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Urbanism: Imported or Exported?

Joe Nasr (Editor), Mercedes Volait (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-470-85160-9
392 pages
September 2003
Urbanism: Imported or Exported? (0470851600) cover image

Description

This book redresses the under-representation in existing English-language literature, of the global formation and development of global cities which have been informed by the diffusion of Western ideas and building principles beyond the Western world

The modes of diffusion of ideas that shape planned environments, and the ways these ideas are realized, have been gaining prominence as subjects of study and discussion among planning historians and others. Recently, some researchers have begun to approach the relations between actors and stakeholders in the processes of planning diffusion in increasingly complex and ambiguous ways.

The natives in developing countries, whether colonial or post-colonial, are now being recognized as full-fledged participants in the shaping of the built environment, with a variety of roles to play and means to play them, even if they frequently face many constraints to their actions. The specific traits of the indigenous are even in question: ultimately, who are the ‘locals’?

The research presented here recognises the importance of both provider and recipient as essential and influential entities within this diffusion process.

This book raises important conceptual questions as to the identities and roles of the actors involved and looks at the methodological implications for historians and the new challenges that arise from this questioning of a long-standing traditional view.

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Table of Contents

Preface vii

Introduction: Transporting Planning xi
JOE NASR AND MERCEDES VOLAIT

Chapter 1 Writing Transnational Planning Histories 1
ANTHONY D. KING

PART 1 THE LATEST MODELS 15

Chapter 2 Making Cairo Modern (1870–1950): Multiple Models for a ‘European-style’ Urbanism 17
MERCEDES VOLAIT

Chapter 3 The Transformation of Planning Ideas in Japan and its Colonies 51
CAROLA HEIN

Chapter 4 Learning from the US: the Americanisation of Western Urban Planning 83
STEPHEN V. WARD

PART 2 CITY-BUILDING, STATE-BUILDING AND NATION-BUILDING 107

Chapter 5 Urbanism as Social Engineering in the Balkans: Reform Prospects and Implementation Problems in
Thessaloniki 109
ALEXANDRA YEROLYMPOS

Chapter 6 From ‘Cosmopolitan Fantasies’ to ‘National Traditions’: Socialist Realism in East Berlin 128
ROLAND W. STROBEL

Chapter 7 The Preservation of Egyptian Cultural Heritage through Egyptian Eyes: The Case of the Comité de Conservation des Monuments de l’Art Arabe 155
ALAA EL-HABASHI

PART 3 POWERFUL SUBJECTS 185

Chapter 8 From Europe to Tripoli in Barbary, via Istanbul: Municipal Reforms in an Outpost of the Ottoman
Empire around 1870 187
NORA LAFI

Chapter 9 Beirut and the Étoile Area: An Exclusively French Project? 206
MAY DAVIE

Chapter 10 Local Wishes and National Commands: Planning Continuity in French Provincial Towns in the 1940s 230
JOE NASR

PART 4 FOREIGN EXPERTS, LOCAL PROFESSIONALS 263

Chapter 11 Foreign Hires: French Experts and the Urbanism of Buenos Aires, 1907–32 265
ALICIA NOVICK

Chapter 12 Politics, Ideology and Professional Interests: Foreign versus Local Planners in Lebanon under President Chehab 290
ERIC VERDEIL

Chapter 13 Towards Global Human Settlements: Constantinos Doxiadis as Entrepreneur, Coalition-Builder and Visionary 316
RAY BROMLEY

Contributors Biographies 341

Index 345

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Reviews

“…an interesting read…well worth reading about…” (Building Engineer, January 04)
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