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Classical Sociological Theory, 3rd Edition

Craig Calhoun (Editor), Joseph Gerteis (Editor), James Moody (Editor), Steven Pfaff (Editor), Indermohan Virk (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-470-65567-2
574 pages
January 2012, ©2012, Wiley-Blackwell
Classical Sociological Theory, 3rd Edition (0470655674) cover image
This comprehensive collection of classical sociological theory is a definitive guide to the roots of sociology from its undisciplined beginnings to its current influence on contemporary sociological debate. 

  • Explores influential works of Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Mead, Simmel, Freud, Du Bois, Adorno, Marcuse, Parsons, and Merton
  • Editorial introductions lend historical and intellectual perspective to the substantial readings
  • Includes a new section with new readings on the immediate "pre-history" of sociological theory, including the Enlightenment and de Tocqueville
  • Individual reading selections are updated throughout
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Notes on the Editors ix

Acknowledgments x

Introduction 1

Part I Precursors to Sociological Theory 19

Introduction to Part I 21

1 Of the Natural Condition and the Commonwealth (from Leviathan) 30
Thomas Hobbes

2 Of the Social Contract (from The Social Contract) 38
Jean-Jacques Rousseau

3 What is Enlightenment? (from Immanuel Kant, The Philosophy of Kant) 50
Immanuel Kant

4 The Wealth of Nations (from The Wealth of Nations) 55
Adam Smith

5 The Theory of Moral Sentiments (from The Theory of Moral Sentiments) 67
Adam Smith

Part II The Sociological Theory of Alexis de Tocqueville 83

Introduction to Part II 85

6 The Old Régime and the French Revolution (from The Old Régime and the French Revolution) 94
Alexis de Tocqueville

7 Influence of Democracy on the Feelings of the Americans (from Democracy in America) 103
Alexis de Tocqueville

8 Tyranny of the Majority (from Democracy in America) 122
Alexis de Tocqueville

Part III The Sociological Theory of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels 133

Introduction to Part III 135

9 The German Ideology (from The German Ideology, Part One) 142
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

10 Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 (from Collected Works, Volume 3) 146
Karl Marx

11 Manifesto of the Communist Party (from Collected Works, Volume 6) 156 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

12 The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (from Collected Works, Volume 11) 172
Karl Marx

13 Wage-Labour and Capital (from Karl Marx: Selected Writings) 182
Karl Marx

14 Classes (from Collected Works, Volume 37) 190
Karl Marx

Part IV The Sociological Theory of Emile Durkheim 193

Introduction to Part IV 195

15 The Rules of Sociological Method (from The Rules of Sociological Method) 201
Emile Durkheim

16 The Division of Labor in Society (from The Division of Labor in Society) 220
Emile Durkheim

17 The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life (from Elementary Forms of the Religious Life) 243
Emile Durkheim

18 Suicide (from Suicide: A Study in Sociology) 255
Emile Durkheim

Part V The Sociological Theory of Max Weber 265

Introduction to Part V 267

19 “Objectivity” in Social Science (from The Methodology of the Social Sciences) 273
Max Weber

20 Basic Sociological Terms (from The Theory of Social and Economic Organization) 280
Max Weber

21 The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (from Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism With Other Writings on the Rise of the West) 291
Max Weber

22 The Distribution of Power within the Political Community: Class, Status, Party (from From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology) 310
Max Weber

23 The Types of Legitimate Domination (from The Theory of Social and Economic Organization) 320
Max Weber

24 Bureaucracy (from Max Weber: Essays in Sociology) 328
Max Weber

Part VI Self and Society in Sociological Theory 339

Introduction to Part VI 341

25 The Self (from Mind, Self and Society: From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist) 347
George Herbert Mead

26 The Stranger (from Georg Simmel: On Individuality and Social Forms) 361
Georg Simmel

27 Group Expansion and the Development of Individuality (from Georg Simmel: On Individuality and Social Forms) 366
Georg Simmel

28 The Dyad and the Triad (from The Sociology of Georg Simmel) 382
Georg Simmel

29 Civilization and its Discontents (from Civilization and its Discontents) 396
Sigmund Freud

30 The Souls of Black Folk (from The Souls of Black Folk) 404
W. E. B. Du Bois

31 The Regulation of the Wishes (from The Unadjusted Girl) 410
William I. Thomas

Part VII Critical Theory and the Sociology of Knowledge 419

Introduction to Part VII 421

32 Traditional and Critical Theory (from Critical Theory: Selected Essays) 425
Max Horkheimer

33 The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction (from Illuminations) 441
Walter Benjamin

34 The Culture Industry (from The Dialectic of Enlightenment) 465
Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno

35 One-Dimensional Man (from One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society) 478
Herbert Marcuse

Part VIII Structural-Functional Analysis 487

Introduction to Part VIII 489

36 The Position of Sociological Theory (from The Position of Sociological Theory) 495
Talcott Parsons

37 An Outline of the Social System (from Theories of Society) 502
Talcott Parsons

38 Manifest and Latent Functions (from Social Theory and Social Structure) 523
Robert K. Merton

39 On Sociological Theories of the Middle Range (from Social Theory and Social Structure) 531
Robert K. Merton

Index 543

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Craig Calhoun is University Professor and Professor of Sociology and History at New York University, and President of the Social Science Research Council.

Joseph Gerteis is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities.

James Moody is Associate Professor of Sociology at Duke University, North Carolina.

Steven Pfaff is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Washington.

Indermohan Virk is Visiting Lecturer in Sociology at Indiana University, Bloomington.

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  • Includes a new section with new readings on the immediate "pre-history" of sociological theory, including the Enlightenment and de Tocqueville
  • Individual reading selections are updated throughout
See More
  • A definitive guide to the roots of sociology through a collection of key writings from the founders of the discipline
  • Explores influential works of Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Mead, Simmel, Freud, Du Bois, Adorno, Marcuse, Parsons, and Merton
  • Editorial introductions lend historical and intellectual perspective to the substantial readings
  • Includes a new section with new readings on the immediate "pre-history" of sociological theory, including the Enlightenment and de Tocqueville
  • Individual reading selections are updated throughout
See More
"This updated collection offers a careful and comprehensive overview and assessment of classical sociological theory from the precursors to the mid-twentieth century. It is a decisive guide to the history and development of social thought."
Bryan S. Turner, Presidential Professor of Sociology CUNY

"With this new edition of Classical Sociological Theory Calhoun and his collaborators have produced the best theory reader there is."
Philip Gorski, Yale University

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