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Polysaccharide Building Blocks: A Sustainable Approach to the Development of Renewable Biomaterials

ISBN: 978-0-470-87419-6
430 pages
April 2012
Polysaccharide Building Blocks: A Sustainable Approach to the Development of Renewable Biomaterials (0470874198) cover image
This book is an archival reference for the evolving field of biomaterials and their applications in society, focusing on their composition, properties, characterization, chemistry and applications in bioenergy, chemicals, and novel materials and biomaterials.  It has broad appeal due to the recent heightened awareness around bioenergy and biomass as potential replacements for petroleum feedstocks.  The book is divided into three parts: cellulose-based biomaterials, chitin and chitosan biomaterials, and hemicelluloses and other polysaccharides.  Each chapter addresses a separate biomaterial, discussing its chemical, physical, and biological attributes, and hones in on each compound's intrinsic tunability for numerous chemical transformations.  In the current quest for a "green" economy and resources, this book will help inspire scientists towards novel sources for chemicals, materials, and energy in the years to come.
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Foreword vii

Preface ix

Contributors xi

1 Recent Advances in Cellulose Chemistry 1
Thomas Heinze and Katrin Petzold-Welcke

2 Cellulosic Aerogels 51
Falk Liebner, Emmerich Haimer, Antje Potthast, and Thomas Rosenau

3 Nanocelluloses: Emerging Building Blocks for Renewable Materials 105
Youssef Habibi and Lucian A. Lucia

4 Interactions of Chitosan with Metals for Water Purification 127
Mohammed Rhazi, Abdelouhad Tolaimate, and Youssef Habibi

5 Recent Developments in Chitin and Chitosan Bio-Based Materials Used for Food Preservation 143
Véronique Coma

6 Chitin and Chitosan as Biomaterial Building Blocks 177
JoséF. Louvier-Hernández and Ram B. Gupta

7 Chitosan Derivatives for Bioadhesive/Hemostatic Applications: Chemical and Biological Aspects 199
Mai Yamazaki and Samuel M. Hudson

8 Chitin Nanofibers as Building Blocks for Advanced Materials 227
Youssef Habibi and Lucian A. Lucia

9 Electrical Conductivity and Polysaccharides 247
Axel Rußler and Thomas Rosenau

10 Polysaccharide-Based Porous Materials 271
Peter S. Shuttleworth, Avtar Matharu, and James H. Clark

11 Starch-Based Bionanocomposites: Processing and Properties 287
Visakh P. M., Aji P. Mathew, Kristiina Oksman, and Sabu Thomas

12 Starch-Based Sustainable Materials 307
Luc Avérous

13 The Potential of Xylans as Biomaterial Resources 331
Anna Ebringerova

14 Micro- and Nanoparticles from Hemicelluloses 367
Emmerich Haimer, Falk Liebner, Antje Potthast, and Thomas Rosenau

15 Nonxylan Hemicelluloses as a Source of Renewable Materials 387
David Plackett and Natanya Hansen

Index 409

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YOUSSEF HABIBI, PhD, is Assistant Professor in the Department of Forest Bio-materials at North Carolina State University. His research investigates biocomposites and biomaterials engineering; cellulose nanocrystals self-assembly; natural fibers; reinforced polymer composites and nanocomposites; the isolation, analysis, treatment, and chemical modification and utilization of biomass components; and surface modification of natural fibers and their nanocrystals.

LUCIAN A. LUCIA, PhD, is Associate Professor in the Department of Forest Biomaterials at North Carolina State University. His recent work focuses on the chemistry of wood pulping processes, with an emphasis on hydrosulfide chemistry. Dr. Lucia cofounded and coedits BioResources, dedicated to advanced applications of lignocellulosics.

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