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Forest Mensuration, 4th Edition

ISBN: 978-0-471-01850-6
456 pages
December 2002
Forest Mensuration, 4th Edition (0471018503) cover image


The new, revised edition of the standard volume on forest measurement

The updated edition of this long-standing classic, Forest Mensuration, Fourth Edition, provides new, complete coverage of current measurement practices and technological applications that expand the role of forest mensuration to include monitoring forest resources. This integrated approach takes into account all the resources of a forest, including such nontimber vegetation parameters as regeneration, lesser vegetation, woody detritus, and carbon.

Providing solid working knowledge of all concepts and methods, along with guidance for further study, featured material includes:
* Applications of personal computers, global positioning, and GIS
* Key concepts of tree-stand parameters and principles of measurement
* Fundamental concepts of sampling methods
* English and metric units

Forest Mensuration, Fourth Edition, is a valuable resource for students in forestry and forestry-related studies.
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Table of Contents


1 Introduction.

1-1. Role of Forest Mensuration in Forest Management.

1-2. Forest Mensuration as a Tool for Monitoring Forests.

2 Principles of Measurement.

2-1. Scales of Measurement.

2-2. Units of Measurement.

2-3. Systems of Measurement.

2-4. Variables.

2-5. Precision, Accuracy, and Bias.

2-6. Signi.cant Digits and Rounding O.

2-7. Data Summary and Presentation.

2-8. Fundamental Measurements.

3 Basic Statistical Concepts.

3-1. Descriptive Statistics.

3-2. Frequency Distributions.

3-3. Measures of Central Tendency.

3-4. Measures of Dispersion.

3-5. Sampling Error.

3-6. Sample Size Determination.

3-7. Estimation of Totals.

3-8. Regression and Correlation.

3-9. Hypothesis Testing.

4 Land Area Determination.

4-1. Land Distance and Area Units.

4-2. Measuring Distances.

4-3. Measuring Area in the Field.

4-4. Measuring Area Using Maps and Photos.

4-5. Determination of Photo Scale.

4-6. Determination of Direction Using a Compass.

4-7. U.S. Public Land Surveys.

4-8. Global Positioning Systems.

4-9. Geographic Information Systems.

5 Individual Tree Parameters.

5-1. Age.

5-2. Tree Diameters and Areas.

5-3. Height.

5-4. Form.

5-5. Crown Parameters.

6 Determination of Tree Volume.

6-1. Determination of Cubic Volume.

6-2. Volume Tables.

6-3. Construction of Volume Tables.

6-4. Volume Distribution in Trees.

7 Determination of Tree Weight.

7-1. Factors In.uencing Wood Weight Estimates.

7-2. Tree Weight Relationships.

8 Stand Parameters.

8-1. Age.

8-2. Species Composition.

8-3. Diameter.

8-4. Height.

8-5. Density and Stocking.

8-6. Volume and Weight.

8-7. Site Quality.

9 Measurement of Primary Forest Products.

9-1. Units of Measurement.

9-2. Log Rules.

9-3. Board-Foot Log Rules.

9-4. Cubic-Volume Log Rules.

9-5. Log Scaling.

9-6. Scaling Stacked Volume.

9-7. Volume Unit Conversion.

9-8. Scaling by Weight.

10 Nontimber Forest Vegetation Parameters.

10-1. Understory Vegetation.

10-2. Woody Detritus.

10-3. Forest Vegetation for Wildlife Management.

10-4. Forest Biomass.

10-5. Carbon Content.

11 Sampling Units for Estimating Parameters.

11-1. The Factor Concept.

11-2. Fixed-Area Plots.

11-3. Sampling Units with Variable Probability.

11-4. Distance-Based Sampling Units.

11-5. Selecting Appropriate Sampling Units.

12 Forest Inventory.

12-1. Timber Estimation.

12-2. Nontimber Estimation.

12-3. Inventory Planning.

12-4. Forest Inventory Design.

12-5. Inventory Fieldwork.

12-6. Calculation and Compilation.

13 Sampling Designs in Forest Inventories.

13-1. Basic Considerations.

13-2. Simple Random Sampling.

13-3. Ratio and Regression Sampling.

13-4. Cluster Sampling.

13-5. Strati.ed Random Sampling.

13-6. Multistage Sampling.

13-7. Double Sampling.

13-8. Nonrandom Sampling.

13-9. Repeated Sampling in Forest Inventory.

14 Inventory Using Sampling with Varying Probability.

14-1. Horizontal Point Sampling.

14-2. List Sampling.

14-3. 3P Sampling.

15 Growth of the Tree.

15-1. Growth Curves.

15-2. Height and Diameter Growth.

15-3. Determination of Diameter Growth from Increment Cores.

15-4. Stem Analysis.

15-5. Areal and Volume Growth.

15-6. E.ects of Environmental Factors on Growth.

15-7. Growth Percentage.

16 Stand Growth and Yield.

16-1. Elements of Stand Growth.

16-2. Growth and Yield Models.

16-3. Using Stand Growth and Yield Models.

16-4. Assessing Stand Growth and Yield in Forest Inventories.



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Author Information

BERTRAM HUSCH, PhD, is Forestry Consultant at INFORA Estudios Ltda. in Santiago, Chile, and former professor of forestry at the University of New Hampshire.
THOMAS W. BEERS, PhD, is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Forestry and Natural Resources at Purdue University.
JOHN A. KERSHAW, JR., PhD, is Professor of Forest Mensuration in the Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management at the University of New Brunswick in Canada.
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