Permutation Tests for Complex Data: Theory, Applications and SoftwareISBN: 9780470516416
448 pages
May 2010

The Authors give a general overview on permutation tests with a focus on recent theoretical advances within univariate and multivariate complex permutation testing problems, this book brings the reader completely up to date with today’s current thinking.
Key Features:
 Examines the most uptodate methodologies of univariate and multivariate permutation testing.
 Includes extensive software codes in MATLAB, R and SAS, featuring worked examples, and uses real case studies from both experimental and observational studies.
 Includes a standalone free software NPC Test Release 10 with a graphical interface which allows practitioners from every scientific field to easily implement almost all complex testing procedures included in the book.
 Presents and discusses solutions to the most important and frequently encountered real problems in multivariate analyses.
 A supplementary website containing all of the data sets examined in the book along with ready to use software codes.
Together with a wide set of application cases, the Authors present a thorough theory of permutation testing both with formal description and proofs, and analysing real case studies. Practitioners and researchers, working in different scientific fields such as engineering, biostatistics, psychology or medicine will benefit from this book.
Preface
Notation and Abbreviations
1 Introduction
1.1 On Permutation Analysis
1.2 The Permutation Testing Principle
1.3 Permutation Approaches
1.4 When and Why Conditioning Is Appropriate
1.5 Randomization and Permutation
1.6 Computational Aspects
1.7 Basic Notation
1.8 A Problem with Paired Observations
1.9 The Permutation Solution
1.10 A TwoSample Problem
1.11 OneWay ANOVA
2 Theory of OneDimensional Permutation Tests
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Definition of Permutation Tests
2.3 Some Useful Test Statistics
2.4 Equivalence of Permutation Statistics
2.5 Arguments for Selecting Permutation Tests
2.6 Examples of OneSample Problems
2.7 Examples of Multisample Problems
2.8 Analysis of Ordered Categorical Variables
2.9 Problems and Exercises
3 Further Properties of Permutation Tests
3.1 Unbiasedness of Twosample Tests
3.2 Power Functions of Permutation Tests
3.3 Consistency of Permutation Tests
3.4 Permutation Confidence Interval for δ
3.5 Extending Inference from Conditional to Unconditional
3.6 Optimal Properties
3.7 Some Asymptotic Properties
3.8 Permutation Central Limit Theorems
3.9 Problems and Exercises
4 The Nonparametric Combination Methodology
4.1 Introduction
4.2 The Nonparametric Combination Methodology
4.3 Consistency, Unbiasedness and Power of Combined Tests
4.4 Some Further Asymptotic Properties
4.5 FiniteSample Consistency
4.6 Some Examples of Nonparametric Combination
4.7 Comments on the Nonparametric Combination
5 Multiple Testing Problems and Multiplicity Adjustment
5.1 Defining Raw and Adjusted pValues
5.2 Controlling for Multiplicity
5.3 Multiple Testing
5.4 The Closed Testing Approach
5.5 Mult Data Example
5.6 Washing Test Data
5.7 Weighted Methods for Controlling FWE and FDR
5.8 Adjusting Stepwise pValues
6 Analysis of Multivariate Categorical Variables
6.1 Introduction
6.2 The Multivariate McNemar Test
6.3 Multivariate GoodnessofFit Testing for Ordered Variables
6.4 MANOVA with Nominal Categorical Data
6.5 Stochastic Ordering
6.6 Multifocus Analysis
6.7 Isotonic Inference
6.8 Test on Moments for Ordered Variables
6.9 Heterogeneity Comparisons
6.10 Application to PhD Programme Evaluation Using SAS
7 Permutation Testing for Repeated Measurements
7.1 Introduction
7.2 CarryOver Effects in Repeated Measures Designs
7.3 Modelling Repeated Measurements
7.4 Testing Solutions
7.5 Testing for Repeated Measurements with Missing Data
7.6 General Aspects of Permutation Testing with Missing Data
7.7 On Missing Data Processes
7.8 The Permutation Approach
7.9 The Structure of Testing Problems
7.10 Permutation Analysis of Missing Values
7.11 Germina Data: An Example of an MNAR Model
7.12 Multivariate Paired Observations
7.13 Repeated Measures and Missing Data
7.14 Botulinum Data
7.15 Waterfalls Data
8 Some Stochastic Ordering Problems
8.1 Multivariate Ordered Alternatives
8.2 Testing for Umbrella Alternatives
8.3 Analysis of Experimental Tumour Growth Curves
8.4 Analysis of PERC Data
9 NPC Tests for Survival Analysis
9.1 Introduction and Main Notation
9.2 Comparison of Survival Curves
9.3 An Overview of the Literature
9.4 Two NPC Tests
9.5 An Application to a Biomedical Study
10 NPC Tests in Shape Analysis
10.1 Introduction
10.2 A Brief Overview of Statistical Shape Analysis
10.3 Inference with Shape Data
10.4 NPC Approach to Shape Analysis
10.5 NPC Analysis with Correlated Landmarks
10.6 An Application to Mediterranean Monk Seal Skulls
11 Multivariate Correlation Analysis and TwoWay ANOVA
11.1 Autofluorescence Case Study
11.2 Confocal Case Study
11.3 TwoWay (M)ANOVA
12 Some Case Studies Using NPC Test R. 10 and SAS Macros
12.1 An Integrated Approach to Survival Analysis in Observational Studies
12.2 Integrating Propensity Score and NPC Testing
12.3 Further Applications with NPC Test R. 10 and SAS Macros
12.4 A Comparison of Three Survival Curves
12.5 Survival Analysis Using NPC Test and SAS
12.6 Logistic Regression and NPC Test for Multivariate Analysis
References
Index
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