exercises.

F

Fatality Management.

Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Food and Drug Administration.

Food- and Water-borne Pathogens.

Food Safety.

Fort Detrick and the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Disease.

G

Geneva Protocol.

H

Hamas.

Hizballah.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

Human Poxviruses.

I

Identifying State-Run BW programs.

Influenza.

Intelligence Collection and Analysis.

International Cooperation and Bioterrorism Preparedness.

International Health Regulations.

International Organizations.

INTERPOL.

Islam and Bioterrorism.

Israel.

J

Jemah Islamiyah.

L

Laboratory Biosecurity.

Laboratory Response to Bioterrorism.

Larry Wayne Harris.

M

Managing Laboratory Biorisk.

Marine Toxins.

Media and Bioterrorism.

Melamine Contamination.

Metropolitan Medical Response System.

Minnesota Patriots Council.

Minutemen: A Case Study.

Moro Islamic Liberation Front.

N

Nanobiotechnology.

National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center.

National Center for Medical Intelligence.

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

National Laboratories of the National Nuclear Security Agency: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories.

National Science Advisory Board on Biosecurity (NSABB).

National Strategy for Biological Threats.

Nations of Concern: Iran.

Nations of Concern: Libya.

Nations of Concern: The Republic of Kurdistan.

Nations of Concern: The Republic of Sudan.

Nations of Concern: Syria.

NATO and Bioterrorism Defense.

North American Militia.

P

Palestinian Islamic Jihad.

Palestine Liberation Organization.

Pathogens Causing Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers.

Pharmaceutical Industry.

Pine Bluff Arsenal.

Plague (Yersinia pestis).

Polisario.

Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Center (PERRC) Network.

Prion Diseases.

Psychological and Social Sequelae of Bioterrorism.

Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasures Enterprise and Project BioShield.

Public Health Preparedness in the United States.

R

Rajneeshees.

Republic of Texas: A Case Study.

Ricin and Abrin.

RISE: A Case Study.

Risk Assessment in Bioterrorism.

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Rickettsia ricketsii).

S

Select Agent Rules.

Staphylococcal Enterotoxins.

Suicide Terrorism.

Syndromic Surveillance.

Synthetic Biology.

T

Terrorist Group Identification.

The Caucasus Emirate.

Threat Reduction in the Former Soviet Union.

Toxins: Overview and General Principles.

Tularemia (Francisella tularensis).

Typhus, Epidemic (Rickettsia prowazekii).

U

Unit 731.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004).

United States Department of Agriculture.

United States Department of State's Biosecurity Engagement Program: Bio Threat Reduction Through International Partnerships.

United States Legislation and Presidential Directives.

W

Water Supply, Vulnerability, and Attack Specifics.

Weather Underground: A Case Study.

Index..

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"Recommended. Lower-level undergraduates through professionals; general readers." (Choice, 1 November 2011)
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July 14, 2011
Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense, 2nd Edition

Apart from the dark shadow of a mushroom cloud rising above a decimated city there are few threats which have captured the public imagination more than the prospect of bioterrorism. Yet, ten years since the declaration of the ‘war on terror’ how much of a threat do bioterrorist attacks represent and how prepared are we to defend ourselves?

In the Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense, 2nd Edition Dr Rebecca Katz and Dr Raymond Zilinskas present a unique and comprehensive guide to bioterrorism, a groundbreaking survey of science, medicine, technology, politics and law.

This authoritative title benefits from the extensive expertise and prestigious careers of its authors. As a consultant to the US State Department Dr Katz is an international expert on public health preparedness and the intersection of infectious disease and national security. Dr Ziliskas examined the proliferation potential of the Soviet Union’s biological warfare program before serving the United Nations as a biological weapons inspector in Iraq.

“Bioterrorism can be defined as the use, or threatened use, of biological agents against people, plants or animals to promote or spread fear, intimidation, or cause morbidity or mortality in civilian populations,” said Katz. “Interestingly many of the traditional biological weapons agents are found in nature, and many are disseminated using methods such as aerosolization and food or water contamination.”

After exploring diseases such as anthrax, plague and small pox the Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense, 2nd Edition offers analysis of detection mechanisms, the clinical presentation of disease, risk assessments and past incidents of bioterrorism.

The Encyclopedia also considers countries defined by the United States government as nations of concern such as Syria and Iran as well as terrorist groups including Al-Qaeda and Hezbollah to identify the source of bioterror threats. Entries also cover international treaties as well as the pertinent people and organizations either engaged in, or combating, global terrorism.

“The increased recognition of the threat of bioterrorism, combined with the attacks of 2001, has led to a dramatic increase in efforts to create a robust biodefense infrastructure,” said Katz. “This has included federal, state and government entities to detect threats, prepare for possible attack and respond effectively to bioterrorism.”

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