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A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages

ISBN: 978-0-470-99732-1
768 pages
April 2008, Wiley-Blackwell
A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages (047099732X) cover image
This comprehensive reference volume features essays by some of the most distinguished scholars in the field.

  • Provides a comprehensive "who's who" guide to medieval philosophers.
  • Offers a refreshing mix of essays providing historical context followed by 140 alphabetically arranged entries on individual thinkers.
  • Constitutes an extensively cross-referenced and indexed source.
  • Written by a distinguished cast of philosophers.
  • Spans the history of medieval philosophy from the fourth century AD to the fifteenth century.
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List of Contributors.

Preface.

Chronological List.

Philosophy in the Middle Ages: An Introduction: Jorge J. E. Gracia (State University of New York at Buffalo).

Part I: The Historical Context:.

The Ancient Philosophical Legacy and its Transmission to the Middle Ages: Charles H. Lohr (University of Freibourg).

The Patristic Background: Stephen F. Brown (Boston College).

Philosophy in the Latin Christian West: 750-1050: Peter King (Ohio State University).

The School of Chartres: Winthrop Wetherbee (Cornell University).

Religious Orders: M. Michèle Mulchahey (Fordham University) and Timothy B. Noone (The Catholic University of America).

Scholasticism: Timothy B. Noone (The Catholic University of America).

The Parisian Condemnations of 1270 and 1277: John F. Wippel (The Catholic University of America).

Part II: The Authors:.

Adam de Wodeham: Rega Wood (Stanford University).

Adelard of Bath: Jeremiah Hackett (The Pennsylvania State University).

Alan of Lille: John Marenbon (Cambridge University).

Albert of Saxony: Edward Grant (Indiana University).

Albertus Magnus: Mechthild Dreyer (Albertus Magnus Institute, Cologne).

Albumasar (Abu Ma’shar): Jeremiah Hackett (South Carolina University).

Alexander of Hales: Christopher M. Cullen (Fordham University).

Alfarabi (Al-Farabi): Deborah L. Black (University of Toronto).

Algazali (Al-Ghazali): Thérèse-Anne Druart (The Catholic University of America).

Alhacen (Al-Hasan): David C. Lindberg (University of Wisconsin, Madison).

Alkindi (Al-Kindi): Jean Jolivet (University of Paris).

Alrazi (Al-Razi): Thérèse-Anne Druart (The Catholic University of America).

Anselm of Canterbury: Jasper Hopkins (University of Minnesota).

Arnaldus de Villanova: Francisco Bertelloni (University of Buenos Aires).

Augustine: Scott MacDonald (Cornell University).

Avempace (Ibn Bajjah): Idris Samawi Hamid (Colorado State University).

Avencebrol (Ibn Gabirol): Tamar Rudavsky (Ohio State University).

Averroes (Ibn Rushd): Richard C. Taylor (Marquette University).

Avicenna (Ibn Sina): David B. Burrell (University of Notre Dame).

Bernard of Clairvaux: Brian Patrick McGuire (Roskilde University, Denmark).

Berthold of Moosburg: Bruce Milem (University of Oregon).

Boethius: John Magee, (University of Toronto).

Boethius of Dacia: B. Carlos Bazán (University of Ottawa).

Bonaventure: Andreas Speer (University of Würzburg).

Dante Alighieri: Timothy B. Noone (The Catholic University of America).

Denys the Carthusian: Kent Emery, Jr. (University of Notre Dame).

Dietrich of Freiberg: Roland J. Teske (Marquette University).

Dominicus Gundissalinus: R. E. Houser (University of St. Thomas, Houston).

Durand of St. Pourçain: Russell L. Friedman (University of Copenhagen).

Francis of Marchia: Russell L. Friedman (University of Copenhagen).

Francis of Meyronnes: Roberto Lambertini (University of Macerata).

Gabriel Biel: Russell L. Friedman (University of Copenhagen).

Gaetano of Thiene: Stephen E. Lahey (Le Moyne College).

Gersonides: Sarah Pessin (Ohio State University).

Gilbert of Poitiers: John Marenbon (Cambridge University).

Giles of Rome: Silvia Donati (University of Padua).

Godfrey of Fontaines: John F. Wippel (The Catholic University of America).

Gonsalvo of Spain: A. G. Traver (Southeastern Louisiana University).

Gregory of Rimini: Jack Zupko (Emory University).

Guido Terrena: Francisco Bertelloni (University of Buenos Aires).

Hasdai Crescas: Tamar Rudavsky (Ohio State University).

Henry of Ghent: R. Wielockx (Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, Rome).

Henry of Harclay: Mark G. Henninger (University of Detroit).

Hervaeus Natalis: Roland J. Teske (Marquette University).

Heymeric of Camp: Peter J. Cassarella (The Catholic University of America).

Hildegard of Bingen: Bruce Milem (University of Oregon).

Hugh of St. Victor: Michael Gorman (The Catholic University of America).

Isaac Israeli: Sarah Pessin (Ohio State University).

Isidore of Seville: Sandro D’Onofrio (University of San Ignacio).

James of Metz: Russell L. Friedman (University of Copenhagen).

James of Viterbo: Mark D. Gossiaux (St. John’s University).

Jean de la Rochelle: Gérard Sondag (University Blaise-Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand).

Jerome of Prague: Jonathan J. Sanford (Fordham University).

John Baconthorpe: Richard Cross (Oxford University).

John Buridan: Gyula Klima (Fordham University).

John Capreolus: Kevin White (The Catholic University of America).

John Dumbleton: Edith Dudley Sylla (North Carolina State University, Raleigh).

John Duns Scotus: Stephen Dumont (University of Notre Dame).

John Gerson: James B. South (Marquette University).

John of Jandun: James B. South (Marquette University).

John of Mirecourt: Mauricio Beuchot (National University of Mexico).

John of Paris: Russell L. Friedman (University of Copenhagen).

John Pecham: Girard Etzkorn (St. Bonaventure University).

John Philoponus: James B. South (Marquette University).

John of Reading: Kimberly Georgedes (Franciscan University, Steubenville).

John of Salisbury: C. H. Kneepkens (University of Groningen).

John Scotus Eriugena: Carlos Steel (Leuven University) and D. W. Hadley (University of Dallas).

John Wyclif: John D. Kronen (University of St. Thomas, St. Paul).

Landulph Caracciolo: Christopher Schabel (University of Cyprus).

Marsilius of Inghen: Maarten J. F. M. Hoenen (Catholic University, Nijmegen).

Marsilius of Padua: Francisco Bertelloni (University of Buenos Aires).

Martin of Dacia: José Luis Rivera (Catholic University of America).

Matthew of Aquasparta: R. E. Houser (University of St. Thomas, Houston).

Maximus Confessor: Eric D. Perl (Catholic University of America).

Meister Eckhart: Jan A. Aertsen (University of Cologne).

Michael of Massa: Christopher Schabel (University of Cyprus).

Moses Maimonides: Alfred L. Ivry (New York University).

Nicholas of Autrecourt: Mauricio Beuchot (National University of Mexico).

Nicholas of Cusa: Louis Dupré (Yale University) and Nancy Hudson (Yale University).

Nicole Oresme: Edward Grant (Indiana University).

Paul of Pergula: Stephen E. Lahey (Le Moyne College).

Paul of Venice: Alan Perreiah (University of Kentucky).

Peter Abelard: John Marenbon (Cambridge University).

Peter Auriol: Lauge Olaf Nielsen (University of Copenhagen).

Peter of Auvergne: Robert Andrews (University of Stockholm).

Peter of Candia: Christopher Schabel (University of Cyprus).

Peter Ceffons: Christopher Schabel (University of Cyprus).

Peter Damian: Jonathan J. Sanford (Fordham University).

Peter Helias: C. H. Kneepkens (University of Groningen).

Peter Lombard: Philipp W. Rosemann (University of Dallas).

Peter Olivi: François-Xavier Putallaz (University of Fribourg).

Peter de Rivo: Christopher Schabel (University of Cyprus).

Peter of Spain: Gyula Klima (Fordham University).

Peter the Venerable: Jonathan J. Sanford (Fordham University).

Philip the Chancellor: R. E. Houser (University of St. Thomas, Houston).

Pierre d’Ailly: Richard A. Lee, Jr. (The Pennsylvania State University).

Pierre de Maricourt: José Luis Rivera (The Catholic University of America).

Pseudo-Dionysius: Eric D. Perl (The Catholic University of America).

Radulphus Brito: Gordon A. Wilson (University of North Carolina, Asheville).

Ralph Strode: Kimberly Georgedes (Franciscan University, Steubenville).

Ramon Llull: Charles H. Lohr (University of Fribourg).

Richard Brinkley: Kimberley Georgedes (Franciscan University, Steubenville).

Richard of Campsall: Kimberly Georgedes (Franciscan University, Steubenville).

Richard Fishacre: R. James Long (Fairfield University).

Richard Fitzralph: Kimberly Georgedes (Franciscan University, Steubenville).

Richard Kilvington: Edith Dudley Sylla (North Carolina State University, Raleigh).

Richard of Middleton: Richard Cross (Oxford University).

Richard Rufus of Cornwall: Rega Wood (Stanford University).

Richard of St. Victor: Kent Emery, Jr. (University of Notre Dame).

Richard Swineshead: Edith Dudley Sylla (North Carolina State University, Raleigh).

Robert Grosseteste: Neil Lewis (Georgetown University).

Robert of Halifax: Kimberly Georgedes (Franciscan University, Steubenville).

Robert Holcot: Kimberly Georgedes (Franciscan University, Steubenville).

Robert Kilwardby: A. Broadie (University of Glasgow).

Roger Bacon: Jeremiah Hackett (South Carolina University).

Roger Marston: Gordon A. Wilson (University of North Carolina, Asheville).

Saadiah: Sarah Pessin (Ohio State University).

Siger of Brabant: B. Carlos Bazán (University of Ottawa).

Simon of Faversham: John A. Longeway (University of Wisconsin, Parkside).

Thomas Aquinas: Brian Davies (Fordham University).

Thomas Bradwardine: Stephen E. Lahey (Le Moyne College).

Thomas of Erfurt: Mauricio Beuchot (National University of Mexico).

Thomas of Sutton: Gyula Klima (Fordham University).

Thomas Wilton: Cecilia Trifogli (Oxford University).

Ulrich of Strasbourgh: Kent Emery, Jr (University of Notre Dame).

Vital du Four: A. G. Traver (Southeastern Louisiana University).

Walter Burley: M. C. Sommers (University of St. Thomas, Houston).

Walter Chatton: Girard J. Etzkorn (St. Bonaventure University).

William of Alnwick: Stephen D. Dumont (University of Notre Dame).

William Arnaud: Stephen E. Lahey (Le Moyne College).

William of Auvergne: Roland J. Teske (Marquette University).

William of Auxerre: Jack Zupko (Emory University).

William of Champeaux: John Marenbon (Cambridge University).

William Crathorn: Robert Pasnau (University of Colorado).

William Heytesbury: John Longeway (University of Wisconsin, Parkside).

William of Ockham: Timothy B. Noone (The Catholic University of America).

William of Sherwood: John Longeway (University of Wisconsin, Parkside).

William of Ware: Richard Cross (Oxford University).

Select Topical Bibliography.

Index of Names.

Index of Subjects.

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Jorge J. E. Gracia is Samuel P. Capen Chair and Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Buffalo. He is author of several books, including Hispanic/Latino Identity (Blackwell, 2000) and How Can We Know What God Means? (2001). He is the editor, with Gregory M. Reichberg and Bernard N. Schumacher, of The Classics of Western Philosophy (Blackwell, 2003).

Timothy B. Noone is Ordinary Professor of Philosophy at The Catholic University of America. His books include Ioannes Duns Scoti, Quaestiones super librum Porphyrii, Quaestiones super Praedicamenta (1999).

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  • Provides a comprehensive 'who's who' guide to medieval philosophers.
  • Offers a refreshing mix of essays providing historical context followed by 140 alphabetically arranged entries on individual thinkers.
  • Constitutes an extensively cross-referenced and indexed source.
  • Written by a distinguished cast of philosophers.
  • Spans the history of medieval philosophy from the fourth century AD to the fifteenth century.
See More
"Having these key figures present in one volume is sorely needed in the field, and this book provides...a one-volume reference work to fill the gap. As part of the Blackwell Companions to Philosophy series, I highly recommend this work." Reference Reviews

"A very useful tool indeed both for specialists and amateurs! It brings together a remarkable bunch among the best scholars in the field from all over the world. The information is rich, precise, and up-to-date; yet the arrangement of the material is simple and handy." Claude Panaccio, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières <!--end-->


"An unparalleled source of information on the lives and thought of no fewer than 138 medieval Christian, Islamic, and Jewish philosophers. There are substantial essays here on the well-known heavyweights, such as Augustine, Averroes, Aquinas, Maimonides, and Ockham, but also useful accounts of the somewhat less well known, and the essential minimum on the various shadowy figures of the period, such as Berthold of Moosburg and William of Ware. This book is a ‘must-have’ for any serious student of medieval philosophy or theology." Gareth B. Matthews, University of Massachusetts, Amherst


"This volume is a welcome addition to the currently available reference works on medieval philosophy. Its well-written historical articles and its concise and helpful entries on almost 140 medieval philosophers makes this book an indispensable scholarly tool for specialists and non-specialists alike." Eleonore Stump, St. Louis University

"This is an impressive collection of work on a perennially underappreciated period of philosophical thought, and I will certainly be recommending it both to my students and to colleagues as a valuable resource in gaining familiarity with medieval thought, within and without the Latin West." - Christina Van Dyke, Calvin College

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