Textbook
An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications, Volume 2, 2nd EditionISBN: 9780471257097
704 pages
January 1991, ©1971

Description
The classic text for understanding complex statistical probability
An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications offers comprehensive explanations to complex statistical problems. Delving deep into densities and distributions while relating critical formulas, processes and approaches, this rigorous text provides a solid grounding in probability with practice problems throughout. Heavy on application without sacrificing theory, the discussion takes the time to explain difficult topics and how to use them. This new second edition includes new material related to the substitution of probabilistic arguments for combinatorial artifices as well as new sections on branching processes, Markov chains, and the DeMoivreLaplace theorem.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. Densities. Convolutions
3. The Exponential Density
4. Waiting Time Paradoxes. The Poisson Process
5. The Persistence of Bad Luck
6. Waiting Times and Order Statistics
7. The Uniform Distribution
8. Random Splittings
9. Convolutions and Covering Theorems
10. Random Directions
11. The Use of Lebesgue Measure
12. Empirical Distributions
13. Problems for Solution
Chapter II Special Densities. Randomization
1. Notations and Conventions
2. Gamma Distributions
3. Related Distributions of Statistics
4. Some Common Densities
5. Randomization and Mixtures
6. Discrete Distributions
7. Bessel Functions and Random Walks
8. Distributions on a Circle
9. Problems for Solution
Chapter III Densities in Higher Dimensions. Normal Densities and Processes
1. Densities
2. Conditional Distributions
3. Return to the Exponential and the Uniform Distributions
4. A Characterization of the Normal Distribution
5. Matrix Notation. The Covariance Matrix
6. Normal Densities and Distributions
7. Stationary Normal Processes
8. Markovian Normal Densities
9. Problems for Solution
Chapter IV Probability Measures and Spaces
1. Baire Functions
2. Interval Functions and Integrals in R^{r}
3. σAlgebras. Measurability
4. Probability Spaces. Random Variables
5. The Extension Theorem
6. Product Spaces. Sequences of Independent Variables
7. Null Sets. Completion
Chapter V Probability Distributions in R^{r}
1. Distributions and Expectations
2. Preliminaries
3. Densities
4. Convolutions
5. Symmetrization
6. Integration by Parts. Existence of Moments
7. Chebyshev’s Inequality
8. Further Inequalities. Convex Functions
9. Simple Conditional Distributions. Mixtures
10. Conditional Distributions
11. Conditional Expectations
12. Problems for Solution
Chapter VI A Survey of Some Important Distributions and Processes
1. Stable Distributions in R^{1}
2. Examples
3. Infinitely Divisible Distributions in R^{1}
4. Processes with Independent Increments
5. Ruin Problems in Compound Poisson Processes
6. Renewal Processes
7. Examples and Problems
8. Random Walks
9. The Queuing Process
10. Persistent and Transient Random Walks
11. General Markov Chains
12. Martingales
13. Problems for Solution
Chapter VII Laws of Large Numbers. Applications in Analysis
1. Main Lemma and Notations
2. Bernstein Polynomials. Absolutely Monotone Functions
3. Moment Problems
4. Application to Exchangeable Variables
5. Generalized Taylor Formula and SemiGroups
6. Inversion Formulas for Laplace Transforms
7. Laws of Large Numbers for Identically Distributed Variables
8. Strong Laws
9. Generalization to Martingales
10. Problems for Solution
Chapter VIII The Basic Limit Theorems
1. Convergence of Measures
2. Special Properties
3. Distributions as Operators
4. The Central Limit Theorem
5. Infinite Convolutions
6. Selection Theorems
7. Ergodic Theorems for Markov Chains
8. Regular Variation
9. Asymptotic Properties of Regularly Varying Functions
10. Problems for Solution
Chapter IX Infinitely Divisible Distributions and SemiGroups
1. Orientation
2. Convolution SemiGroups
3. Preparatory Lemmas
4. Finite Variances
5. The Main Theorems
6. Example: Stable SemiGroups
7. Triangular Arrays with Identical Distributions
8. Domains of Attraction
9. Variable Distributions. The ThreeSeries Theorem
10. Problems for Solution
Chapter X Markov Processes and SemiGroups
1. The PseudoPoisson Type
2. A Variant: Linear Increments
3. Jump Processes
4. Diffusion Processes in R^{1}
5. The Forward Equation. Boundary Conditions
6. Diffusion in Higher Dimensions
7. Subordinated Processes
8. Markov Processes and SemiGroups
9. The "Exponential Formula" of SemiGroup Theory
10. Generators. The Backward Equation
Chapter XI Renewal Theory
1. The Renewal Theorem
2. Proof of the Renewal Theorem
3. Refinements
4. Persistent Renewal Processes
5. The Number N_{t} of Renewal Epochs
6. Terminating (Transient) Processes
7. Diverse Applications
8. Existence of Limits in Stochastic Processes
9. Renewal Theory on the Whole Line
10. Problems for Solution
Chapter XII Random Walks in R^{1}
1. Basic Concepts and Notations
2. Duality. Types of Random Walks
3. Distribution of Ladder Heights. WienerHopf Factorization
3a. The WienerHopf Integral Equation
4. Examples
5. Applications
6. A Combinatorial Lemma
7. Distribution of Ladder Epochs
8. The Arc Sine Laws
9. Miscellaneous Complements
10. Problems for Solution
Chapter XIII Laplace Transforms. Tauberian Theorems. Resolvents
1. Definitions. The Continuity Theorem
2. Elementary Properties
3. Examples
4. Completely Monotone Functions. Inversion Formulas
5. Tauberian Theorems
6. Stable Distributions
7. Infinitely Divisible Distributions
8. Higher Dimensions
9. Laplace Transforms for SemiGroups
10. The HilleYosida Theorem
11. Problems for Solution
Chapter XIV Applications of Laplace Transforms
1. The Renewal Equation: Theory
2. RenewalType Equations: Examples
3. Limit Theorems Involving Arc Sine Distributions
4. Busy Periods and Related Branching Processes
5. Diffusion Processes
6. BirthandDeath Processes and Random Walks
7. The Kolmogorov Differential Equations
8. Example: The Pure Birth Process
9. Calculation of Ergodic Limits and of FirstPassage Times
10. Problems for Solution
Chapter XV Characteristic Functions
1. Definition. Basic Properties
2. Special Distributions. Mixtures
2a. Some Unexpected Phenomena
3. Uniqueness. Inversion Formulas
4. Regularity Properties
5. The Central Limit Theorem for Equal Components
6. The Lindeberg Conditions
7. Characteristic Functions in Higher Dimensions
8. Two Characterizations of the Normal Distribution
9. Problems for Solution
Chapter XVI Expansions Related to the Central Limit Theorem,
1. Notations
2. Expansions for Densities
3. Smoothing
4. Expansions for Distributions
5. The BerryEsséen Theorems
6. Expansions in the Case of Varying Components
7. Large Deviations
Chapter XVII Infinitely Divisible Distributions
1. Infinitely Divisible Distributions
2. Canonical Forms. The Main Limit Theorem
2a. Derivatives of Characteristic Functions
3. Examples and Special Properties
4. Special Properties
5. Stable Distributions and Their Domains of Attraction
6. Stable Densities
7. Triangular Arrays
8. The Class L
9. Partial Attraction. "Universal Laws"
10. Infinite Convolutions
11. Higher Dimensions
12. Problems for Solution 595
Chapter XVIII Applications of Fourier Methods to Random Walks
1. The Basic Identity
2. Finite Intervals. Wald’s Approximation
3. The WienerHopf Factorization
4. Implications and Applications
5. Two Deeper Theorems
6. Criteria for Persistency
7. Problems for Solution
Chapter XIX Harmonic Analysis
1. The Parseval Relation
2. Positive Definite Functions
3. Stationary Processes
4. Fourier Series
5. The Poisson Summation Formula
6. Positive Definite Sequences
7. L^{2} Theory
8. Stochastic Processes and Integrals
9. Problems for Solution
Answers to Problems
Some Books on Cognate Subjects
Index