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Evidence-Based Emergency Care: Diagnostic Testing and Clinical Decision Rules, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-0-470-65783-6
500 pages
January 2013
Evidence-Based Emergency Care: Diagnostic Testing and Clinical Decision Rules, 2nd Edition (0470657839) cover image
This book for emergency physicians and fellows training in emergency medicine provides evidence-based information on what diagnostic tests to ask for and when and how to use particular decision rules. The new edition builds on the success of the current book by modifying the presentation of the evidence, increasing the coverage, and updating the current information throughout.
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About the Authors xi

Foreword xv

Preface xvii

Acknowledgments xix

Section 1: The Science of Diagnostic Testing and Clinical Decision Rules

1 Diagnostic Testing in Emergency Care 3

2 Evidence-Based Medicine: The Process 11

3 The Epidemiology and Statistics of Diagnostic Testing 19

4 Clinical Decision Rules 36

5 Appropriate Testing in an Era of Limited Resources: Practice and Policy Considerations 44

6 Understanding Bias in Diagnostic Research 54

Section 2: Trauma

7 Cervical Spine Fractures 67

8 Cervical Spine Fractures in Children 80

9 Cervical Spine Fractures in Older Adults 86

10 Blunt Abdominal Trauma 92

11 Acute Knee Injuries 97

12 Acute Ankle and Foot Injuries 102

13 Blunt Head Injury in Children 107

14 Blunt Head Injury 117

15 Blunt Chest Trauma 128

16 Occult Hip Fracture 135

17 Blunt Soft Tissue Neck Trauma 141

18 Occult Scaphoid Fractures 147

19 Penetrating Abdominal Trauma 153

20 Penetrating Trauma to the Extremities and Vascular Injuries 162

Section 3: Cardiology

21 Heart Failure 173

22 Syncope 181

23 Acute Coronary Syndrome 189

24 Palpitations 205

Section 4: Infectious Disease

25 Bacterial Meningitis in Children 219

26 Serious Bacterial Infections in Children Aged 1–3 Months 223

27 Necrotizing Fasciitis 227

28 Infective Endocarditis 232

29 Pharyngitis 238

30 Rhinosinusitis 243

31 Pneumonia 248

32 Urinary Tract Infection 255

33 Sepsis 259

34 Septic Arthritis 270

35 Osteomyelitis 278

36 Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) 288

37 Influenza 295

38 Pediatric Fever in Children Aged 3-36 Months 303

Section 5: Surgical and Abdominal Complaints

39 Acute Nonspecific Nontraumatic Abdominal Pain 309

40 Small Bowel Obstruction 317

41 Acute Pancreatitis 324

42 Acute Appendicitis 330

43 Acute Cholecystitis 340

44 Aortic Emergencies 347

45 Ovarian Torsion 351

Section 6: Urology

46 Nephrolithiasis 359

47 Testicular Torsion 365

Section 7: Neurology

48 Nontraumatic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage 375

49 Acute Stroke 381

50 Transient Ischemic Attack 387

51 Seizure 394

Section 8: Miscellaneous: Hematology Ophthalmology Pulmonology Rheumatology and Geriatrics

52 Venous Thromboembolism 403

53 Temporal Arteritis 415

54 Intraocular Pressure 421

55 Asthma 430

56 Nontraumatic Back Pain 441

57 Intravascular Volume Status 450

58 Geriatric Syndromes 457

Index 471

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“One of the things I enjoyed most about this book was being able to examine actual sensitivities, specificities, and likelihood ratios of various decision instruments and diagnostic tests that I use daily. It was also  enlightening to learn several diagnostic strategies and decision instruments that I previously had not used.”  (Annals of Emergency Medicine, 1 August 2013)

“This is an excellent resource for clinicians seeking to provide evidence-based care in emergency medicine. It is a comprehensive and reliable resource that helps reach a balance between overuse and underuse of diagnostic testing. The information is presented in a concise format that can be used during clinical encounters or for more exhaustive reviews of the literature surrounding a clinical question. As evidence-based emergency medicine is a rapidly changing and advancing field, this updated edition is certainly justified.”  (Doody’s, 7 June 2013)

 

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