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Surface Science: Foundations of Catalysis and Nanoscience, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-0-470-99781-9
500 pages
April 2008
Surface Science: Foundations of Catalysis and Nanoscience, 2nd Edition (0470997818) cover image
Surface chemistry is an essential and developing area of physical chemistry and one that has become increasingly interdisciplinary. The Second Edition of Surface Science: Foundations of Catalysis and Nanoscience has been fully revised and updated to reflect all the latest developments in the field and now includes an extensive discussion about nanoparticle growth and the quantum confinement effects in nanoscale systems. Two new chapters have been added and discuss The Liquid/Solid Interface and Non-Thermal Reactions, and Photon and Electron Stimulated Chemistry and Atom Manipulation. There are now many more worked examples included throughout to help students develop their problem-solving skills.
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Acknowledgements.

Introduction.

1. Bulk and Surface Structure.

1.1. Clean Surface Structure.

1.2. Reconstruction and Adsorbate Structure.

1.3. Band Structure of Solids.

1.4. the Vibratins of Solids.

1.5. Summary of Important Concepts.

1.6. Frontiers and Challenges.

1.7. Further Reading.

1.8. Exercises.

References.

2. Experimental Probes and Techniques.

2.1. Ultrahigh Vacuum.

2.2. Light and Electron Sources.

2.3. Molecular Beams.

2.4. Scanning Probe Techniques.

2.5. Low Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED).

2.6. Electron Spectroscopy.

2.7. Vibration Spectroscopy.

2.8. Other Surface Analytical Techniques.

2.9. Summary of Important Concepts.

2.10. Frontiers and Challenges.

2.11. Further Reading.

2.12. Exercises.

References.

3. Chemisorption, Physisorption and Dynamics.

3.1. Types of Interactions.

3.2. Binding Sites and Diffusion.

3.3. physisorption.

3.4. Nondissociative Chemisorption.

3.5. Dissociative Chemisorption: H2 on a Simple Metal.

3.6. What Determines the Reactivity of Metals?

3.7. Atoms and Molecules Incident on a Surface.

3.8. Microscopic Reversibility in Ad/desorption Phenomena.

3.9. The Influence of Individual Degrees of Freedom on Adsorption and Desorption.

3.10. Translations, Corrugation, Surface Atom Motions.

3.11. Rotatins and Adsorption.

3.12. Vibrations and Adsorption.

3.13. Competitive Adsorptin and Collision Induced Processes.

3.14. Classificatin of Reactin Mechanisms.

3.15. Measurement of Sticking Coefficeints.

3.16. Summary of Important Concepts.

3.17. Frontiers and Challenges.

3.18. Further Reading.

3.19. Exercises.

4. Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Adsorption and Desporption.

4.1. Thermodynamics of Ad/desorption.

4.2. Adsorption Isotherms from Thermodynamics.

4.3. Lateral Interactions.

4.4. Rate of Desorption.

4.5. Kinetics of Adsorption.

4.6. Adsorption Isotherms from Kinetics.

4.7. Temperature Programmed Desorption (TPD).

4.8. Summary of Important Concepts.

4.9. Frontiers and Challenges.

4.10. Further Reading.

4.11. Exercises.

References.

5. Liquid Interfaces.

5.1. Structure of the Liquid/Said Interface.

5.2. Surface Energy and Surface tension.

5.3. Liquid Films.

5.4. Langmuir Films.

5.5. Langmuir-Blodgett Films.

5.6. Self-assembled Monolayers (SAMs).

5.7. thermodynamics of Liquid Interfaces.

5.8. Electrified and Charged Interfaces.

5.9. Summary of Important Concepts.

5.10. Frontiers and Challenges.

5.11. Further Reading.

5.12. Exercises.

References.

6. Heterogeneous Catalysis.

6.1. The Prominence of Heterogeneous Reactions.

6.2. Measurement of Surface Kinetics and reaction Mechanisms.

6.3. Haber-Bosch Process.

6.4. From Microscopic Kinetics to Catalysis.

6.5. Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis and Related Chemistry.

6.6. The Three-Way Automotive Catalyst.

6.7. Promoters.

6.8. Poisons.

6.9. Bimetallic and Bifuncionall Catalysts.

6.10. Rate Oscillations and Spatiotemporal Pattern Formation.

6.11. Sabatier Analysis and Optimal Catalysts Selection.

6.12. Summary of Important Concepts.

6.13. Frontiers and Challenges.

6.14. Further Reading.

6.15. Exercises.

References.

7. Growth and Epitaxy.

7.1. Stress and Strain.

7.2. Types of Interfaces.

7.3. Surface Energy, Surface tension and Strain Energy.

7.4. Growth Modes.

7.5. Nucleation Theory.

7.6. Growth Away from equilibrium.

7.7. Techniques for Growing Layers.

7.8. catalytic Growth of Nanotubes and Nonwhites.

7.9. Etching.

7.10. Summary of Important Concepts.

7.11. Frontiers and Challenges.

7.12. Further Reading.

7.13. Exercises.

References.

8. Laser and Nonthermal Chemistry: Photon and Electron Stimulated chemistry and Atom Manipulation.

8.1. Photon Excitation of Surfaces.

8.2. Mechanisms of electron and Photon Stimulated Processes.

8.3. Photon and electron Induced Chemistry at Surfaces.

8.4. Charge Transfer and Electrochemistry.

8.5. Tip Induced Process: Mechanisms of Atom Manipulation.

8.6. Summary of Important Concepts.

8.7. Frontiers and Challenges.

8.8. Further Reading.

8.9. Exercises.

References.

Appendix: Fundamental Constants and Conversion Factors.

Appendix II: Abbreviations.

Appendix III: Symbols.

Appendix IV: Useful Mathematical Expressions.

Index.

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  • Fully revised and updated to include more worked examples and many new exercises to help develop problem-solving skills
  • Now includes more material on ‘nano’ with more extensive discussion on nanoparticle growth and quantum confinement effects in nanoscale systems
  • Two new chapters on Liquid/Solid Interface and Non-Thermal Reactions and Photon and Electron Stimulated Chemistry
See More
  • Fully revised and updated to include more worked examples and many new exercises to help develop problem-solving skills.
  • Now includes more material on ‘nano’ with more extensive discussion on nanoparticle growth and quantum confinement effects in nanoscale systems.
  • Two new chapters on Liquid/Solid Interface and Non-Thermal Reactions and Photon and Electron Stimulated Chemistry.
  • Provides a modern, molecular view of surfaces combined with a careful pedagogical approach to chemical reaction dynamics.
  • Introduces both theoretical and experimental techniques including a detailed explanation of growth and etching.
  • Includes numerous examples of the relevance of surface chemistry to industrial processes combined with end of chapter problems and an extensive bibliography.
  • Author website associated with the book (http://faculty.virginia.edu/surfacescience/) that includes supplementary material, figures from the book and references to other key websites that may be of interest.
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"This book should be compulsory reading for every postgraduate student starting to do research in surface science and is probably the best book on the market for undergraduate students." (The Higher Education Academy Physical Sciences Centre, December 2008)
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