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Organizational Fit: Key Issues and New Directions

ISBN: 978-0-470-68361-3
272 pages
January 2013, Wiley-Blackwell
Organizational Fit: Key Issues and New Directions (0470683619) cover image
An ambitious survey of the field, by an international group of scholars, that looks toward the future of person-organization fit.

  • Explores how people form their impressions of fit and the impact these have on their behavior, and how companies can maximize fit
  • Includes multiple perspectives on the topic of how people fit into organizations, discussing issues across the field and incorporating insights from related disciplines
  • Actively encourages scholars to take part in organizational fit research, drawing on workshops and symposia held specially for this book to explore some of the creative directions that the field is taking into the future
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About the Editors ix

About the Contributors xi

Preface xix

1 Fit for the Future 1
Amy L. Kristof-Brown and Jon Billsberry

Part 1: New Directions within the Fit Paradigms
2 A Motivational Model of Person–Environment Fit: Psychological Motives as Drivers of Change 21
Kang Yang Trevor Yu

3 Dyadic Fit and the Process of Organizational Socialization 50
John D. Kammeyer-Mueller, Pauline Schilpzand,
and Alex L. Rubenstein

4 A Self-Regulation Approach to Person–Environment Fit 74
Russell E. Johnson, Meng U. Taing, Chu-Hsiang Chang,
and Cristina K. Kawamoto

5 Person–Organization Fit, Organizational Citizenship and Social-Cognitive Motivational Mechanisms 99
Christian J. Resick, Tomas R. Giberson, Marcus W. Dickson, Kevin T. Wynne, and Linda M. Bajdo

6 Mapping Fit: Maximizing Idiographic and Nomothetic Benefits 124
Jon Billsberry, Danielle L. Talbot, and V´eronique Ambrosini

Part 2: New Directions for the Fit Paradigms

7 The Construal of Person–Organization Fit during the ASA Stages: Content, Source, and Focus of Comparison 145
Annelies E. M. Van Vianen, J. W. Stoelhorst, and Marije E. E. De Goede

8 Exploring the Middle Range of Person–Environment Fit Theories through a Conservation of Resources Perspective 170
Anthony R. Wheeler, Jonathon R. B. Halbesleben, and Kristen Shanine

9 A Review and Agenda for Incorporating Time in Fit Research 195
Karen J. Jansen and Abbie J. Shipp

10 Fitting Person–Environment Fit Theories into a National Cultural Context 222
Yih-teen Lee and Aarti Ramaswami

Index 000

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Amy L. Kristof-Brown is the Henry B. Tippie Research Professor of Management at the University of Iowa. She is a Fellow of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP) and has served as an Associate Editor at the Journal of Applied Psychology. She has published extensively in both psychology and management journals.

Jon Billsberry is Professor of Management at Deakin University. He is the Chair of the Management Education and Development (MED) division of the Academy of Management, a past Chair of the Organizational Psychology track of the British Academy of Management (BAM) and Editor of the Journal of Management Education. He has published six books and articles in various psychology and management journals.

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If this volume is an indication of the next generation of fit research, then we’re in for an exciting ride! The authors represent a wide variety of viewpoints on fit, and provide relevant suggestions on how research in this domain can continue to thrive.—Dan Cable, Professor of Organisational Behaviour, London Business School

This book represents a fine compendium of thinking about what fit is, the motivations of people to seek it, the antecedents of achieving it, and the consequences of having—and not having it—at work. The consequences, indeed, extend to performance of the individual and the organizations in which people work. The chapters offer a broad range of insights into the fit process and contain many useful suggestions for—indeed pleas for—future research efforts on this important psychological phenomenon.—Benjamin Schneider, Senior Research Fellow, CEB Valtera, Professor Emeritus, University of Maryland

The idea of “fit” is central to every aspect of every employees’ worklife.  An employee who says to her or himself, “I just don’t fit in here” is expressing a view that s/he would prefer to be somewhere else.  In other words, working in an organization that does not fit can be like wearing a shoe size that does not fit; it’s great to get out of.  In this situation, it is most pleasing to see publication of a volume that offers such a wide range of different views on the topic of fit.  An especial strength of the volume is that it is not restricted to one epistemological view, thus enabling a broader coverage of the field than has been the case in the literature to date.  Thus, while readers might not agree with the views of one particular chapter’s authors, there is sure to be at least one other model or perspective with which they will feel comfortable.  As such, and as is reflected in the title, this is a volume for the future of research in this field.  I have little doubt that it will serve to generate a surge of interest in the concept and importance of fit in organizational research.—Neal Ashkenasy, Professor of Management at the University of Queensland and the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Organizational Behavior.

This book pushes the boundaries of research and thinking research about fit in organizations.  Throughout the chapters, the authors tackle a broad array of underexplored topics, and in doing so, provide new understanding about the process of how people fit into organizations.  Anyone interested in fit will want to read this book.—Cheri Ostroff, full professor of industrial/organizational psychology, University of Maryland

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