Urban Design Ecologies: AD Reader
The discipline of urban design is undergoing a rapid expansion and realignment. It is experiencing a shift from a profession dominated by architects and planners, directed at urban development, to a more expansive set of practices engaging new forms of social and environmental ecologies, as cities worldwide adapt to economic restructuring, mass migrations and climate change. Bringing together classic and new texts from the last 40 years, this AD Reader focuses attention on the critical tools needed to understand how cities have been designed and constructed and then changed over time. This enables new ways of envisioning how cities must be conceived and adapted in the future to the dual conditions of rapid urbanisation and economic restructuring, coupled with unpredictable environmental conditions due to climate change.
With its emphasis on both urban design and the ecological, this book brings together key articles that point the way forward for reconciling the often conflicting concerns of urbanism and environmentalism. Twenty-three texts are organised into four distinct sections, covering metropolitan architecture, the sprawling megalopolis, the megacity and the recently emerging metacity. These are broadly chronological and highlight the recent thinking behind some of the key urban developments, ranging from the art of traditional city-making covered by European architects and historians in the late 20th century to contemporary Tokyo described by Atelier Bow-Wow.
- Features original texts from: Reyner Banham, Rem Koolhaas, Aldo Rossi, Colin Rowe, David Grahame Shane, Bernard Tschumi, Oswald Mathias Ungers, and Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown and Steven Izenour.
- Contains newly commissioned texts from: Mary Cadenasso, Sharon Haar and Victoria Marshall, Carlos Leite, Steward TA Pickett and Albert Pope.
- Includes new translations of important essays by Vittorio Gregotti and Paola Viganò.
- Topics range from the European historic city to the Las Vegas Strip and the megacity of São Paulo, taking in the global sustainable city.
FROM THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE CITY TO METROPOLITAN ARCHITECTURE
The Architecture of the City 16
Collage City 27
Colin Rowe and Fred Koetter
Cities Within the City 36
Oswald Mathias Ungers
Chicago à la Carte 48
Life in the Metropolis or The Culture of Congestion 60
The Making of Hong Kong 72
Barrie Shelton, Justyna Karakiewicz and Thomas Kvan
MEGALOPOLIS: THE NATURE OF SPRAWL
The Territory of Architecture 86
Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies 98
Learning From Las Vegas 108
Steven Izenour, Denise Scott Brown, Robert Venturi
An Urbanism of Reform 122
Mega Urban Ecologies 146
Sharon Haar and Victoria Marshall
Ecology of the City: A Perspective from Science 162
Steward TA Pickett
People as Infrastructure: Intersecting Fragments in Johannesburg
Bangkok: The Architecture of Three Ecologies 184
Sustainable Megacity Visions from São Paulo 196
Frugality and Urban Life 212
Design, Sustainability and the Global City 220
Christian Hubert and Ioanna Theocharopoulou
Situationist Space 238
The Manhattan Transcripts 248
The Fragmented Metropolis 260
David Grahame Shane
Designing Ecological Heterogeneity 272
The Elementary City 282
Made in Tokyo 300
Momoyo Kaijima, Junzo Kuroda, Yoshiharu Tsunamoro
Brian McGrath is an Associate Professor of Urban Design at Parsons The New School for Design in New York. He taught at Columbia University in the Urban Design Studios for 15 years in a programme that grew 500% in student population between 1991 and 2005. He was a Senior Fulbright Scholar in Thailand in 1998/99. He is currently a co-investigator on an interdisciplinary team on the Baltimore Ecosystem Study, a Long Term Ecological Research project where he coordinates a working group linking science research, public policy and design. McGrath has authored and contributed to many books and journals, he also teaches and lectures internationally.