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Single Carrier FDMA: A New Air Interface for Long Term Evolution

ISBN: 978-0-470-72449-1
198 pages
December 2008
Single Carrier FDMA: A New Air Interface for Long Term Evolution (0470724498) cover image
Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA) is a novel method of radio transmission under consideration for deployment in future cellular systems; specifically, in 3rd Generation Partnership Project Long Term Evolution (3GPP LTE) systems. SC-FDMA has drawn great attention from the communications industry as an attractive alternative to Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA).

Introduction to Single Carrier FDMA places SC-FDMA in the wider context of wireless communications, providing the reader with an in-depth tutorial on SC-FDMA technology. The book introduces the reader to this new multiple access technique that utilizes single carrier modulation along with orthogonal frequency multiplexing and frequency domain equalization, plus its applications in communications settings.  It considers the similarities with and differences from orthogonal frequency division modulation, multiplexing, and multiple access used extensively in cellular, broadcasting, and digital subscriber loop applications. Particular reference is made to the peak power characteristics of an SC-FDMA signal as an added advantage over OFDMA.

  • Provides an extensive overview of the principles of SC-FDMA and its relation to other transmission techniques.

  • Explains how the details of a specific implementation influence the tradeoffs among various figures of merit.

  • Describes in detail the configuration of the SC-FDMA uplink transmission scheme published by 3GPP.

  • Features link level simulation of an uplink SC-FDMA system using MATLAB.

This is an essential text for industry engineers who are researching and developing 3GPP LTE systems. It is suitable for engineers designing wireless network equipment, handsets, data cards, modules, chipsets, and test equipment as well as those involved in designing LTE infrastructure. It would also be of interest to academics, graduate students, and industry researchers involved in advanced wireless communications, as well as business analysts who follow the cellular market.

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Preface

1 Introduction

1.1 Generations

1.2 Standards

1.3 Cellular Standards Organizations 3GPP and 3GPP2

1.4 IEEE Standards

1.5 Advanced Mobile Wireless Systems Based on FDMA

1.6 Figures of Merit

1.7 Frequency Division Technology in Broadband Wireless

Systems

References

2 Channel Characteristics and Frequency Multiplexing

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Radio Channel Characteristics

2.3 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

2.4 Single Carrier Modulation with Frequency Domain Equalization

2.5 Summary

References

3 Single Carrier FDMA

3.1 Introduction

3.2 SC-FDMA Signal Processing

3.3 Subcarrier Mapping

3.4 Time Domain Representation of SC-FDMA Signals

3.5 SC-FDMA and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access

3.6SC-FDMA and CDMA with Frequency Domain Equalization

3.7Single Carrier Code-Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-CFDMA)

3.8 Summary

References

4 SC-FDMA in 3GPP Long Term Evolution

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Protocol Layers and Channels

4.3 Uplink Time and Frequency Structure

4.4 Basic Uplink Physical Channel Processing

4.5 Reference (Pilot) Signal Structure

4.6 Summary

References

Appendix - List of 3GPP LTE Standards

5 Channel Dependent Scheduling

5.1 Introduction

5.2 SC-FDMA Performance Measures

5.3 Scheduling Algorithms

5.4 Channel Models Used in Scheduling Studies

5.5 Channel-Dependent Scheduling Simulation Studies

5.6 Summary

References

6 MIMO SC-FDMA

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Spatial Diversity and Spatial Multiplexing in MIMO Systems

6.3 MIMO Channel

6.4 SC-FDMA Transmit Eigen-Beamforming with Unitary Precoding

6.5 SC-FDMA Spatial Diversity

6.6 Summary

References

7 Peak Power Characteristics of an SC-FDMA Signal

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Peak Power Characteristics of a Single Carrier Signal

7.3 PAPR of Single Antenna Transmission Signals

7.4 PAPR of Multiple Antenna Transmission Signals

7.5 Peak Power Reduction by Symbol Amplitude Clipping

7.6 Summary

References

8 Simulation of a SC-FDMA System Using Matlab®

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Link Level Simulation of SC/FDE

8.3 Link Level Simulation of SC-FDMA

8.4 Peak-to-Average Power Ratio Simulation of SC-FDMA

8.5 Summary

References

Appendix - Simulation Codes

Appendix A - Derivation of Time Domain Symbols of Localized FDMA and Distributed FDMA

A.1 Time Domain Symbols of LFDMA

A.2 Time Domain Symbols of DFDMA

Appendix B - Derivations of the Upper Bounds in Chapter 7

B.1 Derivation of Equations (9) and (10) in Chapter 7

B.2 Derivations of Equations (13) and (14) in Chapter 7

Appendix C - Deciphering the 3GPP LTE Specifications

Appendix D - Abbreviations

Index

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