The Map Reader: Theories of Mapping Practice and Cartographic Representation
WINNER OF THE CANTEMIR PRIZE 2012 awarded by the Berendel Foundation
The Map Reader brings together, for the first time, classic and hard-to-find articles on mapping. This book provides a wide-ranging and coherent edited compendium of key scholarly writing about the changing nature of cartography over the last half century. The editorial selection of fifty-four theoretical and thought provoking texts demonstrates how cartography works as a powerful representational form and explores how different mapping practices have been conceptualised in particular scholarly contexts.
Themes covered include paradigms, politics, people, aesthetics and technology. Original interpretative essays set the literature into intellectual context within these themes. Excerpts are drawn from leading scholars and researchers in a range of cognate fields including: Cartography, Geography, Anthropology, Architecture, Engineering, Computer Science and Graphic Design.
The Map Reader provides a new unique single source reference to the essential literature in the cartographic field:
- more than fifty specially edited excerpts from key, classic articles and monographs
- critical introductions by experienced experts in the field
- focused coverage of key mapping practices, techniques and ideas
- a valuable resource suited to a broad spectrum of researchers and students working in cartography and GIScience, geography, the social sciences, media studies, and visual arts
- full page colour illustrations of significant maps as provocative visual ‘think-pieces’
- fully indexed, clearly structured and accessible ways into a fast changing field of cartographic research
Co-edited by Martin Dodge and Chris Perkins, Senior Lecturers in Human Geography in the School of Environment and Development, the University of Manchester; and Rob Kitchin, Professor of Geography, National University of Ireland, Maynooth.
Colour Plate One: Cartographic Production.
Section One Conceptualising Mapping.
1.1 Introductory Essay: Conceptualising Mapping (Rob Kitchin, Martin Dodge and Chris Perkins).
1.2 General Theory, from Semiology of Graphics (Jacques Bertin).
1.3 On Maps and Mapping, from The Nature of Maps: Essays Toward Understanding Maps and Mapping (Arthur H. Robinson and Barbara B. Petchenik).
1.4 The Science of Cartography and its Essential Processes (Joel L. Morrison).
1.5 Analytical Cartography (Waldo R. Tobler).
1.6 Cartographic Communication (Christopher Board).
1.7 Design on Signs / Myth and Meaning in Maps (Denis Wood and John Fels).
1.8 Deconstructing the Map (J.B. Harley).
1.9 Drawing Things Together (Bruno Latour).
1.10 Cartography Without 'Progress': Reinterpreting the Nature and Historical Development of Mapmaking (Matthew H. Edney).
1.11 Exploratory Cartographic Visualisation: Advancing the Agenda (Alan M. MacEachren and Menno-Jan Kraak).
1.12 The Agency of Mapping: Speculation, Critique and Invention (James Corner).
1.13 Beyond the 'Binaries': A Methodological Intervention for Interrogating Maps as Representational Practices (Vincent J. Del Casino Jr. and Stephen P. Hanna).
1.14 Rethinking Maps (Rob Kitchin and Martin Dodge).
Colour Plate Two: Mapping the Internet.
Section Two Technologies of Mapping.
2.1 Introductory Essay: Technologies of Mapping (Martin Dodge, Rob Kitchin and Chris Perkins).
2.2 A Century of Cartographic Change, from Technological Transition in Cartography (Mark S. Monmonier).
2.3 Manufacturing Metaphors: Public Cartography, the Market, and Democracy (Patrick H. McHaffie).
2.4 Maps and Mapping Technologies of the Persian Gulf War (Keith C. Clarke).
2.5 Automation and Cartography (Waldo R. Tobler)
2.6 Cartographic Futures on a Digital Earth (Michael F. Goodchild).
2.7 Cartography and Geographic Information Systems (Phillip C. Muehrcke).
2.8 Remote Sensing of Urban/Suburban Infrastructure and Socio-Economic Attributes (John R. Jensen and Dave C. Cowen).
2.9 Emergence of Map Projections, from Flattening the Earth: Two Thousand Years of Map Projections (John P. Synder).
2.10 Mobile Mapping: An Emerging Technology for Spatial Data Acquisition (Rongxing Li).
2.11 Extending the Map Metaphor Using Web Delivered Multimedia (William Cartwright).
2.12 Imaging the World: The State of Online Mapping (Tom Geller).
Colour Plate Three: Pictorial Mapping.
Section Three Cartographic Aesthetics and Map Design.
3.1 Introductory Essay: Cartographic Aesthetics and Map Design (Chris Perkins, Martin Dodge and Rob Kitchin).
3.2 Interplay of Elements, from Cartographic Relief Presentation (Eduard Imhof).
3.3 Cartography as a Visual Technique, from The Look of Maps (Arthur H. Robinson).
3.4 Generalisation in Statistical Mapping (George F. Jenks).
3.5 Strategies for the Visualisation of Geographic Time-Series Data (Mark Monmonier).
3.6 The Roles of Maps, from Some Truth with Maps: A Primer on Symbolization and Design (Alan M. MacEachren).
3.7 Area Cartograms: Their Use and Creation (Daniel Dorling).
3.8 ColorBrewer.org: An Online Tool for Selecting Colour Schemes for Maps (Mark Harrower and Cynthia A. Brewer).
3.9 Maps, Mapping, Modernity: Art and Cartography in the Twentieth Century (Denis Cosgrove).
3.10 Affective Geovisualisations (Stuart Aitken and James Craine).
3.11 Egocentric Design of Map-Based Mobile Services (Liqiu Meng).
3.12 The Geographic Beauty of a Photographic Archive (Jason Dykes and Jo Wood).
Colour Plate Four: Visualising Cartographic Colour Schemes and Mapping Spatial Information Space.
Section Four Cognition and Cultures of Mapping.
4.1 Introductory Essay: Cognition and Cultures of Mapping (Chris Perkins, Rob Kitchin and Martin Dodge).
4.2 Map Makers are Human: Comments on the Subjective in Maps (John K. Wright).
4.3 Cognitive Maps and Spatial Behaviour: Process and Products (Roger M. Downs and David Stea).
4.4 Natural Mapping (James M. Blaut).
4.5 The Map as Biography: Thoughts on Ordnance Survey Map, Six-Inch Sheet Devonshire CIX, SE, Newton Abbot (J.B. Harley).
4.6 Reading Maps (Eileen Reeves).
4.7 Mapping Reeds and Reading Maps: The Politics of Representation in Lake Titicaca (Benjamin S. Orlove).
4.8 Refiguring Geography: Parish Maps of Common Ground (David Crouch and David Matless).
4.9 Understanding and Learning Maps (Robert Lloyd).
4.10 Citizens as Sensors: The World of Volunteered Geography (Michael F. Goodchild).
4.11 Usability Evaluation of Web Mapping Sites (Annu-Maaria Nivala, Stephen Brewster and L. Tiina Sarjakoski)
Colour Plate Five: Visualising the Efforts of Volunteer Cartographers.
Section Five Power and Politics of Mapping.
5.1 Introductory Essay: Power and Politics of Mapping (Rob Kitchin, Martin Dodge and Chris Perkins).
5.2 The Time and Space of the Enlightenment Project, from The Condition of Postmodernity (David Harvey).
5.3 Texts, Hermeneutics and Propaganda Maps (John Pickles).
5.4 Mapping: A New Technology of Space; Geo-Body, from Siam Mapped: A History of the Geo-Body of a Nation (Thongchai Winichakul).
5.5 First Principles of a Literary Cartography, from Territorial Disputes: Maps and Mapping Strategies in Contemporary Canadian and Australian Fiction (Graham Huggan).
5.6 Whose Woods are These? Counter-Mapping Forest Territories in Kalimantan, Indonesia (Nancy Lee Peluso).
5.7 A Map that Roared and an Original Atlas: Canada, Cartography, and the Narration of Nation (Matthew Sparke).
5.8 Cartographic Rationality and the Politics of Geosurveillance and Security (Jeremy W. Crampton).
5.9 Affecting Geospatial Technologies: Toward a Feminist Politics of Emotion (Mei-Po Kwan).
5.10 Queering the Map: The Productive Tensions of Colliding Epistemologies (Michael Brown and Larry Knopp).
5.11 Mapping the Digital Empire: Google Earth and the Process of Postmodern Cartography (Jason Farman).
Colour Plate Six: Cartographies of Protest.
“The Map Reader feels like a rich investigation and compilation, adding to the literature of this relatively overlooked visual culture and bringing together in one place a valuable scholarly documentation and discussion of this important visual medium, along with some suggestion of the enormous potential for where it’s going.” (Landscape Ecology, 1 March 2013)
"It is compulsory reading for ‘students, academics and lay readers interested in understanding the appeal and power of maps’. It deserves a wide reading audience." (Int. J. Environment and Pollution, 1 October 2013)
"But for anyone who wants to get the most out of a map, whatever medium it is in, it is fascinating. It is a text-book for map readers, written by map-makers". (Law Society Journal, 1 October 2011)
"I highly recommend the landmark anthology The Map Reader: Theories of Mapping Practice and Cartographic Representation edited by Martin Dodge, Rob Kitchin, and Chris Perkins, to any students, researchers, and interested non-professionals in the areas of cartography, mapping technology, GIScience, social sciences, the media, the visual arts, and industry who are seeking a complete resource on the topic of map making. The articles cover every aspect of this rapidly changing field, written by leading scholars in many very diverse disciplines." (Blog Business World, 2 October 2011)
"Written as a comprehensive guide to cover all of these disciplines The Map Reader ensures that the most important cartographic ideas are made available to researchers, students and cartography enthusiast alike." (PhysOrg.com, 25 May 2011)
From the charts of ancient mariners exploring new found lands to the age of Google Earth, maps are about far more than just navigation. They reflect the latest technologies, culture and the distribution of power and politics of their age.
The Map Reader provides, for the first time, a single source for the most important literature about the nature of mapping practices from the last hundred years. Fifty four theoretical and thought provoking texts demonstrate how cartography works as a powerful representational form and explores how different mapping practices have been conceptualised in particular social and historical contexts.
These original interpretative essays set the literature into context within the themes of politics, people, aesthetics and technology while drawing from leading scholars and researchers from across the academic spectrum including cartography, geography, anthropology, architecture, engineering, computer science and graphic design.
While the rhetorical power and technical complexity of how maps work has remained relatively under-analysed across the social sciences there has been a recent resurgence of mapping practices across the humanities, as well as in the information sciences, bio-informatics and human computer studies.
Written as a comprehensive guide to cover all of these disciplines The Map Reader ensures that the most important cartographic ideas are made available to researchers, students and cartography enthusiast alike.