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Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Small Animal Toxicology

Gary D. Osweiler (Editor), Lynn Hovda (Editor), Ahna Brutlag (Editor), Justine A. Lee (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-470-96126-1
888 pages
July 2011, Wiley-Blackwell


This exciting new addition to the popular Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult series presents essential information on the diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of important toxicoses. Using a succinct and accessible format, the book is organized by major categories of toxicants to aid in rapid differential diagnosis for suspected poisonings. All information is organized alphabetically for ease of use, while accompanying color photos aid in identification. The book’s quick-access, clinically-oriented presentation of vital information makes it an ideal guide to handling toxicoses in veterinary practice.

The book begins with introductory chapters on decontamination, emergency and supportive therapy, antidotes, and principles of diagnosis. Designed to help you quickly develop a differential diagnosis list; confirm the diagnosis; and manage therapeutic options in poisonings, Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Small Animal Toxicology is an invaluable resource for veterinary practitioners and students.

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Table of Contents


Contributor List.


Chapter 1 Decontamination and Detoxification of the Poisoned Patient.

Chapter 2 Emergency Management of the Poisoned Patient.

Chapter 3 Antidotes and Other Useful Drugs.

chapter 4 Laboratory Diagnostics for Toxicology.


Alcohols and Glycol Ethers.

Chapter 5 Alcohols (Ethanol, Methanol, Isopropanol).

Chapter 6 Ethylene Glycol.

Chapter 7 Propylene Glycol.

Construction and Industrial Materials.

Chapter 8 Glues/Adhesives.

Chapter 9 Hydrocarbons.

Chapter 10 Hydrofluoric Acid.

Drugs: Human Prescription.

Chapter 11 5-Fluorouracil.

Chapter 12 Albuterol.

Chapter 13 Amphetamines.

Chapter 14 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors.

Chapter 15 Atypical Antipsychotics.

Chapter 16 Baclofen.

Chapter 17 Benzodiazepines.

Chapter 18 Beta‑Blockers.

Chapter 19 Calcipotriene/Calcipotriol.

Chapter 20 Caclium Channel Blockers.

Chapter 21 Diuretics.

Chapter 22 Opioids.

Chapter 23 Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs).

Drugs: Illicit and Recreational.

Chapter 24 Club Drugs (MDMA, GHB, and Flunitrazapam).

Chapter 25 Cocaine.

Chapter 26 LSD (Lysergic Acid Diamide).

Chapter 27 Marijuana.

Chapter 28 Methamphetamine.

Chapter 29 Miscellaneous Hallucinogens and Dissociative Agents.

Chapter 30 Opioids (Illicit).

Chapter 31 PCP (Phencyclidine).

Drugs: Over-the-Counter.

Chapter 32 Acetaminophen.

Chapter 33 Antitussives/Expectorants (Dextromethorphan).

Chapter 34 Aspirin.

Chapter 35 Decongestants (Pseudoephedrine, Phenylephrine).

Chapter 36 Human NSAIDs (Ibuprofen, Naproxen, etc.).

Chapter 37 Imidazoline Decongestants.

Chapter 38 Nicotine/Tobacco.

Chapter 39 Vitamins and Minerals.

Drugs: Veterinary Prescription.

Chapter 40 Alpha2-Adrenergic Agonists (Detomidine, Dexmedetomidine, Xylazine, etc.).

Chapter 41 Ivermectin/Milbemycin/Moxidectin.

Chapter 42 Phenylpropanolamine (PPA).

Chapter 43 Pimobendan.

Chapter 44 Veterinary NS AIDs (Carprofen, Deracoxib, etc).


Chapter 45 Black Widow Spiders.

Chapter 46 Brown Recluse Spiders.

Chapter 47 Bufo Toads.

Chapter 48 Crotalids (Pit Vipers).

Chapter 49 Elapids (Coral Snakes).

Chapter 50 Scorpions.

Chapter 51 Wasps, Hornets, Bees.


Chapter 52 Bread Dough.

Chapter 53 Calcium Supplements.

Chapter 54 Chocolate and Caffeine.

Chapter 55 Grapes and Raisins.

Chapter 56 Hops.

Chapter 57 Macadamia Nuts.

Chapter 58 Mycotoxins—Aflatoxin.

Chapter 59 Mycotoxins—Tremorgenic.

Chapter 60 Onions and Garlic.

Chapter 61 Salt.

Chapter 62 Xylitol.

Foreign Objects.

Chapter 63 Foreign Bodies.

Garden, Yard, and Farm Chemicals.

Chapter 64 Blood and Bone Meal.

Chapter 65 Fertilizers.

Chapter 66 Herbicides.

Chapter 67 Methionine.

Chapter 68 Paraquat.


Chapter 69 Ephedra/Ma Huang.

Chapter 70 Essential Oils/Liquid Potpourri.

Chapter 71 Tea Tree/Melaleuca Oil.

Home Care and Recreational Products.

Chapter 72 Acids.

Chapter 73 Alkalis.

Chapter 74 Batteries.

Chapter 75 Matches and Fireworks.

Chapter 76 Mothballs.

Chapter 77 Paintballs.

Chapter 78 Phenols/Pine Oils.

Chapter 79 Soaps, Detergents, Fabric Softeners, Enzymatic Cleaners, and Deodorizers.

Insecticides and Molluscacides.

Chapter 80 Amitraz.

Chapter 81 Metaldehyde Snail and Slug Bait.

Chapter 82 Organophosphate and Carbamate Insecticides.

Chapter 83 Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids.

Metals and Metalloids.

Chapter 84 Iron.

Chapter 85 Lead.

Chapter 86 Zinc.

Non-Drug Consumer Products.

Chapter 87 Glow Jewelry (Dibutyl Phthalate).

Chapter 88 Fluoride.

Plants and Biotoxins.

Chapter 89 Blue-green Algae (Cyanobacteria).

Chapter 90 Cardiac Glycosides.

Chapter 91 Lilies.

Chapter 92 Mushrooms.

Chapter 93 Oxalates—Insoluble.

Chapter 94 Oxalates—Soluble.

Chapter 95 Rhododendrons Azaleas.

Chapter 96 Sago Palm.

Chapter 97 Yew.


Chapter 98 Anticoagulants.

Chapter 99 Bromethalin.

Chapter 100 Cholecalciferol.

Chapter 101 Phosphides.

Chapter 102 Strychnine.

Toxic Gases.

Chapter 103 Carbon Monoxide.

Chapter 104 S moke Inhalation.


App 1 Information Resources for Toxicology.

App 2 Equations.

App 3 Metallic Toxicants Table.

App 4 Toxic Plant Tables.

App 5 Topical Toxins Table.


Index by Toxicant.

Index by Clinical Signs.

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Author Information

Gary D. Osweiler, DVM, MS, PhD, DABVT is a Professor of Veterinary Toxicology in the College of Veterinary Medicine at Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

Lynn R. Hovda, RPH, DVM, MS, DACVIM is the Director of Veterinary Services at Pet Poison Helpline and SafetyCall International, PLLC in Minneapolis, Minnesota and an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine at University of Minnesota in St. Paul, Minnesota.

Ahna G. Brutlag, DVM, is the Assistant Director of Veterinary Services at Pet Poison Helpline and SafetyCall International, PLLC in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Justine A. Lee, DVM, DACVECC, is the Associate Director of Veterinary Services at Pet Poison Helpline and SafetyCall International, PLLC in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

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The Wiley Advantage

  • Presents vital information in a succinct, consistent, and accessible format
  • Offers in-depth information, clinical application, and appendix tables for quick differential diagnosis
  • Details over 100 specific toxicants, including 70 not found in Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline
  • Includes a wealth of color photos to aid in plant identification
  • Arranges important toxicants alphabetically within specific categories to enable rapid retrieval of information in an emergency situation
  • Provides essential information on diagnostics, therapeutics, and prevention of major toxicoses

  • Includes access to a companion Web site with supplementary resources, including review questions and clinical cases, at www.wiley.com/go/osweiler

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"The sheer variety of toxic elements that small pets can be exposed to both in the home and outside is eye-opening. Everything from bread dough to batteries to, depending on where you live, bufo toads can rapidly prove fatal. This book has been designed to help veterinary clinicians correctly diagnose and begin treating such cases in the shortest amount of time possible, and as such, it features a very clean and readable layout for quick accessibility." (Book News Inc., February 2011)

"Packs in key details on the diagnosis, therapy and prevention of toxicoses and is arranged by major categories of toxicants to aid in rapid diagnosis by poisonings. More in-depth detail is added from BLACKWELL'S FIVE-MINUTE VETERINARY CONSULT: CANINE AND FELINE, with over 70 additional toxicants covered, more clinical applications reviewed, and tables of detail added to appendixes for quick diagnosis. No practicing vet's clinic should be without!" (Midwest Book Review, February 2011)
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