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Veterinary Allergy

ISBN: 978-0-470-67241-9
470 pages
January 2014, Wiley-Blackwell
Veterinary Allergy (0470672412) cover image


The current state of knowledge on this increasingly important subject is beautifully described in this, the first truly comprehensive text of allergic diseases affecting the major veterinary species. It will be an invaluable guide to students, clinicians and researchers alike. From the Foreword by Professor Richard Halliwell, MS, PhD, VetMB, MRCVS, Dip ACVD

Veterinary Allergy is the first comprehensive, high quality reference dealing with all aspects of veterinary allergy in all species and all body systems involved with allergy. Providing solid breadth and excellent depth of coverage, it deals with the immunopathology of the various allergic conditions as well as with clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment of veterinary allergic diseases.

Key features:

  • Broad species coverage, organised by sections on dogs, cats, horses, and other domestic species including large animals, birds and small mammals
  • Provides details on diseases affecting the skin, respiratory tract and gut
  • Contains practical information for clinicians on management of allergic diseases
  • Includes fully-referenced high level detail suitable for specialists and researchers
  • Focused on evidence-based medicine and science
  • The editors have extensive experience and are respected as world-wide experts in the field
  • Every chapter is written by an expert in that particular topic

Anyone seeking information and references on any aspect of allergic conditions in any species should find this book helpful.  The book will be of interest to clinicians in first opinion practice, specialists in veterinary dermatology, gastroenterology, internal medicine, and immunology as well as specialists-in-training in those fields and veterinary students.

The focus on underlying principles and practical clinical aspects is admirable. Immediately useful for practical utilization by practicing clinicians. Dr. Andrew Mackin BSc BVMS MVS DVSc FACVSc DSAM, Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Professor and Service Chief, Small Animal Internal Medicine, Dr. Hugh G. Ward Endowed Chair of Small Animal Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, USA

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments viii

Contributors ix

Foreword xiii
Richard E.W. Halliwell

Introduction: the immunological basis of allergic diseases xv
Michael J. Day

Part 1 – Canine Allergy (Editor: Chiara Noli) 1

Section 1 – Canine Atopic Dermatitis 3

1 Introduction: canine atopic dermatitis as an evolving, multifactorial disease 5
Douglas J. DeBoer

2 Canine immunoglobulin E 8
Bruce Hammerberg

3 The aberrant immune system in atopic dermatitis 16
Rosanna Marsella

4 Allergens and environmental influence 24
Pascal Prélaud

5 The genetics of canine atopic dermatitis 32
Tim Nuttall

6 Skin barrier and its role in the pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis 42
Koji Nishifuji

7 The role of bacterial agents in the pathogenesis of canine atopic dermatitis 51
David H. Lloyd

8 The role of fungal agents in atopic dermatitis 58
Ross Bond

9 Clinical signs of canine atopic dermatitis 65
Claude Favrot

10 Diagnosis of canine atopic dermatitis 70
Craig E. Griffin

11 Allergen avoidance 78
Daniel O. Morris

12 Allergen-specific immunotherapy 85
Ralf S. Mueller

13 Guidelines for symptomatic medical treatment of canine atopic dermatitis 90
Douglas J. DeBoer

14 Non-conventional treatments 96
Ralf S. Mueller

Section 2 – Food Hypersensitivity 101

15 The pathogenesis of food allergy 103
Hilary A. Jackson

16 Cutaneous manifestations of food hypersensitivity 108
Didier N. Carlotti

17 Adverse reactions to food: a gastroenterologist’s perspective 115
Paola Gianella

18 Diagnostic workup of food hypersensitivity 119
Edmund J. Rosser Jr

19 Long-term management of food hypersensitivity in the dog 124
Nick J. Cave

Section 3 – Flea Bite Allergy 133

20 Flea biology and ecology 135
Marie-Christine Cadiergues

21 The pathogenesis of flea bite allergy in dogs 140
Richard E.W. Halliwell

22 Clinical signs of flea allergy dermatitis in dogs 145
Emmanuel Bensignor

23 Diagnostic investigation of canine flea bite allergy 149
Dawn Logas

24 Implementing an effective flea control programme 152
Michael W. Dryden

25 Symptomatic relief for canine flea bite hypersensitivity 158
Dawn Logas

Section 4 – Complicating Infections in Allergic Dogs 161

26 Complicating microbial skin infections in allergic dogs 163
Anette Loeffler

27 Otitis in the allergic dog 175
James O. Noxon

Section 5 – Other Allergic Diseases in Dogs 183

28 Contact allergy 185
Rosanna Marsella

29 Venomous insect hypersensitivity 191
Mona J. Boord

30 Canine urticaria and angioedema 195
Peter Hill

Part 2 – Feline Allergy (Editor: Aiden Foster) 201

Section 1 – Cutaneous Allergy in Cats 203

31 Pathogenesis—immunopathogenesis 205
Petra J. Roosje

32 Clinical presentations and specificity of feline manifestations of cutaneous allergies 211
Claude Favrot

33 Complications of cutaneous skin allergies (skin infections) 217
Laura Ordeix

34 Diagnostic investigation of the allergic feline 223
William E. Oldenhoff and Karen A. Moriello

35 Symptomatic treatments 228
Alison B. Diesel

36 Allergen-specific immunotherapy 234
Alison B. Diesel

Section 2 – Feline Asthma 237

37 Feline asthma 239
Carol R. Reinero

Section 3 – Flea Bite Allergy 247

38 Pathogenesis 249
Ross Bond

39 Clinical presentations 252
Dawn Logas

40 Diagnostic workup 255
Dawn Logas

41 Therapy 259
Marie-Christine Cadiergues

Section 4 – Mosquito Bite Allergy 265

42 Mosquito bite 267
Masahiko Nagata

Part 3 – Equine Allergy (Editor: Wayne Rosenkrantz) 271

Section 1 – Culicoides Hypersensitivity and Other Insect Allergies 273

43 Pathogenesis and epidemiology of Culicoides hypersensitivity 275
Bettina Wagner

44 Equine immunoglobulin E 279
Eliane Marti and Eman Hamza

45 Clinical manifestations of Culicoides hypersensitivity 287
Janet D. Littlewood

46 Culicoides hypersensitivity: diagnosis 291
Kerstin Bergvall

47 Culicoides hypersensitivity: therapy 297
Anthony A. Yu

48 Other biting insect allergies 307
Gwendolen Lorch

Section 2 – Atopic Disease in Horses—Atopic Dermatitis and Food Hypersensitivity 327

49 Equine atopic dermatitis: pathogenesis 329
Valerie A. Fadok

50 Clinical aspects of equine atopic disease 334
Wayne Rosenkrantz and Stephen White

51 Equine urticaria 338
Valerie A. Fadok

52 Equine headshaking syndrome 344
Harold C. Schott II and Annette D. Petersen

53 Diagnostic workup of equine atopic disease 353
Wayne Rosenkrantz and Stephen White

54 Equine atopic disease symptomatic therapy and allergen-specific immunotherapy 360
Wayne Rosenkrantz and Stephen White

Section 3 – Recurrent Airway Obstruction and Inflammatory Airway Disease 371

55 Recurrent airway obstruction and inflammatory airway disease 373
Vinzenz Gerber

Section 4 – Contact and Other Allergic Diseases 385

56 Equine allergic contact dermatitis 387
Chris Reeder and Joya Griffin

Part 4 – Allergy in Other Domestic Species (Editor: Aiden Foster) 395

57 Immunopathogenesis of allergic skin disease in livestock 397
Adri van den Broek

58 Psoroptes ovis 402
Adri van den Broek and Stewart T.G. Burgess

59 Allergic diseases of livestock species 411
Aiden P. Foster

60 Allergies in birds 422
Claudia S. Nett-Mettler

61 Allergic diseases in other pets (rodents, rabbits, and ferrets) 428
Ian Sayers

Index 433

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Author Information

Chiara Noli, DVM, DipECVD
Dr. Chiara Noli graduated in veterinary medicine from the University of Milan, Italy, in 1990. After a residency at the University of Utrecht, Holland, she obtained the European Diploma in Veterinary Dermatology in 1996. Since then she works as referral dermatologist and dermatopathologist in Northen Italy. Dr. Noli is Past President and Founder Member of the Italian Society of Veterinary Dermatology, Past President of the European Society of Veterinary Dermatology and has been Board Member of the International Society of Veterinary Dermatopathology and of the World Association for Veterinary Dermatology. Dr. Noli lectures extensively in national and international meetings, is author of more than 100 articles in Italian and international journals, of nine book chapters and of three veterinary dermatology textbooks.

Aiden Foster PhD, DipACVD, MRCVS
Aiden Foster worked for 20 years dealing with companion animal dermatology cases in referral and first opinion practices.  He trained in veterinary dermatology at the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, USA and taught veterinary dermatology at the University of Bristol veterinary school. He has been the editor of the BSAVA Manual of Small Animal Dermatology 2nd edition and was an editor of the proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Veterinary Dermatology published as Advances in Veterinary Dermatology volume 5. He is a past president of the European Society of Veterinary Dermatology and has been editor-in-chief of the Wiley-Blackwell journal Veterinary Dermatology since 2006. He works for the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency which deals with diseases of livestock. 

Wayne Rosenkrantz DVM, DipACVD
Wayne Rosenkrantz graduated from the University of California Davis in 1982. He obtained Diplomate status with the American College of Veterinary Dermatology (ACVD) in 1986. Dr. Rosenkrantz is a co-owner of all of the Animal Dermatology Clinics in the United States, and continues to actively see cases. He is a past-president of the American College of Veterinary Dermatology (ACVD) executive board and has been on past and current organizing committees for the World Congress of Veterinary Dermatology (WCVD) and a current member of the World Association for Veterinary Dermatology (WAVD). He has served on the examination committees for the ACVD as well as the Australian Board examinations. Dr. Rosenkrantz lectures and teaches extensively, and has published numerous articles and book chapters on small animal and equine dermatology. He is very active in clinical drug trials, research studies and consults with several dermatological therapeutic companies. He also received the ACVD Award for Excellence for outstanding contributions in veterinary dermatology in 2007.

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“This is an excellent update on the new discoveries in the field of immunology that have increased the understanding of the pathogenesis of allergic diseases.”  (Doody’s, 16 January 2015)

“These features make this a useful reference for veterinarians with an interest in veterinary allergy.”  (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 15 September 2014)

“I enjoyed this book, learned and was reminded of a lot, and I recommend it as essential reading for all veterinary dermatologists and residents. The book is good value and a good choice for practices with a library. It is available in print and electronically.”  (Veterinary Record, 29 November 2014)

“A must for anyone wishing to understand and manage accordingly those itchy, diarrhoeic or suffocating animals.”  (Vets Today, 1 August 2014)

“In this context, one sees the importance of books of this nature. As is the case with other specialized titles in veterinary medicine, I hope that Veterinary Allergy has come to stay and we will have successive revised, expanded and updated editions, helping to keep us informed and to manage our allergic patients properly.”(Veterinary Dermatology, 5 July 2014)

“From clinical presentation and treatment to allergic diseases, science and references for specialists and researchers, and chapters written by experts, this provides a powerful and highly recommended veterinary exploration that any clinician or vet student must have in their reference collections.”  (Midwest Book Review, 1 June 2014)

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