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Carbonate Stone: Chemical Behavior, Durability, and Conservation

ISBN: 978-0-471-17977-1
284 pages
October 1999
Carbonate Stone: Chemical Behavior, Durability, and Conservation (0471179779) cover image


A Practical, Quantitative Approach to Conservation Methodology What can be done about the harmful effects of industrial pollutants on carbonate stone monuments, buildings, and sites? Here is an important guide to this phenomenon of the twentieth century. Written by two conservation technology experts with an intimate knowledge of the restoration of major world monuments, Carbonate Stone: Chemical Behavior, Durability, and Conservation covers:
* Properties of carbonate rocks affecting the weathering of stone
* Weathering mechanisms in polluted and natural environments, plus biodeterioration
* Mathematical modeling for reaction rates and durability factors
* The use of porosimetry in determining rock durability
* Conservation methodologies from the real world
* The theory of neural networks and their application to correlate large volumes of chemical and physical data
* Application of archaeology to geochronology
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Table of Contents

Origin, Occurrence, Properties, and Classification of Carbonate Rocks.

Noncarbonate Minerals in Carbonate Rocks.

Structural Deformation of Carbonate Rocks.

Weathering of Carbonate Rocks in Natural Environments.

Chemical Weathering by Dry Deposition in Polluted Environments.

Kinetics and Modeling Decay Rates of Carbonate Rocks in Polluted Environments.


Methods of Characterization of Limestone and Dolostone by Mercury Porosimetry.

Durability of the Sphinx Limestone.

Conservation of Carbonate Structures.

Geoarchaeology and the Age of the Sphinx.



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Author Information

K. LAL GAURI, PhD, a Professor Emeritus at the University of Louisville, obtained a PhD in geology at the University of Bonn, Germany. After postdoctoral research at California Institute of Technology, he joined the University of Louisville in 1966, retiring in 1998. A permanent member of the committee of the International Congress on Deterioration and Preservation of Stone Objects, Dr. Gauri was president of its Fourth Congress, held in Louisville in 1982. He was the president of Sigma-Xi's Louisville chapter in 1974 and 1994. JAYANTA K. BANDYOPADHYAY, PhD, received his PhD in chemical engineering from Jadavpur University, India. As a research fellow at National Chemical Laboratory, he came to join Dr. Gauri as a research associate in 1993. He is presently a Research Engineer at United Catalysts, USA. He is a life member of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers and a member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and the American Chemical Society. Dr. Bandyopadhyay has contributed to the modeling techniques described in this book, in addition to writing the Web component of the book.
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"a useful addition to the novice and experienced conservation scientist working on stone." (Talanta, Vol 52, 2000)
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