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Cellular Technologies for Emerging Markets: 2G, 3G and Beyond

ISBN: 978-0-470-77947-7
326 pages
August 2010
Cellular Technologies for Emerging Markets: 2G, 3G and Beyond (0470779470) cover image


In this book, the author addresses technologies that are being used in emerging cellular markets. These include GSM/EGPRS and CDMA which are being deployed at a rapid pace, while technologies such as UMTS (3G)/ HSPA (3.5G) which have started to find a place in these high growth markets, are also considered. The book examines other technologies including LTE (3.9G) which have already moved out of research labs into the commercial world. 2G-CDMA is widely used, while further developments, e.g. CDMA2000 are also finding acceptance in the commercial arena. IMS/Convergence is increasingly popular all over the world; UMA, which is deployed mostly in North America; and DVB which is gaining worldwide popularity, especially in South Asia, are all reviewed.

Each chapter discusses a different technology and is structured into three parts. The technology is examined at an overview level, first explaining what the technology is and then considering the technical features of the technology. The chapter concludes by looking at the planning/implementation aspects of the technology.

Key Features:

  • Useful for all cellular industry professionals as provides an overview of the currently deployed technologies in mass scale, and the forthcoming technologies that are expected to make an impact in the future, such as 4th Generation Cellular Networks.
  • One of the first books on the market to encompass all the major cellular technologies, as well as considering the design and implementation perspective.

Wireless Technology will play a key role in uplifting the economies of the Emerging countries globally. Ashok Chandra, Wireless Advisor to Govt. of India

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Table of Contents

Foreword 1: Role of Technology in Emerging Markets.

Foreword 2: Connecting the Unconnected.



1 Cellular Technology in Emerging Markets.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 ICT in Emerging Markets.

1.3 Cellular Technologies.

1.4 Overview of Some Key Technologies.

1.5 Future Direction.

2 GSM and EGPRS.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 GSM Technology.

2.3 Network Planning in the GSM Network.

2.4 EGPRS Technology.

2.5 EGPRS Network Design and Optimization.


3.1 The 3G Evolution – UMTS.

3.2 UMTS Services and Applications.

3.3 UMTS Bearer Service QoS Parameters.

3.4 QoS Classes.

3.5 WCDMA Concepts.

3.6 ATM.

3.7 Protocol Stack.

3.8 WCDMA Network Architecture – Radio and Core.

3.9 Network Planning in 3G.

3.10 Network Optimization.


4.1 Introduction to CDMA.

4.2 CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access.

4.3 Spread Spectrum Technique.

4.4 Codes in CDMA System.

4.5 Link Structure.

4.6 Radio Resource Management.

4.7 Planning a CDMA Network.

4.8 CDMA2000.


5 HSPA and LTE.

5.1 HSPA (High Speed Packet Access).

5.2 HSDPA Technology.

5.3 HSDPA Channels.

5.4 Dimensioning in HSDPA.

5.5 Radio Resource Management in HSDPA.

5.6 High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA).

5.7 HSUPA Channels.

5.8 HSUPA Radio Resource Management.

5.9 HSPA Network Dimensioning.

5.10 LTE (Long Term Evolution).

5.11 LTE Technology.

5.12 Radio Resource Management.

5.13 Security in LTE.

6 OFDM and All-IP.

6.1 Introduction to OFDM.

6.2 OFDM Principles.

6.3 MIMO Technology.

6.4 OFDM System.

6.5 Design of OFDM Channel.

6.6 Multi-User OFDM Environment.

6.7 All-IP Networks.

6.8 Architecture of All-IP Networks.

7 Broadband Wireless Access: WLAN, Wi-Fi and WiMAX.

7.1 Wireless Technology Differentiation.

7.2 Wireless LAN.

7.3 Wi-Fi Networks.

7.4 WiMAX Networks.

8 Convergence and IP Multimedia Sub-System.

8.1 Introduction to Convergence.

8.2 Key Aspects of Convergent Systems.

8.3 Architecture in Convergent Networks.

8.4 IMS.

8.5 IMS Architecture.

8.6 IMS Security System.

8.7 IMS Charging.

8.8 Service Provisioning in IMS.

9 Unlicensed Mobile Access.

9.1 Introduction to UMA.

9.2 Working on UMA Network.

9.3 Architecture of UMA.

9.4 Up Interface in UMA.

9.5 Protocols in UMA.

9.6 Security Mechanism of UMA.

9.7 Identifiers and Cell Identifiers in UMA.

9.8 Mode and PLMN Selection.

9.9 UMAN Discovery and Registration Procedures.

9.10 UNC Blocks.

9.11 Comparison between Femtocells and UMA.

9.12 Conclusion.

10 DVB-H.

10.1 Mobile Television.

10.2 Introduction to DVB.

10.3 DVB-H Ecosystem.

10.4 DVB-H System Technology.

10.5 DVB-H Network Architecture.

10.6 DVB-H Network Topologies.

10.7 Network Design in the DVB-H Network.

Appendix A VAS Applications.

A.1 Multimedia Messaging Service.

A.2 Push-to-Talk over Cellular.

A.3 Streaming Service.

A.4 Short Message Service.

A.5 Wireless Application Protocol.

Appendix B Energy in Telecommunications.

B.1 The Solution Exists – But It’s Not Very Good.

B.2 Renewable Energy – a Better Solution.

B.3 The Optimal Design for a Base Station Site.

B.4 Business Case for Renewable Energy in Mobile Base Station Sites.

B.5 Effects of Climate Change on Mobile Networks.



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Author Information

AJAY RANJAN MISHRA received his M. Tech in Microwave Electronics from University of Delhi in 1997. Since then, he has been working with Nokia Networks and Nokia Siemens Networks. He has been involved not only in the research and development of network designing and optimization for all three generations of the networks, but also in the deployment of these networks globally. He is a founding member of Indian Telecom Standards body GISFI (Global ICT Standards Forum for India) and sits on panels of top institutes and telecom bodies. His current interests are issues related to the design and performance of cellular networks - 3G and Beyond. He has several publications to his credit, including most recently Fundamentals of Cellular Network Planning and Optimisation: 2G/2.5G/3G... Evolution to 4G and Advanced Cellular Network Planning and Optimisation: 2G/2.5G/3G...Evolution to 4G.
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"Useful for all cellular industry professionals as provides an overview of the currently deployed technologies in mass scale, and the forthcoming technologies that are expected to make an impact in the future, such as 4th Generation Cellular Networks." (IP Communication, 31 October 2010)
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