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Strategic Materials and Computational Design: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 31, Issue 10

Waltraud M. Kriven (Editor), Yanchun Zhou (Editor), Miladin Radovic (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-470-92191-3
204 pages
October 2010
Strategic Materials and Computational Design: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 31, Issue 10 (0470921919) cover image
Contributions from three Focused Sessions that were part of the 34th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites (ICACC), in Daytona Beach, FL, January 24-29, 2010 are presented in this volume. The broad range of topics is captured by the Focused Session titles, which are listed as follows: FS1 - Geopolymers and other Inorganic Polymers; FS3 - Computational Design, Modeling Simulation and Characterization of Ceramics and Composites; and FS4 - Nanolaminated Ternary Carbides and Nitrides (MAX Phases).

The session on Geopolymers and other Inorganic Polymers continues to attract growing attention from international researchers (USA, Australia, France, Germany, Italy, Czech Republic, and Viet Nam) and it is encouraging to see the variety of established and new applications being found for these novel and potentially useful materials. The session organizer gratefully acknowledges the support of the US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) through Dr. Joan Fuller. The AFOSR has continuously supported these conferences since the first meeting in Nashville, TN in 2003.

Focused Session 3 was dedicated to design, modeling, simulation and characterization of ceramics and composites. 27 technical papers were presented on prediction of crystal structure and phase stability, characterization of interfaces and grain boundaries at atomic scale, optimization of electrical, optical and mechanical properties, modeling of defects and related properties, design of materials and components at different length scales, application of novel computational methods for processing. Four of these papers are included in this issue of CESP.

Focused Session 4 was dedicated to MAX phases - a class of ternary carbides and nitrides with nanolaminated structure and general formula Mn+1AXn (where M is an early transition metal, A is an A-group element from IIIA to VIA, X is either C or N, and n=1, 2, 3 …). The MAX phases have attracted recently a lot of attention because they possess unique combination of metallic- and ceramic-like properties. In all, 30 technical papers were presented during this session. Four of these papers are included in this issue.

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Preface ix

Introduction xi

GEOPOLYMERS AND OTHER INORGANIC POLYMERS

Geomaterial Foam to Reinforce Wood 3
E. Prud'homme, P. Michaud, C. Peyratout, A. Smith, S. Rossignol, E. Joussein, and N. Sauvât

Effect of Curing Conditions on the Porosity Characteristics of Metakaolin-Fly Ash Geopolymers 11
Tammy L. Metroke, Michael V. Henley, and Michael I. Hammons

New Insights on Geopolymerisation using Molybdate, Raman, and Infrared Spectroscopy 17
C. H. Rüscher, E. Mielcarek, J. Wongpa, F. Jirasit, and W. Lutz

Transformation of Polysialate Matrixes from Al-Rich and Si-Rich Metakaolins: Polycondensation and Physico-Chemical Properties 35
Elie Kamseu and Cristina Leonelli

Effect of High Tensile Strength Polypropylene Chopped Fiber Reinforcements on the Mechanical Properties of Sodium Based Geopolymer Composites 47
Daniel R. Lowry and Waltraud M. Kriven

Properties of Basalt Fiber Reinforced Geopolymer Composites 51
E. Rill, D. R. Lowry, and W. M. Kriven

Novel Applications of Metal-Geopolymers 69
Oleg Bortnovsky, Petr Bezucha, Petr Sazama, Jiri Dëdecek, Zdena Tvarùzkovâ, and Zdenék Sobalik

Making Foamed Concretes from Fly Ash Based on Geopolymer Method 83
Nhi Tuan Pham and Hoang Huy Le

Preparation of Electrically Conductive Materials Based on Geopolymers with Graphite 91
Z. Cerny, I. Jakubec, P. Bezdicka, L. Sulc, J. Machacek, J. Bludskâ, and P. Roubicek

Effect of Synthesis Parameters and Post-Cure Temperature on the Mechanical Properties of Geopolymers Containing Slag 101
Tammy L. Metroke, Brian Evans, Jeff Eichler, Michael I. Hammons, and Michael V. Henley

COMPUTATIONAL DESIGN, MODELING, SIMULATION AND CHARACTERIZATION

Electronic Structure and Band-Gaps of Eu-Doped LaSi3N5 Ternary Nitrides 109
L. Benco, Z. Lences, and P. Sajgalik

First Principle Molecular Dynamic Simulations of Oxygen Plasma Etching of Organosilicate Low Dielectric Materials 119
Jincheng Du and Mrunal Chaudhari

Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulation of Cation Diffusion in Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia 127
Brian Good

Dynamic Neutron Diffraction Study of Thermal Stability and Self-Recovery in Aluminium Titanate 139
I. M. Low and Z. Oo

NANOLAMINATED TERNARY CARBIDES AND NITRIDES

Titanium and Aluminium Based Compounds as a Precursor for SHSofTi2AIN 153
L. Chlubny, J. Lis, and M. M. Bucko

Investigations on the Oxidation Behavior of Max-Phase Based Ti2AIC Coatings on 7-TiAI 161
Maik Fröhlich

Study of High-Temperature Thermal Stability of Max Phases in Vacuum 171
I. M. Low, W. K. Pang, S. J. Kennedy, and R. I. Smith

Detection of Amorphous Silica in Oxidized Maxthal Ti3SiC2 at 500-1000°C 181
W. K. Pang, I. M. Low, J. V. Hanna, and J. P. Palmquist

Author Index 191

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by Sanjay Mathur (Volume Editor), Tatsuki Ohji (Volume Editor)
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