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Creating a Sense of Presence in Online Teaching: How to "Be There" for Distance Learners

ISBN: 978-0-470-87311-3
160 pages
August 2010, Jossey-Bass
Creating a Sense of Presence in Online Teaching: How to "Be There" for Distance Learners (0470873116) cover image

Description

This important new resource shows how a strong sense of online presence contributes to greater student satisfaction and retention. The authors explore the psychological and social aspects of online presence from both the instructor and student perspective and provide an instructional design framework for developing effective online learning.

Based on solid research and extensive experience, the book is filled with suggested methods, illustrative case scenarios, and effective activities for creating, maintaining, and evaluating presence throughout an online course.

"The authors have taken the mystery out of the critical concept of presence by providing the theory that supports its importance and simple techniques to make it happen. Instructors who read this book will be able to develop effective online learning communities and achieve desired learning outcomes."
Rena M. Palloff and Keith Pratt, program directors and faculty, Teaching in the Virtual Classroom Program, Fielding Graduate University

"Lehman and Conceição blend hands-on experience, research, and a collection of practical tips to provide every online instructor with strategies for 'being there.' If you want to bring the real you into your online classes and take your online teaching to the next level, this is the book to read."
Chip Donohue, director of distance learning, Erikson Institute

"This book provides a practical and interactive model to help readers reflect on why and how they can guide online and blended learning activities, characterized by a personal 'sense of presence.'"
Alan B. Knox, professor, School of Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison

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Table of Contents

List of Figures, Exhibits, and Tables v

Preface vii

About the Authors xiii

ONE The Role of Presence in the Online Environment 1

Why Is It Important to Understand Presence? 2

Creating a Sense of Presence 3

What We Know About Presence 4

Presence as the Result of Our Perceptual Process 6

Understanding Presence 7

Summary 12

TWO Ways in Which Presence Can Be Experienced 13

Types of Experience 15

Modes of Presence 18

Dimensions of the Learner 20

The Being There for the Online Learner Model 21

Summary 24

THREE Designing Your Online Course with a Sense of Presence 25

Determinants of Presence 26

Framework for Designing Online Courses with a Sense of Presence 30

Getting Yourself "There" for Your Online Course 37

Getting Your Learners “There” for Your Online Course 40

Summary 41

FOUR Activities That Create a Sense of Presence in Your Online Course 43

Before the Course Begins 45

During the Online Course 65

End of the Course 77

How to Know If Presence Is “There” in Your Online Course 84

Summary 93

FIVE Are You Here or There? Making Sense of Presence 95

Case 1. Getting to Know You and Your Course 95

Case 2. Second Life Participation and Blogging 99

Case 3. Creating a Web-Based Training Course as a Team 104

Creating a Syllabus with a Sense of Presence 109

Final Thoughts and Future Directions 109

Appendix 1: Training Resources 113

Appendix 2: Online Course Design Resources 115

Appendix 3: Sample Syllabus 117

Definitions of Terms 129

References 133

Index 137

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Author Information

Rosemary M. Lehman is a partner in eInterface with twenty years of experience at Instructional Communications Systems, University of Wisconsin-Extension where she was a distance education specialist and led the Learning Design and Outreach Team. She is coauthor of 147 Practical Tips for Synchronous and Blended Technology Teaching and Learning.

Simone C. O. Conceição is an associate professor in the School of Education, Department of Administrative Leadership, at University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and the editor of Teaching Strategies in the Online Environment from Jossey-Bass and coauthor of 147 Practical Tips for Teaching Online Groups: Essentials of Web-Based Education.

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