Introduction to Flat Panel Displays
January 2009, ©2008
Introduction to Flat Panel Displays describes the fundamental sciences behind each display technology: LCD, PDP, LED, OLED and FED including carbon nanotubes. It contains a comparative analysis of the different display technologies in which detailed overviews of each technology are linked together so as to provide a comprehensive reference for students and display engineers, alike. Solved problems as well as homework problems are provided in each chapter to help consolidate students’ reading, as well as solutions hosted on an accompanying website.
- the classifications and specifications of display technologies as guidelines for developing a display and judging their performances;
- principles for designing color displays with good color saturation and wide color gamut;
- basic operating principles of thin-film transistors (TFTs) and their applications to state-of-the-art TFT-LCD and TFT-OLED;
- an overview of FED fundamentals comprising the physics of field emission, as well as FED structure and display mechanism.
Senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in engineering, physics and chemistry will benefit from the systematic approach used throughout the book, which will help to prepare students for entry into a display profession. Display engineers, research scientists and technicians working on the development of flat panel display technology will also find this book an invaluable resource. Comparisons of the strengths and weaknesses of each of the display technologies will help professionals to decide which to use for their applications.
The Society for Information Display (SID) is an international society, which has the aim of encouraging the development of all aspects of the field of information display. Complementary to the aims of the society, the Wiley-SID series is intended to explain the latest developments in information display technology at a professional level. The broad scope of the series addresses all facets of information displays from technical aspects through systems and prototypes to standards and ergonomics
About the authors.
1.1. Flat panel displays.
1.2. Emissive and nonemissive displays.
1.3. Display specifications.
1.4. Applications of flat panel displays.
2. Color science and engineering.
2.2. The eye.
2.4. Production and reproduction of colors.
3. Thin-film transistors.
3.2. Basic concepts of crystallized semiconductor materials.
3.3. Disordered semiconductors.
3.4. Thin-film transistor characteristics.
3.5. Passive matrix and active matrix driving schemes.
3.6. Non-silicon-based thin-film transistors.
4. Liquid crystal displays.
4.2. Transmissive thin-film transistor liquid crystal displays.
4.3. Liquid crystal materials.
4.4. Liquid crystal alignment.
4.5. Homogeneous cell.
4.6. Twisted nematic.
4.7. In-Plane switching.
4.8. Fringe field switching.
4.9. Vertical alignment.
4.10. Optically compensated bend cell.
4.11. Transflective liquid crystal displays.
4.12. Future directions.
5. Plasma display panels.
5.2. Physics of gas discharge.
5.3. Plasma display panels.
5.4. Front plate techniques.
5.5. Rear plate techniques.
5.6. Assembly and aging techniques.
5.7. System techniques.
6. Light-emitting diodes.
6.2. Material systems.
6.3. Diode characteristics.
6.4. Light-emitting characteristics.
6.5. Device fabrication.
7. Organic light-emitting devices.
7.2. Energy states in organic materials.
7.3. Photophysical processes.
7.4. Carrier injection, transport and recombination.
7.5. Structure, fabrication and characterization.
7.6. Improvement of internal quantum efficiency.
7.7. Improvement of extraction efficiency.
8. Field emission displays.
8.2. Physics of field emission.
8.3. FED structure and display mechanism.
8.5. Panel process.
8.6. Field emission array plate techniques.
8.7. Phosphor plate techniques.
8.8. Assembly and aging techniques.
8.9. System techniques.
Dr Lee is a member of the IEEE, OSA, MRS and SPIE. He received the Exploration Research Award of Pan Wen Yuan Foundation and Lam research Award in both 2005 and 2006. He has published over 40 journal papers, 100 conference papers and 20 issued patents.
David N. Liu has been the director of the Strategic Planning Division in the Display Technology center (DTC) of the Industrial Technology research Institute (ITRI) since 2006. He worked on IC and field emission displays at ERSO (Electronics Research and Service Organization/ITRI and Bellcore (Bell Communication research) from 1983 to 1996. He started his research and development work on plasma display panels at Acer Peripheral Inc. and and AUO from 1996 to 2002. After his service at AUO, he was in charge of the flat panel display technology division in ERSO/ITRI until 2006.
Dr Liu received his PhD degree in electrical engineering from New Jersey Institute of Technology in 1992. He has over 45 issued patents, 18 published papers and a contributed chapter of the Semiconductor Manufacturing Handbook (McGraw-Hill, 2005). He also successfully developed field emission displays, plasma display panels and flat panel displays followed by the receipt of many awards from ITRI, Photonics Industry and technology Development Association, Administration Bureau of Science base Industry Park and the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA). He was also a recipient of the Outstanding Project Leader Award from MOEA in 2006.
Shin-Tson Wu is a PREP professor at the College of Optics and Photonics, University of central Florida (UCF). Prior to joining UCF in 2001, Dr Wu worked at Hughes Research Laboratories (Malibu, California) for 18 years. He received his PhD in physics from the University of Southern California (Los Angeles) and BS in physics from National Taiwan University (Taipei).
Prof. Wu has co-authored four books: Fundamentals of Liquid Crystal Devices (Wiley, 2006), Introduction to Microdisplays (Wiley, 2006), Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2001) and Optics and nonlinear Optics of Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, 1993), six book chapters, over 300 journal publications and 75 issued and pending patents.Prof. Wu is a fellow of the IEEE, OSA, SID and SPIE. He is a recipient of the SPIE G.G. Stokes award, SID Jan Rajchman Prize, SID Special Recognition Award, SID Distinguished Paper Award, Hughes team achievement award, Hughes Research laboratories outstanding paper award, UCF Distinguished Researcher Award and UCF Research Incentive Award. He was the founding editor-in-chief of the IEEE/OSA Journal of Display technology.
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