Wireless Communications, 2nd Edition
December 2010, ©2010
—Professor Moe Win, MIT, USA
Wireless communications has grown rapidly over the past decade from a niche market into one of the most important, fast moving industries. Fully updated to incorporate the latest research and developments, Wireless Communications, Second Edition provides an authoritative overview of the principles and applications of mobile communication technology.
The author provides an in-depth analysis of current treatment of the area, addressing both the traditional elements, such as Rayleigh fading, BER in flat fading channels, and equalisation, and more recently emerging topics such as multi-user detection in CDMA systems, MIMO systems, and cognitive radio. The dominant wireless standards; including cellular, cordless and wireless LANs; are discussed.
- Topics featured include: wireless propagation channels, transceivers and signal processing, multiple access and advanced transceiver schemes, and standardised wireless systems.
- Combines mathematical descriptions with intuitive explanations of the physical facts, enabling readers to acquire a deep understanding of the subject.
- Includes new chapters on cognitive radio, cooperative communications and relaying, video coding, 3GPP Long Term Evolution, and WiMax; plus significant new sections on multi-user MIMO, 802.11n, and information theory.
- Companion website featuring: supplementary material on 'DECT', solutions manual and presentation slides for instructors, appendices, list of abbreviations and other useful resources.
Preface to the First Edition.
Acknowledgments to the First Edition.
Part I INTRODUCTION.
1 Applications and Requirements of Wireless Services.
1.2 Types of Services.
1.3 Requirements for the Services.
1.4 Economic and Social Aspects.
2 Technical Challenges of Wireless Communications.
2.1 Multipath Propagation.
2.2 Spectrum Limitations.
2.3 Limited Energy.
2.4 User Mobility.
3 Noise- and Interference-Limited Systems.
3.2 Noise-Limited Systems.
3.3 Interference-Limited Systems.
Part II WIRELESS PROPAGATION CHANNELS.
4 Propagation Mechanisms.
4.1 Free Space Attenuation.
4.2 Reflection and Transmission.
4.4 Scattering by Rough Surfaces.
4.6 Appendices: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
5 Statistical Description of the Wireless Channel.
5.2 The Time-Invariant Two-Path Model.
5.3 The Time-Variant Two-Path Model.
5.4 Small-Scale Fading without a Dominant Component.
5.5 Small-Scale Fading with a Dominant Component.
5.6 Doppler Spectra and Temporal Channel Variations.
5.7 Temporal Dependence of Fading.
5.8 Large-Scale Fading.
5.9 Appendices: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
6 Wideband and Directional Channel Characterization.
6.2 The Causes of Delay Dispersion.
6.3 System-Theoretic Description of Wireless Channels.
6.4 The WSSUS Model.
6.5 Condensed Parameters.
6.6 Ultra Wideband Channels.
6.7 Directional Description.
6.8 Appendices: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
7 Channel Models.
7.2 Narrowband Models.
7.3 Wideband Models.
7.4 Directional Models.
7.5 Deterministic Channel-Modeling Methods.
7.6 Appendices: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
8 Channel Sounding.
8.2 Time-Domain Measurements.
8.3 Frequency Domain Analysis.
8.4 Modified Measurement Methods.
8.5 Directionally Resolved Measurements.
8.6 Appendix: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
9.2 Antennas for Mobile Stations.
9.3 Antennas for Base Stations.
Part III TRANSCEIVERS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING.
10 Structure of a Wireless Communication Link.
10.1 Transceiver Block Structure.
10.2 Simplified Models.
11 Modulation Formats.
11.3 Important Modulation Formats.
11.4 Appendix: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
12.1 Demodulator Structure and Error Probability in Additive White Gaussian Noise Channels.
12.2 Error Probability in Flat-Fading Channels.
12.3 Error Probability in Delay- and Frequency-Dispersive Fading Channels.
13.3 Macrodiversity and Simulcast.
13.4 Combination of Signals.
13.5 Error Probability in Fading Channels with Diversity Reception.
13.6 Transmit Diversity.
13.7 Appendix: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
14 Channel Coding and Information Theory.
14.1 Fundamentals of Coding and Information Theory.
14.2 Block Codes.
14.3 Convolutional Codes.
14.4 Trellis Coded Modulation.
14.5 Bit Interleaved Coded Modulation (BICM).
14.6 Turbo Codes.
14.7 Low Density Parity Check Codes.
14.8 Coding for the Fading Channel.
14.9 Information-Theoretic Performance Limits of Fading Channels.
14.10 Appendices: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
15 Speech Coding (Gernot Kubin).
15.2 The Sound of Speech.
15.3 Stochastic Models for Speech.
15.4 Quantization and Coding.
15.5 From Speech Transmission to Acoustic Telepresence.
16.2 Linear Equalizers.
16.3 Decision Feedback Equalizers.
16.4 Maximum Likelihood Sequence Estimation – Viterbi Detector.
16.5 Comparison of Equalizer Structures.
16.6 Fractionally Spaced Equalizers.
16.7 Blind Equalizers.
16.8 Appendices: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
Part IV MULTIPLE ACCESS AND ADVANCED TRANSCEIVER SCHEMES.
17 Multiple Access and the Cellular Principle.
17.2 Frequency Division Multiple Access.
17.3 Time Division Multiple Access.
17.4 Packet Radio.
17.6 Principles of Cellular Networks.
17.7 Appendix: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
18 Spread Spectrum Systems.
18.1 Frequency Hopping Multiple Access (FHMA).
18.2 Code Division Multiple Access.
18.3 Cellular Code-Division-Multiple-Access Systems.
18.4 Multiuser Detection.
18.5 Time Hopping Impulse Radio.
19 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM).
19.2 Principle of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing.
19.3 Implementation of Transceivers.
19.4 Frequency-Selective Channels.
19.5 Channel Estimation.
19.6 Peak-to-Average Power Ratio.
19.7 Inter Carrier Interference.
19.8 Adaptive Modulation and Capacity.
19.9 Multiple Access – OFDMA.
19.10 Multicarrier Code Division Multiple Access.
19.11 Single-Carrier Modulation with Frequency Domain Equalization.
20 Multiantenna Systems.
20.1 Smart Antennas.
20.2 Multiple Input Multiple Output Systems.
Part V STANDARDIZED WIRELESS SYSTEMS.
21 Cognitive Radio.
21.1 Problem Description.
21.2 Cognitive Transceiver Architecture.
21.3 Principles of Interweaving.
21.4 Spectrum Sensing.
21.5 Spectrum Management.
21.6 Spectrum Sharing.
21.8 Underlay Hierarchical Access – Ultra Wide Bandwidth System Communications.
22 Relaying, Multi-Hop, and Cooperative Communications.
22.1 Introduction and Motivation.
22.2 Fundamentals of Relaying.
22.3 Relaying with Multiple, Parallel Relays.
22.4 Routing and Resource Allocation in Multi-Hop Networks.
22.5 Routing and Resource Allocation in Collaborative Networks.
22.7 Network Coding.
23 Video Coding (Anthony Vetro).
23.2 Transform and Quantization.
23.4 Entropy Coding.
23.5 Video Coding Standards.
23.6 Layered Video Coding.
23.7 Error Control.
23.8 Video Streaming.
24 GSM – Global System for Mobile Communications.
24.1 Historical Overview.
24.2 System Overview.
24.3 The Air Interface.
24.4 Logical and Physical Channels.
24.8 Circuit-Switched Data Transmission.
24.9 Establishing a Connection and Handover.
24.10 Services and Billing.
24.11 Glossary for GSM.
24.12 Appendices: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
25 IS-95 and CDMA 2000.
25.1 Historical Overview.
25.2 System Overview.
25.3 Air Interface.
25.5 Spreading and Modulation.
25.6 Logical and Physical Channels.
25.8 Appendices: please see companion website (www.wiley.com/go/molisch).
26.1 Historical Overview.
26.2 System Overview.
26.3 Air Interface.
26.4 Physical and Logical Channels.
26.5 Speech Coding, Multiplexing, and Channel Coding.
26.6 Spreading and Modulation.
26.7 Physical-Layer Procedures.
26.8 Glossary for WCDMA.
27 3GPP Long-Term Evolution.
27.2 System Overview.
27.3 Physical Layer.
27.4 Logical and Physical Channels.
27.5 Physical Layer Procedures.
27.6 Glossary for LTE.
28 WiMAX/IEEE 802.16.
28.2 System Overview.
28.3 Modulation and Coding.
28.4 Logical and Physical Channels.
28.5 Multiple-Antenna Techniques.
28.6 Link Control.
28.7 Glossary for WiMAX.
29 Wireless Local Area Networks.
29.1 Introduction 731
29.2 802.11a/g – Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing-Based Local Area Networks 734
29.3 IEEE 802.11n 739
29.4 Packet Transmission in 802.11 Wireless Local Area Networks 745
29.5 Alternative Wireless Local Area Networks and Future Developments 749
29.6 Glossary for WLAN 749
30 Exercises (Peter Almers, Ove Edfors, Hao Feng, Fredrik Floren, Anders Johanson, Johan Karedal, Buon Kiong Lau, Christian Mehlf¨uhrer, Andreas F. Molisch, Jan Plasberg, Barbara Resch, Jonas Samuelson, Junyang Shen, Andre Stranne, Fredrik Tufvesson, Anthony Vetro and Shurjeel Wyne).
30.1 Chapter 1: Applications and Requirements of Wireless Services.
30.2 Chapter 2: Technical Challenges of Wireless Communications.
30.3 Chapter 3: Noise- and Interference-Limited Systems.
30.4 Chapter 4: Propagation Mechanisms.
30.5 Chapter 5: Statistical Description of the Wireless Channel.
30.6 Chapter 6: Wideband and Directional Channel Characterization.
30.7 Chapter 7: Channel Models.
30.8 Chapter 8: Channel Sounding.
30.9 Chapter 9: Antennas.
30.10 Chapter 10: Structure of a Wireless Communication Link.
30.11 Chapter 11: Modulation Formats.
30.12 Chapter 12: Demodulation.
30.13 Chapter 13: Diversity.
30.14 Chapter 14: Channel Coding.
30.15 Chapter 15: Speech Coding.
30.16 Chapter 16: Equalizers.
30.17 Chapter 17: Multiple Access and the Cellular Principle.
30.18 Chapter 18: Spread Spectrum Systems.
30.19 Chapter 19: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM).
30.20 Chapter 20: Multiantenna Systems.
30.21 Chapter 21: Cognitive Radio.
30.22 Chapter 22: Relaying, Multi-Hop, and Cooperative Communications.
30.23 Chapter 23: Video Coding.
30.24 Chapter 24: GSM – Global System for Mobile Communications.
30.25 Chapter 25: IS-95 and CDMA 2000.
30.26 Chapter 26: WCDMA/UMTS.
30.27 Chapter 27: 3GPP Long Term Evolution.
30.28 Chapter 28: WiMAX/IEEE 802.16.
30.29 Chapter 29: Wireless Local Area Networks.
- Five new chapters, on (i) cognitive radio, (ii) cooperative communications, (iii) video coding, (iv) LTE, and (v) Wimax.
- Existing chapters updated and expanded
- New sections on bit-interleaved coded modulation; multi-user MIMO; and IEEE 802.11n
· A fully comprehensive, self-contained textbook on wireless communications – all the essential reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in one book
· Combines mathematical descriptions with intuitive explanations of the physical facts, to assist students in acquiring a deeper understanding of the area.
· Companion website features: instructors’ solutions manual, presentation slides, appendices to the majority of the chapters, supplementary material on the DECT (Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications) system, glossary and other useful resources.