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Isotopes: Principles and Applications, 3rd Edition

ISBN: 978-0-471-38437-3
928 pages
October 2004
Isotopes: Principles and Applications, 3rd Edition (0471384372) cover image

Description

Covering radiogenic, radioactive, and stable isotopes, this comprehensive text contains five sections that present fundamentals of atomic physics; dating methods for terrestrial and extraterrestrial rocks by means of radiogenic isotopes; geochemistry of radiogenic isotopes; dating by means of U, Th-series and cosmogenic radionuclides; and the fractionation of the stable isotopes of H, C, N, O, and S, as well as Li, B, Si, and Cl. Additionally, this edition provides:
  • Expanded coverage of the U-Pb methods –the most accurate available dating technique
  • Applications to the petrogenesis of igneous rocks
  • Summaries of the use of isotopic data for study of the oceans
  • New examples from the fields of archeology and anthropology
  • Radiation-damage methods of dating including fission tracks, thermoluminescence, and electron spin resonance (ESR)
  • Information on the dispersal of fission-product radionuclides and the disposal of radioactive waste
  • Extensive chapter-by-chapter problems and solutions
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Table of Contents

Preface.

Part I: Principles of Atomic Physics.

1. Nuclear Systematics.

2. Decay Modes of Radionuclides.

3. Radioactive Decay.

4. Geochronometry.

Part II: Radiogenic Isotope Geochronometers.

5. The Rb–Sr Method.

6. TheK–ArMethod.

7. The <sup>40</sup>Ar*/ <sup>39</sup>Ar Method.

8. TheK–CaMethod.

9. The Sm–Nd Method.

10. The U–Pb, Th–Pb, and Pb–Pb Methods.

11. The Common-Lead Method.

12. The Lu–Hf Method.

13. The Re–Os Method.

14. The La–Ce Method.

Part III: Geochemistry of Radiogenic Isotopes.

16. Mixing Theory.

17. Origin of Igneous Rocks.

18. Water and Sediment.

19. The Oceans.

Part IV: Short-Lived Radionuclides.

20. Uranium/Thorium-Series Disequilibria.

21. Helium and Tritium.

22. Radiation-Damage Methods.

23. Cosmogenic Radionuclides.

24. Extinct Radionuclides.

25. Thermonuclear Radionuclides.

Part V: Fractionation of Stable Isotopes.

26. Hydrogen and Oxygen.

27. Carbon.

28. Nitrogen.

29. Sulfur.

30. Boron and Other Elements.

Index.

International Geological Timescale (2002).

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Author Information

GUNTER FAURE is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Geological Sciences at The Ohio State University.

TERESA M. MENSING is associate professor in the Department of Geological Sciences at The Ohio State University at Marion.

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