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Ultrafast Optics

ISBN: 978-0-471-41539-8
598 pages
June 2009
Ultrafast Optics (0471415391) cover image
A comprehensive treatment of ultrafast optics

This book fills the need for a thorough and detailed account of ultrafast optics. Written by one of the most preeminent researchers in the field, it sheds new light on technology that has already had a revolutionary impact on precision frequency metrology, high-speed electrical testing, biomedical imaging, and in revealing the initial steps in chemical reactions.

Ultrafast Optics begins with a summary of ultrashort laser pulses and their practical applications in a range of real-world settings. Next, it reviews important background material, including an introduction to Fourier series and Fourier transforms, and goes on to cover:

  • Principles of mode-locking
  • Ultrafast pulse measurement methods
  • Dispersion and dispersion compensation
  • Ultrafast nonlinear optics: second order
  • Ultrafast nonlinear optics: third order
  • Mode-locking: selected advanced topics
  • Manipulation of ultrashort pulses
  • Ultrafast time-resolved spectroscopy
  • Terahertz time-domain electromagnetics

Professor Weiner's expertise and cutting-edge research result in a book that is destined to become a seminal text for engineers, researchers, and graduate students alike.


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1 Introduction and Review.

1.1 Introduction to Ultrashort Laser Pulses.

1.2 Brief Review of Electromagnetics.

1.3 Review of Laser Essentials.

1.4 Introduction to Ultrashort Pulse Generation Through Mode-Locking.

1.5 Fourier Series and Fourier Transforms.

2 Principles of Mode-Locking.

2.1 Processes Involved in Mode-Locking.

2.2 Active Mode-Locking.

2.3 Passive Mode-Locking Using Saturable Absorbers.

2.4 Solid-State Laser Mode-Locking Using the Optical Kerr Effect.

3 Ultrafast-pulse Measurement Methods.

3.1 Terminology and Definitions.

3.2 Electric Field Autocorrelation Measurements and the Power Spectrum.

3.3 Electric Field Cross-Correlation Measurements and Spectral Interferometry.

3.4 Intensity Correlation Measurements.

3.5 Chirped Pulses and Measurements in the Time–Frequency Domain.

3.6 Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating.

3.7 Pulse Measurements Based on Frequency Filtering.

3.8 Self-Referencing Interferometry.

3.9 Characterization of Noise and Jitter.

4 Dispersion and Dispersion Compensation.

4.1 Group Velocity Dispersion.

4.2 Temporal Dispersion Based on Angular Dispersion.

4.3 Dispersion of Grating Pairs.

4.4 Dispersion of Prism Pairs.

4.5 Dispersive Properties of Lenses.

4.6 Dispersion of Mirror Structures.

4.7 Measurements of Group Velocity Dispersion.

4.8 Appendix.

5 Ultrafast Nonlinear Optics: Second Order.

5.1 Introduction to Nonlinear Optics.

5.2 The Forced Wave Equation.

5.3 Summary of Continuous-Wave Second-Harmonic Generation.

5.4 Second-Harmonic Generation with Pulses.

5.5 Three-Wave Interactions.

5.6 Appendix.

6 Ultrafast Nonlinear Optics: Third Order.

6.1 Propagation Equation for Nonlinear Refractive Index Media.

6.2 The Nonlinear Schr¨odinger Equation.

6.3 Self-Phase Modulation.

6.3.1 Dispersionless Self-Phase Modulation.

6.4 Pulse Compression.

6.5 Modulational Instability.

6.6 Solitons.

6.7 Higher-Order Propagation Effects.

6.8 Continuum Generation.

7 Mode-Locking: Selected Advanced Topics.

7.1 Soliton Fiber Lasers: Artificial Fast Saturable Absorbers.

7.2 Soliton Mode-Locking: Active Modulation and Slow Saturable Absorbers.

7.3 Stretched Pulse Mode-Locking.

7.4 Mode-Locked Lasers in the Few-Cycle Regime.

7.5 Mode-Locked Frequency Combs.

8 Manipulation of Ultrashort Pulses.

8.1 Fourier Transform Pulse Shaping,.

8.2 Other Pulse-Shaping Techniques.

8.3 Chirp Processing and Time Lenses.

8.4 Ultrashort-Pulse Amplification.

8.5 Appendix.

9 Ultrafast Time-Resolved Spectroscopy.

9.1 Introduction to Ultrafast Spectroscopy.

9.2 Degenerate Pump–Probe Transmission Measurements.

9.3 Nondegenerate and Spectrally Resolved Pump–Probe: Case Studies.

9.4 Basic Quantum Mechanics for Coherent Short-Pulse Spectroscopies.

9.5 Wave Packets.

9.6 Dephasing Phenomena.

9.7 Impulsive Stimulated Raman Scattering.

10 Terahertz Time-Domain Electromagnetics.

10.1 Ultrafast Electromagnetics: Transmission Lines.

10.2 Ultrafast Electromagnetics: Terahertz Beams.



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Andrew M. Weiner is the Scifres Family Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University. Professor Weiner is the coeditor of two conference proceedings and has published six book chapters, over 200 journal articles, and over 350 conference papers. His research focuses on ultrafast optical signal processing, high-speed optical communications, and ultrabroadband radio-frequency photonics. He is especially well known for pioneering the field of femtosecond pulse shaping, for which he has received numerous awards.

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  • First comprehensive description of topic
  • Discusses practical applications rather than just theory
  • Includes homework exercises


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