Principles of Electric Machines with Power Electronic Applications, 2nd EditionISBN: 9780471208129
496 pages
June 2002, WileyIEEE Press

Description
All machines have power requirements, and finding the right balance of economy and performance can be a challenge to engineers. Principles of Electric Machines with Power Electronic Applications provides a thorough grounding in the principles of electric machines and the closely related area of power electronics and adjustable speed drives. Designed for both students and professionals seeking a foundation in the fundamental structure of modernday electric power systems from a technical perspective, this lucid, succinct guide has been completely revised and updated to cover:
* The fundamental underpinnings of electromechanical energy conversion devices
* Transformers
* Induction machines
* Synchronous machines
* DC machines
* Power electronic components, systems, and their applications to adjustable speed drives
Enhanced by numerous solved problems, sample examinations and test sets, and computerbased solutions assisted by MATLAB scripts, this new edition of Principles of Electric Machines with Power Electronic Applications serves equally well as a practical reference and a handy selfstudy guide to help engineers maintain their professional edge in this essential field.
Table of Contents
PREFACE ix
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Electric Machines 1
1.2 Roots in Observation 2
1.3 Beginnings 3
1.4 Foundations of Electromagnetism 5
1.5 The Dawn of Electrodynamics 7
1.6 Early Electric Generators 9
1.7 Early Electric Motors 10
1.8 Alternating Current 11
1.9 Power Electronics: Scope and A Brief History 13
1.10 Structure of the Power System 18
1.11 Outline of the Text 21
Chapter 2 PRINCIPLES OF ELECTROMAGNETISM AND ELECTROMECHANICAL ENERGY CONVERSION 23
2.1 Introduction 23
2.2 MagneticField Laws 24
2.3 Permeability and MagneticField Intensity 31
2.4 Magnetic Circuits 35
2.5 Flux Linkages, Induced Voltages, Inductance, and Energy 50
2.6 Hysteresis Loop 54
2.7 EddyCurrent and Core Losses 59
2.8 Energy Flow Approach 60
2.9 Field Energy 64
2.10 Multiply Excited Systems 69
2.11 Reluctance Motors 72
2.12 Doubly Excited Systems 75
2.13 SalientPole Machines 77
2.14 Round or Smooth AirGap Machines 80
2.15 MachineType Classification 84
2.16 PPole Machines 85
Problems 89
Chapter 3 POWER ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND SYSTEMS 103
3.1 Introduction 103
3.2 Power Semiconductor Devices 103
3.3 Control Characteristics of Power Devices 106
3.4 Power Semiconductor Diodes 108
3.5 Power Transistors 115
3.6 The Thyristors 138
3.7 Power Electronic Systems 175
3.8 Power Integrated Circuits and Smart Power 178
Problems 179
Chapter 4 DIRECTCURRENT MOTORS 183
4.1 Introduction 183
4.2 Construction Features 184
4.3 Circuit Model of dc Generator 185
4.4 Circuit Model of dc Motors 187
4.5 dc Series Motors 190
4.6 dc Shunt Motors 203
4.7 Compound Motors 212
4.8 Motor and Load Matching 224
4.9 Conventional Speed Control of dc Motors 224
4.10 Reversal of Direction of Rotation 241
4.11 Starting dc Motors 241
4.12 Adjustable Speed dc Motor Drives 251
4.13 acdc Drives for dc Motors 255
4.14 dcdc Drives for dc Motors 261
Problems 265
Chapter 5 TRANSFORMERS 273
5.1 Introduction 273
5.2 Ideal Transformers 274
5.3 Transformer Models 278
5.4 Transformer Performance Measures 286
5.5 SinglePhase Connections 292
5.6 ThreeWinding Transformers 296
5.7 ThreePhase Systems and Transformer Connections 300
5.8 Autotransformers 313
Problems 316
Chapter 6 INDUCTION MOTORS AND THEIR CONTROL 323
6.1 Introduction 323
6.2 MMF Waves and the Rotating Magnetic Field 324
6.3 Slip 329
6.4 Equivalent Circuits 331
6.5 Simplified Equivalent Circuits 334
6.6 Torque Characteristics 338
6.7 Some Useful Relations 341
6.8 Internal Mechanical Power 344
6.9 Effects of Rotor Impedance 348
6.10 Classification of Induction Motors 351
6.11 Starting Induction Motors 354
6.12 Conventional Speed Control of Induction Motors 362
6.13 Adjustable Speed Drives: General Considerations 370
6.14 VariableVoltageConstantFrequency Drives 372
6.15 VariableVoltageVariableFrequency Drives 376
6.16 dcLinkConverter Drives 381
6.17 VoltageFed Inverter Drives 383
6.18 CurrentFed Inverter Drives 385
6.19 Cycloconverter Drives 386
6.20 Regulation of Slip Power 387
Problems 389
Chapter 7 SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES 397
7.1 Introduction 397
7.2 RoundRotor Machines: Equivalent Circuit 401
7.3 Armature Reaction 406
7.4 Principal SteadyState Characteristics 410
7.5 Power Angle Characteristics and the InfiniteBus Concept 415
7.6 SynchronousMotor Operation 423
7.7 SalientPole Machines 430
Problems 437
Chapter 8 FRACTIONALHORSEPOWER ALTERNATING CURRENT MOTORS 443
8.1 Introduction 443
8.2 Rotating Magnetic Fields in SinglePhase Induction Motors 443
8.3 Equivalent Circuits for SinglePhase Induction Motors 448
8.4 Power and Torque Relations 454
8.5 Starting SinglePhase Induction Motors 459
Problems 473
BIBLIOGRAPHY 475
INDEX 477