Private Equity as an Asset Class
Often unfairly reviled, and frequently misunderstood, private equity differs from all other asset classes in various important respects, not least in the nature and timing of its returns, which require a whole new approach for those reared on more traditional investments such as bonds and shares. This book shows how a good grasp of the basic structure of private equity vehicles and returns (including the dreaded J-curve) can lead to full understanding of the techniques needed to measure and analyse performance.
Key points include:
- A glossary of private equity terms
- Venture funds and transactions
- Buyout funds and transactions
- Understanding private equity returns
- Analysis of historic returns
- How to plan a fund investment programme
- How to conduct effective due diligence
- Total Return investing
1 What is Private Equity?
Fund investing versus direct investing.
Primary versus secondary fund investing.
A broad delineation: buyout and venture.
Capital: allocated, committed, drawn down and invested.
How do private equity funds work?
2 Private Equity Returns – The Basics.
Understanding the J-curve and compound returns.
Upper quartile figures.
Distributed over Paid In (DPI).
Paid In to Committed Capital (PICC).
Residual Value to Paid In (RVPI).
Total Value to Paid In (TVPI).
Types of buyout transactions.
Other “buyout” activity.
Barriers to entry.
4 How to Analyse Buyouts.
Multiple increase in an imperfect market.
Multiple increase in a perfect market.
Modelling and analysing buyout funds.
5 Buyout Returns.
US versus European buyout.
Buyout skill bases.
What can we expect from buyout returns in future?
Recent fundraising levels.
Some conclusions and predictions.
6 Venture Capital.
What is venture capital?
Backing new applications, not new technology.
Classification by sector.
Classification by stage.
The US model.
Seed stage focus.
Home run mentality.
The US model comes to Europe.
Why European venture capital firms have avoided the seed stage.
Classification by stage, continued.
Early stage investing.
Mid- and late stage investing.
7 How to Analyse Venture.
Cost and value.
IRRs and multiples.
Going In Equity (GI%).
Percentage of the holding within the fund.
The impact of home runs.
8 Venture Returns.
US out-performance versus Europe.
Money multiples drive IRRs.
Home runs and the golden circle.
European venture – is it as bad as it seems?
Returns and fund size.
Venture returns by stage.
What of the future?
9 Due Diligence.
Fund of Funds.
Monitoring private equity funds.
10 Planning your Investment Programme.
Allocated, committed and invested capital.
Diversification by time.
Proper commitment levels.
Diversification by sector and geography.
How to deal with uninvested capital.
Private equity proxies 219.
Towards a new world of private equity programmes.
He has extensive experience of the evaluation of private equity managers, including having personally designed and developed a computer model for the evaluation of buyout performance, but is equally recognised as an authority on venture capital. In addition to his work with fund managers (“GPs”), he has also been involved in direct, secondary and mezzanine transactions over the years, as well as planning and monitoring private equity programmes from the investor (“LP”) perspective.
Guy is a well-known figure on the conference circuit both as a speaker and, increasingly, as a provider of keynote addresses. He has written for private equity publications for many years, and is perhaps best known for his regular monthly column in Real Deals. In addition to various professional qualifications, he has an LLB with honours from King’s College London and an MBA majoring in finance from Warwick Business School.
In recent years, Guy has also become acknowledged as an expert on pension fund investment and asset allocation generally, and he has written for all of Europe’s English language pension publications. His first book, Multi Asset Class Investment Strategy, published as part of the Wiley Finance series last year to what Global Pensions described as “rave reviews from the UK pension industry” has been hailed as a major contribution to modern portfolio theory. It went into the Amazon “Hot 100” six weeks after its launch, and has been featured in newspapers and financial periodicals around the world.
“…the first ever book that anyone who has even a passing interest in the PE business can pick up and delve into without feeling intimidated…will appeal to even the most jaded investor.” (Banker Middle East, April 2007)
“…the first textbook about private equity for investors" (Management Today, May 2007)
"Guy Fraser Sampson conveys the complex specifics of private equity with some ease. His introduction to private equity is stimulating reading for experts and non-experts." (Investment & Pensions Europe, June 2007)