Private Equity as an Asset Class
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1 What is Private Equity?
Fund investing versus direct investing.
Primary versus secondary fund investing.
A broad delineation: buyout and venture.
Capital: allocated, committed, drawn down and invested.
How do private equity funds work?
2 Private Equity Returns – The Basics.
Understanding the J-curve and compound returns.
Upper quartile figures.
Distributed over Paid In (DPI).
Paid In to Committed Capital (PICC).
Residual Value to Paid In (RVPI).
Total Value to Paid In (TVPI).
Types of buyout transactions.
Other “buyout” activity.
Barriers to entry.
4 How to Analyse Buyouts.
Multiple increase in an imperfect market.
Multiple increase in a perfect market.
Modelling and analysing buyout funds.
5 Buyout Returns.
US versus European buyout.
Buyout skill bases.
What can we expect from buyout returns in future?
Recent fundraising levels.
Some conclusions and predictions.
6 Venture Capital.
What is venture capital?
Backing new applications, not new technology.
Classification by sector.
Classification by stage.
The US model.
Seed stage focus.
Home run mentality.
The US model comes to Europe.
Why European venture capital firms have avoided the seed stage.
Classification by stage, continued.
Early stage investing.
Mid- and late stage investing.
7 How to Analyse Venture.
Cost and value.
IRRs and multiples.
Going In Equity (GI%).
Percentage of the holding within the fund.
The impact of home runs.
8 Venture Returns.
US out-performance versus Europe.
Money multiples drive IRRs.
Home runs and the golden circle.
European venture – is it as bad as it seems?
Returns and fund size.
Venture returns by stage.
What of the future?
9 Due Diligence.
Fund of Funds.
Monitoring private equity funds.
10 Planning your Investment Programme.
Allocated, committed and invested capital.
Diversification by time.
Proper commitment levels.
Diversification by sector and geography.
How to deal with uninvested capital.
Private equity proxies 219.
Towards a new world of private equity programmes.