Wiley
Wiley.com
Print this page Share

Livable Communities for Aging Populations: Urban Design for Longevity

ISBN: 978-0-470-64192-7
304 pages
May 2012
Livable Communities for Aging Populations: Urban Design for Longevity (0470641924) cover image

An innovative look at design solutions for building lifelong neighborhoods

Livable Communities for Aging Populations provides architects and designers with critical guidance on urban planning and building design that allows people to age in their own homes and communities. The focus is on lifelong neighborhoods, where healthcare and accessibility needs of residents can be met throughout their entire life cycle.

Written by M. Scott Ball, a Duany Plater-Zyberk architect with extensive expertise in designing for an aging society, this important work explores the full range of factors involved in designing for an aging population—from social, economic, and public health policies to land use, business models, and built form. Ball examines in detail a number of case studies of communities that have implemented lifelong solutions, discussing how to apply these best practices to communities large and small, new and existing, urban and rural. Other topics include:

  • How healthcare and disability can be integrated into an urban environment as a lifelong function

  • The need for partnership between healthcare providers, community support services, and real-estate developers

  • How to handle project financing and take advantage of lessons learned in the senior housing industry

  • The role of transportation, access, connectivity, and building diversity in the success of lifelong neighborhoods

Architects, urban planners, urban designers, and developers will find Livable Communities for Aging Populations both instructive and inspiring. The book also includes a wealth of pertinent information for public health officials working on policy issues for aging populations.

See More
FOREWORD, Andrés Duany xi

INTRODUCTION, Robert Jenkens xiii

PREFACE xiv

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xviii

PART I CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES 1

1 THE LONGEVITY CHALLENGE TO URBANISM 3

The Challenge 3

The Scale of Response: Pedestrian Sheds and Neighborhoods 7

Seniors Housing Communities as Change Agents 11

Toward the Development of Lifelong Neighborhoods 14

Conclusions 18

2 ACCESS AND URBANISM 21

Introduction 21

Go Forth Boldly 22

On Whose Behalf We Regulate 24

Advancing Accessibility Aspirations Beyond Minimum Standards 31

Stewardship 38

3 HEALTH, HEALTHCARE, AND URBANISM 45

Environmental Health, Safety, and Welfare 45

Reestablishing a Healthy Land-Use Paradigm 48

Knowledge and Action: Finding an Institutional Basis for Public Health and Land-Use Planning Integration 50

Beyond Intent and Toxicity: Establishing Frameworks for Planning Action 54

Beyond Planning: Healthy Environment Implementation Frameworks 64

4 NEIGHBORHOOD WELLNESS AND RECREATION 71

Urban Design and Wellness Industry Market Research 71

Aging and Wellness 73

Redefining the Lifelong Environment: Wellness in Community 77

Conclusion 86

PART II NETWORKS AND DIVERSITY 87

5 CONNECTIONS 89

Connectivity 91

Pedestrian Access and Transit 103

6 DIVERSITY 109

Planning for Diversity 109

Zoning for Diversity 111

Building Codes and Housing Diversity 121

PART III SENIORS HOUSING 125

7 EVOLUTION OF SENIOR DEVELOPMENT TYPES 129

Early Senior Care Models 129

Institutional Neglect 133

Diversification of the Senior Housing Type 134

8 THE LIFELONG NEIGHBORHOOD MARKET 149

Market Study Elements of Critical Importance to Lifelong Neighborhoods 149

Factors That Contribute to Residency in Age-Restricted Communities 156

Factors That Deter Older Adults from Moving to Age-Restricted Communities 164

Lifelong Neighborhoods and Influencing Factors 167

9 SENIORS HOUSING COMPONENTS 171

Initiating Lifelong Neighborhood Design with a Market Study 172

Seniors Housing Components 174

Service Policy Components 198

Built-Environment Policy Components 199

PART IV URBAN TO RURAL CASE STUDIES 207

10 PENN SOUTH NORC CASE STUDY OF AGING A DENSE URBAN CORE 209

Lifelong Summary 209

Context 210

Innovations in Health and Wellness Programming: Penn South Discovers the NORC Concept 212

Connectivity and Access 214

Dwellings and Retail 216

Health and Wellness 218

Community Building Spaces 219

Jeff Dullea Intergenerational Garden 220

11 BEACON HILL CASE STUDY OF AGING AND TOWN CENTERS 223

Lifelong Summary 223

Context 224

Innovations in Health and Wellness Programming 225

Connectivity and Access 226

Dwellings and Retail 227

Health and Wellness 230

Community Building Spaces 232

12 MABLETON CASE STUDY OF AGING AND NEIGHBORHOOD CENTER 235

Lifelong Summary 235

Overview 237

Context 238

Redeveloping as a Lifelong Community 239

Mableton Elementary School Redeveloped as a Civic Center 253

13 ELDER-CENTRIC VILLAGES: EXPLORING HOW SENIOR HOUSING CAN INCENTIVIZE URBAN RENEWAL IN RURAL AMERICA 257

Lifelong Summary 257

Evaluating Small-Town Living and Walkability 259

Providing an Elder-Centric Village 263

INDEX 267

See More

M. Scott Ball is an Atlanta-based architect and senior project manager for Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company (DPZ). He was previously involved in numerous hurricane recovery housing efforts and the creation of Louisiana's The Road Home and Mississippi Home Again programs. Ball was also co-executive director of the Community Housing Resource Center in Atlanta and served as president of the Association for Community Design, a national network of community design associations.

See More
May 07, 2012
NEW GUIDES FROM WILEY EXPLORE THE FUNDAMENTALS OF ARCHITECTURE & DESIGN FOR AN AGING POPULATION

An estimated 76 million Americans classified as baby boomers are approaching retirement age and will face age-related decisions in the next few years.  One of the key decisions is where and how they will be comfortable and independent in a residence that will meet their needs over time, and as their lives evolve.  Interior designers, architects, and builders are increasingly asked by clients to design homes to allow for adaptation over time or retrofit existing structures for aging residents with new needs.  John Wiley & Sons, a leading publisher in architecture and design, is releasing two new titles that help professionals understand how to design and create effective spaces and environments for the elderly and aging. 

The first title, DESIGN FOR AGING: International Case Studies of Building and Program (April 2012; $85.00), takes an in-depth look at 25 of the most innovative, contemporary examples of aged care facilities that exist today.  The book focuses on integrating architectural considerations within an unwavering people-driven approach. Written by an international team of experts in aged care design, they bring together case studies from around the world, including Australia, Denmark, England, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States. The authors describe how each scheme has succeeded in addressing the needs of its residents regardless of wide variations in design, geography, cultural factors, medical needs, capital cost, and other factors. Clear, well-documented information for each facility includes:

  • Building descriptions and project data, and how the overall design fits within a geographical location
  • The type of community, including number of residents, ethnicity, and specific conditions such as dementia
  • How to apply universal design principles in different political, social, and regulatory contexts
  • How to create a sense of belonging and well-being for residents while building strong connections with the community at large
  • What makes a facility able to attract and retain high-quality caregivers
  • Environmental sustainability issues, plus indoor and outdoor spaces

The second title, LIVABLE COMMUNITIES FOR AGING POPULATIONS: Urban Design for Longevity (May 2012; $80.00), provides architects and designers with critical guidance on urban planning and building design that allows people to age in their own homes and communities. The focus is on lifelong neighborhoods, where healthcare and accessibility needs of residents can be met throughout their entire life cycle.  Written by M. Scott Ball, a Duany Plater-Zyberk architect with extensive expertise in designing for an aging society, this important work explores the full range of factors involved in designing for an aging population—from social, economic, and public health policies to land use, and business models. Ball examines in detail a number of case studies of communities that have implemented lifelong solutions, discussing how to apply these best practices to communities large and small, new and existing, urban and rural. LIVABLE COMMUNITIES FOR AGING POPULATIONS also includes coverage of:

  • How healthcare and disability can be integrated into an urban environment as a lifelong function
  • The need for partnership between healthcare providers, community support services, and real-estate developers
  • How to handle project financing and take advantage of lessons learned in the senior housing industry
  • The role of transportation, access, connectivity, and building diversity in the success of lifelong neighborhoods  

Architects, urban planners, urban designers, and developers, as well as facility owners and caregivers, will find these new releases instructive, inspiring and practical on how to navigate the many factors involved in creating good designs for aged care environments. These books also include a wealth of pertinent information for public health officials working on policy issues for aging populations.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: DESIGN FOR AGING:

Jeffrey Anderzhon, FAIA, Fairfax, VA, is an architect specializing in environments for the elderly and Principal with Crepidoma Consulting in Fairfax, Virginia. He served as co-author for the AIA for its book "Design for Aging Post Occupancy Evaluations" (Wiley, 2007).

David Hughes, BA (Hons) Dip Arch RIBA, Altrincham, UK, is Managing Director for Pozzoni, LLP, an architectural firm near Manchester, UK with a specialty in aged care design. His work has been honored with a National Care Award from Pinders/Caring Times in 2008. He is a frequent speaker at professional care conferences both in the UK and internationally.

Dr. Stephen Judd, Sydney, Australia, is Chief Executive of HammondCare, an independent Australian charity. HammondCare serves more than 2,500 patients, residents and clients. Judd co-edited the book Design for Dementia (Hawkins, 1998).

Emi Kiyota, PhD, Germantown, MD, is an environmental research consultant to aged care providers both in the United States and internationally. Her consulting projects include aging communities in Sri Lanka, Ivory Coast, Switzerland and Germany as well as the United States.

Monique Wijnties, Utrecht, The Netherlands, is consultant at Aedes-Actiz Expertise Centre Housing-Care, a joint initiative of ActiZ (Dutch association for nursing homes and homecare) and Aedes (Dutch organization of housing associations). She is project manager of 2018Zorg in Woningen' the online application for designing homes with insight in space required for personal care.  

LIVABLE COMMUNITIES:

M. Scott Ball is an Atlanta-based architect and senior project manager for Duany Plater-Zyberk (DPZ). Previous to his work with DPZ, he worked on numerous hurricane recovery housing efforts and assisted with the creation of the Louisiana Road Home and Mississippi Home Again programs. He had also been co-executive director of the Community Housing Resource Center in Atlanta, where he focused on the integration of design services into community development efforts and concentrated on needs of older, long-term homeowners in a rapidly gentrifying city. Ball had served as president of the Association for Community Design, a national network of community design associations.

LIVABLE COMMUNITIES FOR AGING POPULATIONS: Urban Design for Longevity: Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; Publication date: May 21, 2012; $80.00; Hardcover; 304 pages; ISBN: 978-0-470-64192-7

DESIGN FOR AGING: International Case Studies of Building and Program; Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Publication date: April 2, 2012; $85.00; Hardcover; 336 pages; ISBN: 978-0-470-94672-5

See More
Back to Top