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Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice: Skills, Strategies, and Techniques, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-0-470-61793-9
592 pages
March 2012, ©2012
Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice: Skills, Strategies, and Techniques, 2nd Edition (0470617934) cover image
A comprehensive, in-depth exploration of the origins, contemporary developments, and applications to practice related to each major counseling theory

Fully revised and updated, Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice, Second Edition is complete with useful learning aids, instructions for ongoing assessment, and valuable case studies—all designed to facilitate comprehension and lead to effective, ethical practice.

The Second Edition features:

  • New chapters on Family Systems Theory and Therapy as well as Gestalt Theory and Therapy
  • Extended case examples in each of the twelve Theory chapters
  • A treatment planning section that illustrates how specific theories can be used in problem formulation, specific interventions, and potential outcomes assessment
  • Deeper and more continuous examination of gender and cultural issues
  • An evidence-based status section in each Theory chapter focusing on what we know from the scientific research with the goal of developing critical thinking skills
  • A new section on "Outcome Measures" that provides ideas on how client outcomes can be tracked using practice-based evidence

Showcasing the latest research, theory, and evidence-based practice, Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice, Second Edition is an engaging and illuminating text.

"John and Rita Sommers-Flanagan have done it again! In the revised Second Edition of their popular book, they have masterfully organized and written a compelling text that will appeal to students and faculty alike. The Second Edition is thoroughly pragmatic with careful attention to research and evidence-based literature. Much to the delight of readers, extensive case analyses that illustrate major theoretical concepts abound."
Sherry Cormier, PhD, Professor Emerita, West Virginia University, coauthor of Interviewing and Change Strategies for Helpers

"John and Rita Sommers-Flanagan have written an exceptionally practical text for students wishing to learn usable counseling principles. Their excellent scholarship is balanced by a superb treatment of counseling theory that includes a review of the strengths, limitations, and means for implementing the systems represented."
Robert Wubbolding, EdD, Professor Emeritus, Xavier University; Director, Center for Reality Therapy; author of Reality Therapy (Theories of Psychotherapy Series)

"This introductory text is written with extraordinary care and attention to detail. Not only is it one of the best resources I know of for in-depth coverage of classical therapeutic theory, it is also one of the best at illuminating cutting-edge developments, both in theory and application. Readers will greatly benefit from the clarity, comprehensiveness, and personal perceptiveness of this engaging introductory guide."
Kirk J. Schneider, PhD, Faculty, Saybrook University; Vice President, Existential-Humanistic Institute; coauthor of Existential-Humanistic Therapy and editor of Existential-Integrative Psychotherapy

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Preface xi

About the Authors xvii

CHAPTER 1 Psychotherapy and Counseling Essentials: An Introduction 1

Background and Overview 1

Historical Context 3

Definitions of Counseling and Psychotherapy 6

What Is a Theory? 9

The Scientific Context of Counseling and Psychotherapy 10

Ethical Essentials 18

Emergence of Personal Theory 29

Our Biases 30

The Zeitgeist, the Ortgeist, and the Poltergeist 35

Concluding Comments 36

Chapter Summary 36

Introductory Key Terms 37

Recommended Readings and Resources 38

CHAPTER 2 Psychoanalytic Approaches 41

Biographical Information: Sigmund Freud 41

Historical Context 42

Psychoanalytic Theoretical Principles 44

Evolution and Development in

Psychoanalytic Theory and Practice 49

The Practice of Psychoanalytic Therapy 58

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 66

Evidence-Based Status 70

Concluding Comments 72

Chapter Summary 74

Psychoanalytic Key Terms 75

Recommended Readings and Resources 76

CHAPTER 3 Individual Psychology and Adlerian Therapy 79

Biographical Information: Alfred Adler 80

Historical Context 80

Theoretical Principles 82

The Practice of Adlerian Therapy 93

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 109

Cultural and Gender Considerations 112

Evidence-Based Status 112

Concluding Comments 115

Chapter Summary 115

Individual Psychology Key Terms 116

Recommended Readings and Resources 117

CHAPTER 4 Existential Theory and Therapy 119

Key Figures and Historical Context 120

Theoretical Principles 125

The Practice of Existential Therapy 134

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 141

Cultural and Gender Considerations 145

Evidence-Based Status 146

Concluding Comments 148

Chapter Summary 148

Existential Key Terms 149

Recommended Readings and Resources 150

CHAPTER 5 Person-Centered Theory and Therapy 153

Biographical Information: Carl Rogers 154

Historical Context 154

Theoretical Principles 157

The Practice of PCT: A Way of Being With Clients 163

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 177

Cultural and Gender Considerations 181

Evidence-Based Status 182

Concluding Comments 185

Chapter Summary 185

Person-Centered Key Terms 186

Recommended Readings and Resources 187

CHAPTER 6 Gestalt Theory and Therapy 189

Biographical Information: Fritz Perls and Laura Posner Perls 190

Historical Context 191

Theoretical Principles 194

The Practice of Gestalt Therapy 200

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 215

Cultural and Gender Considerations 218

Evidence-Based Status 219

Concluding Comments 220

Chapter Summary 220

Gestalt Therapy Key Terms 221

Recommended Readings and Resources 222

CHAPTER 7 Behavioral Theory and Therapy 225

Key Figures and Historical Context 226

Theoretical Principles 229

The Practice of Behavior Therapy 233

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 251

Cultural and Gender Considerations 256

Evidence-Based Status 257

Concluding Comments 258

Chapter Summary 259

Behavior Therapy Key Terms 259

Recommended Readings and Resources 260

CHAPTER 8 Cognitive-Behavioral Theory and Therapy 263

Historical Context and Biographical Information 264

Theoretical Principles 270

The Practice of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy 275

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 288

Cultural and Gender Considerations 293

Evidence-Based Status 294

Concluding Comments 296

Chapter Summary 296

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Key Terms 297

Recommended Readings and Resources 298

CHAPTER 9 Choice Theory and Reality Therapy 301

Biographical Information: William Glasser 301

Historical Context 302

Theoretical Principles 303

The Practice of Reality Therapy 313

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 321

Cultural and Gender Considerations 326

Evidence-Based Status 328

Concluding Comments 330

Chapter Summary 330

Choice Theory/Reality Therapy Key Terms 331

Recommended Readings and Resources 331

CHAPTER 10 Feminist Theory and Therapy 333
Maryl J. Baldridge

Historical Context 334

Theoretical Principles 340

The Practice of Feminist Therapy 347

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 358

Cultural and Gender Considerations 362

Evidence-Based Status 363

Concluding Comments 363

Chapter Summary 364

Feminist Key Terms 365

Recommended Readings and Resources 366

CHAPTER 11 Constructive Theory and Therapy 369

Key Figures and Historical Context 370

Theoretical Principles 375

The Practice of Constructive Psychotherapies 379

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 394

Cultural and Gender Considerations 396

Evidence-Based Status 398

Concluding Comments 400

Chapter Summary 401

Constructive Therapy Key Terms 401

Recommended Readings and Resources 402

CHAPTER 12 Family Systems Theory and Therapy 405
Kirsten W. Murray, John Sommers-Flanagan, and Rita Sommers-Flanagan

Historical Context and Highlights 406

Theoretical Developments and Principles 408

Family Systems Therapy in Practice 417

Contemporary Family Therapy Developments 428

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 431

Cultural and Gender Considerations 434

Evidence-Based Status 435

Concluding Comments 436

Chapter Summary 436

Family Systems Key Terms 437

Recommended Readings and Resources 438

CHAPTER 13 Developing Your Multicultural Orientation and Skills 441

A Multicultural Prelude 442

Historical and Contemporary Context 442

Theoretical Principles 446

The Practice of Multiculturally Sensitive Therapy 452

Case Analysis and Treatment Planning 463

Cultural and Gender Considerations 468

Evidence-Based Status 471

Concluding Comments 472

Chapter Summary 472

Multicultural Key Terms 473

Recommended Readings and Resources 474

CHAPTER 14 Integrative and Evidence-Based New Generation Therapies 475

One Theory or Many? 475

Psychotherapy Integration: Historical and Theoretical Trends 477

The Practice of Eclectic and New Generation Integrative Therapies 481

Concluding Comments 503

Chapter Summary 504

Integrative Key Terms 504

Recommended Readings and Resources 505

References 507

Photo Credits 549

Name Index 551

Subject Index 563

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John Sommers-Flanagan has a PhD in psychology and is Professor of Counselor Education at the University of Montana. He serves as a mental health consultant for Trapper Creek Job Corps. His research interests include clinical interviewing, parent consultations, and adolescent psychotherapy.

Rita Sommers-Flanagan is Professor of Counselor Education at the University of Montana. She provides mental health consultation at the Missoula Veterans Center and Trapper Creek Job Corps. She has taught and written in the area of applied, practical ethics for the past fifteen years.

John and Rita have coauthored seven books, including Clinical Interviewing, Fourth Edition; Becoming an Ethical Helping Professional: Cultural and Philosophical Foundations; and How to Listen so Parents Will Talk and Talk so Parents Will Listen (all published by Wiley).

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"This introductory text is written with extraordinary care and attention to detail. Not only is it one of the best resources I know of for in depth coverage of classical therapeutic theory, but it is also one of the best at illuminating cutting edge developments, both in theory and application. Readers will greatly benefit from the clarity, comprehensiveness, and personal perceptiveness of this engaging introductory guide."
Kirk J. Schneider, Ph.D., Faculty, Saybrook University and the Existential-Humanistic Institute; Author of Existential-Humanistic Therapy and Existential-Integrative Psychotherapy

"This outstanding textbook does not oversimplify the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy nor does it underestimate the neophyte counselor's ability to grapple with ambiguity and complexity--it strikes just the right chord."
Thomas K. Burdenski, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Psychology and Counseling Tarleton State University

"John and Rita Sommers-Flanagan have written an exceptionally practical text for students wishing to learn usable counseling principles. Their excellent scholarship is balanced by a superb treatment of counseling theory that includes a review of the strengths, limitations, and means for implementing the systems represented."
Robert Wubbolding, Ed.D., Professor Emeritus, Xavier University, Center for Reality Therapy; Author of Reality Therapy: Theories of Psychotherapy Series

"The Sommers-Flanagan team (John and Rita) have done it again! In the revised second edition of their popular Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice book, they have masterfully organized and written a compelling text that will appeal to students and faculty alike. The second edition is thoroughly pragmatic with careful attention to research and evidence-based literature. Much to the delight of the readers, extensive case analyses that illustrate major theoretical concepts abound."
Sherry Cormier, Ph.D., Professor Emerita, West Virginia University

"Here is a textbook that indulges its reader’s curiosity for theories – their complexities and nuances, so often lost in many other textbooks of similar name, receive their due here. John and Rita have an uncanny knack for dismantling the jargon that often distances emerging counselors from the utility and elegance of counseling and psychotherapy theories. If there is such a thing in academe, this is a page-turner that you won't want to put down."
Kurt L. Kraus, Ed.D., Professor of Counseling, Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania

"Significantlyrevised and updated, Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice is comprehensive in scope and highly practical; thorough and accessible. With this new edition, John and Rita Sommers-Flanagan have made a quality text even better. It is an excellent resource and I highly recommend it."
Richard E. Watts, Ph.D., Distinguished Professor of Counseling, Director, Center for Research and Doctoral Studies in Counselor Education, Department of Educational Leadership & Counseling, Sam Houston State University

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“This introductory text is written with extraordinary care and attention to detail.  Not only is it one of the best resources I know of for in depth coverage of classical therapeutic theory, but it is also one of the best at illuminating cutting edge developments, both in theory and application. Readers will greatly benefit from the clarity, comprehensiveness, and personal perceptiveness of this engaging introductory guide.”

--Kirk J. Schneider, Ph.D.

Faculty, Saybrook University and the Existential-Humanistic Institute

Author of Existential-Humanistic Therapy and Existential-Integrative Psychotherapy

“This outstanding textbook does not oversimplify the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy nor does it underestimate the neophyte counselor's ability to grapple with ambiguity and complexity--it strikes just the right chord."

--Thomas K. Burdenski, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Psychology and Counseling

 Tarleton State University

“John and Rita Sommers-Flanagan have written an exceptionally practical text for students wishing to learn usable counseling principles. Their excellent scholarship is balanced by a superb treatment of counseling theory that includes a review of the strengths, limitations, and means for implementing the systems represented.”

-- Robert Wubbolding, Ed.D.

Professor Emeritus, Xavier University

Center for Reality Therapy

Author of Reality Therapy: Theories of Psychotherapy Series

“The Sommers-Flanagan team (John and Rita) have done it again! In the revised second edition of their popular Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice book, they have masterfully organized and written a compelling text that will appeal to students and faculty alike. The second edition is thoroughly pragmatic with careful attention to research and evidence-based literature.  Much to the delight of the readers, extensive case analyses that illustrate major theoretical concepts abound.”

--Sherry Cormier, Ph.D.

Professor Emerita

West Virginia University

“Here is a textbook that indulges its reader’s curiosity for theories – their complexities and nuances, so often lost in many other textbooks of similar name, receive their due here.  John and Rita have an uncanny knack for dismantling the jargon that often distances emerging counselors from the utility and elegance of counseling and psychotherapy theories.  If there is such a thing in academe, this is a page-turner that you won’t want to put down.”

--Kurt L. Kraus, Ed.D.

Professor of Counseling

 Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania

"Significantly revised and updated, Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice is comprehensive in scope and highly practical; thorough and accessible. With this new edition, John and Rita Sommers-Flanagan have made a quality text even better.  It is an excellent resource and I highly recommend it.  

 --Richard E. Watts, Ph.D., Distinguished Professor of Counseling

Director, Center for Research and Doctoral Studies in Counselor Education

Department of Educational Leadership & Counseling

Sam Houston State University

 

 

 

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John & Rita Sommers-Flanagan WebsiteVisit author ohn & Rita Sommers-Flanagan site for more information
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May 04, 2012
Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice: Skills, Strategies, and Techniques, Second Edition

Authors John and Rita Sommers-Flanagan describe the philosophy behind their new Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories text and why it is a great resource and learning tool for both teachers and students.

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Instructors Resources
Wiley Instructor Companion Site
Instructor's Resources
—Instructor's resources, posted to companion site, consisting of:
  1. Chapter on Jung and the Practice of Analytical Psychotherapy
  2. Test Bank (also available on Respondus)
  3. Generic PowerPoint slides per chapter that can be downloaded and adapted for instructor needs
  4. Instructor's Manual

The Instructor's Manual is divided into two sections.

Section One includes the following teaching aids:

  • General tips for teaching theories
  • A sample theories syllabus
  • Sample course assignments
  • Guidelines and procedures for designing, delivering, and grading an oral final examination

Section Two includes 14 chapters corresponding to the chapters in the book. Each chapter includes the following material:

  • A student theories pre-test (from the Study Guide)
  • Alternative lecture topics
  • Classroom learning activities
  • Short answer questions (from the Study Guide)
  • Glossary of key terms (from the Study Guide) 
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Students Resources
Wiley Student Companion Site
Student's Resources
1)Chapter on Jung and the Practice of Analytical Psychotherapy 2)Glossary of Key Terms (from the Study Guide) 3)Theories Pretests 4)Crossword Puzzles
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