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Schizophrenia: Current science and clinical practice

Wolfgang Gaebel (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-470-71054-8
272 pages
April 2011, Wiley-Blackwell
Schizophrenia: Current science and clinical practice (0470710543) cover image
The first book in a new series from the World Psychiatric Association, Schizophrenia: current science and clinical practice presents recent information on the diagnosis, neurobiological foundations, and management of schizophrenia. It evaluates the findings obtained with modern techniques like magnetic resonance imaging, genetics and network analyses.  The book reviews the importance of neurocognitive functioning in schizophrenia and its predictive value for functional capacity.  It covers the key areas of early recognition, prevention, rehabilitation and stigma.  There is also a critical discussion of diagnostic classification and the revision of the two major international systems. 

Written by experts in the field who have a track record of being engaging authors, this book provides a rapid overview of the current state of the art in schizophrenia research and clinical management.  It will be invaluable to all psychiatrists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, researchers in psychiatry and psychopharmacology in academia and in industry, and clinical and behavioural neuroscientists.

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List of Contributors.

Preface.

1 Diagnosis and revision of the classification systems (Assen Jablensky).

Introduction.

Origin and evolution of the concept of schizophrenia.

Kraepelin's 'clinical forms'.

Bleuler's 'group of schizophrenias'.

Leonhard's 'endogenous psychoses'.

Classification of psychoses in French psychiatry.

Other post-Kraepelinian and post-Bleulerian subtypes and dichotomies.

The schizophrenia spectrum concept.

Statistically derived clusters and symptom dimensions.

Schizophrenia in ICD-10 and DSM-IV.

Origins of the two classifications.

Both DSM-IV and ICD-10 are descendants of the Kraepelinian nosology.

Criteria for assessing the diagnostic classification of schizophrenia.

Positive impact and unintended adverse effects.

Clinical relevance and cognitive ease of use.

Utility in research.

Reliability.

Concepts of validity.

Predictive validity: course and outcome.

Criterion validity: genetics.

Aspects of culture.

Reducing stigma.

Revision of the classifications: prospects for schizophrenia.

One classification or many?

Critical issues in the revision process.

Disease or a broad syndrome?

'Deconstructing' schizophrenia: categories or dimensions?

Endophenotypes.

The concept of utility.

Conclusion.

References.

2 Pathophysiology of schizophrenia (Peter Falkai, Andrea Schmitt and Tyrone D. Cannon).

Introduction.

Major findings and related pathophysiological hypotheses.

Symptom domains and neurotransmitter hypotheses.

From domains to disturbed neuronal networks.

From networks to the cellular level.

Hypothesis of disturbed synaptogenesis and neurogenesis.

Effects of antipsychotics.

Summary and conclusions.

References.

3 Neurocognition, social cognition and functional outcome in schizophrenia (William P. Horan, Philippe-Olivier Harvey, Robert S. Kern and Michael F. Green).

Introduction.

Neurocognition in schizophrenia.

Domains, measurement and magnitude of impairment.

Neurocognition as a core deficit of schizophrenia.

Associations with functional outcome.

The NIMH-MATRICS initiative and current research directions.

Social cognition.

Domains, measurement and magnitude of impairment.

Social cognition as a core feature of schizophrenia.

Association with functional outcome.

Current research directions.

Relationships among neurocognition, social cognition and functional outcome.

Distinctiveness of neurocognition and social cognition.

Social cognition as a mediator.

Future directions.

References.

4 The genetics of schizophrenia (James T.R. Walters, Michael O'Donovan and Michael J. Owen).

Introduction.

Genetic epidemiology of schizophrenia.

Family, twin and adoption studies of schizophrenia.

Genetic epidemiology – informing diagnosis?

Molecular genetics of schizophrenia.

Linkage.

Positional candidate studies.

Functional candidate studies.

Chromosomal abnormalities.

Genome wide association studies.

GWAS in schizophrenia.

Copy number variation.

The future of schizophrenia genetics.

Schizophrenia genetics in the clinic?

Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

5 Early recognition and prevention of schizophrenia (Patrick D. McGorry and Sherilyn Goldstone).

The context for early recognition and prevention.

The prodromal stage: definition and assessment.

Treatment during the prodromal stage.

The psychosis risk syndrome: a novel diagnostic entity?

Ethical issues.

Summary and conclusions.

References.

6 Pharmacological treatment (Jonathan E. Sherin and Stephen R. Marder).

Introduction.

Current state of pharmacological treatment.

Phases of schizophrenia.

Acute phase treatment.

Stabilization phase treatment.

Maintenance phase treatment.

Treatment resistant patients.

Managing first episodes.

Newer antipsychotics.

Personalising drug treatment in schizophrenia.

Cognition and negative symptoms as therapeutic targets.

Glutamatergic targets.

Dopamine targets.

Cholinergic targets.

Histamine targets.

Summary.

References.

7 Cognitive-behavioural interventions (Suzanne Jolley and Philippa Garety).

Introduction.

The development of cognitive behavioural approaches to schizophrenia-spectrum psychosis.

Cognitive behavioural models of psychosis.

Biopsychosocial vulnerability.

Life events and schematic beliefs.

The role of affect.

The central role of appraisal.

Reasoning biases.

Anomalous experiences.

The role of behaviour.

Insight and illness appraisals.

Cognitive behavioural therapy in schizophrenia.

Psychotherapy in schizophrenia: more than unspecific learning?

Combining psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy.

Efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp).

Future developments.

Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

8 Management, rehabilitation, stigma (Wulf Rossler).

Introduction.

Managing schizophrenia: integrative approaches.

Burden for patients, families and communities.

Gender issues.

Mortality.

Legal problems.

Health care settings for schizophrenia patients: which setting is optimal?

Psychiatric rehabilitation.

The international classification of functioning, disability and health.

Target population.

Conceptual framework.

Current approaches.

Individual-centred rehabilitation.

Cognitive behavioural therapy.

Social skills training.

Ecological approach to rehabilitation.

Housing.

Work.

Participation in community life with full rights.

The contribution of mental health professionals to stigma and discrimination.

The role of the psychiatrist in the management and rehabilitation of schizophrenia patients.

Outlook.

References.

Index.

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Prof. Dr. med. Wolfgang Gaebel is Professor of Psychiatry at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany. He was Chairman of the German Society for Biological Psychiatry and of the German Society for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Neurology.  He is a Member of the scientific Advisory Board of the German Medical Association.  He is active in various roles within the World Psychiatric Association, including as Chairman of the German Anti-Stigma Association and of the Section on Schizophrenia.
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“Professor Gaebel and contributing authors are to be congratulated for this outstanding text.”  (Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 6 June 2012)

"Nonetheless, Schizophrenia: Current Science and Clinical Practice will be an asset to those who are seeking a current and sophisticated synthesis of the field, combined with stimulating discussions of some pivotal controversies in both research and treatment. Gaebel has assembled a distinguished group of contributors who are more than up to the task of grappling with the challenge of discerning the implications of cutting-edge research for clinical intervention." (PsycCRITIQUES, 11 January 2012)

 

"I am not in a position to comment on most chapters, as I am not an expert in those fields, but all I can say is that I learnt a lot and that the book provided me with a good overview on different aspects of what we commonly call schizophrenia." (Acta Psychiatr Scandinavica, 2012)

"The first chapter is an excellent and factual review of the diagnosis and classification systems that highlights the major validity issues. . .This new book is useful and current." (Doody's, 30 September 2011)

"The book will be of interest to psychiatrists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, researchers in psychiatry and psychopharmacology, and clinical and behavioral neuroscientists." (Book News, 1 August 2011)

 

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