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Demography in Ecotoxicology

Jan Kammenga (Editor), Ryszard Laskowski (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-471-49002-9
318 pages
December 2000
Demography in Ecotoxicology (0471490024) cover image
Demography in Ecotoxicology focuses on the interface between toxicology, life history and demographic theory. This comprehensive book examines the different ways of adequately assessing the potential impact of toxic stress on populations and discusses how to obtain an insight into the underlying physiological and genetic mechanisms. The theory is illustrated with empiricial observations on a number of species and organisational levels and the book incorporates:
* case studies;
* real data;
* life history models;
* methodologies; and,
* recommendations for risk assessment
Written by an international team of researchers, Demography in Ecotoxicology will be invaluable to ecotoxicologists, ecologists and wildlife conservationists in academia, industry and regulatory bodies wishing to gain a greater understanding into the prediction and effects of natural and man-made toxicants on populations.
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List of Contributors.
Series Foreword
Preface
Introduction
Demographic Approaches in Ecotoxicology: State of the Art (J. Kammenga R. Laskowski)
The Toxicologists' and Ecologists' Point of View-Unification through a Demographic Approach (J. Stark J. Banks)
Demographic Changes
Dynamic Effects of Compounds on Animal Energetics and Their Population Consequences (B. Kooijman J. Bedaux)
Life Table Response Experiments in Ecotoxicology (H. Caswell)
Stochastic and Density-dependent Models in Ecotoxicology (R. Laskowski)
Effects of Heavy Metals on the Badger Meles meles: Interaction between Habitat Quality and Fragmentation (C. Klok, et al.)
Cadmium and Zinc Accumulation and Its Demographic Effects in Invertebrates (P. Kramarz)
Small Mammal Response at Population and Community Level to Heavy Metal Pollution (Pb, Cd, Tl) (K. Dmowski, et al.)
Evolution in Polluted Environments
Evolution in Toxic Environments: Quantitative Versus Major Gene Approaches (R. Woods A. Hoffmann)
Review of Experimental Evidence for Physiological Costs of Tolerance to Toxicants (N. van Straalen A. Hoffmann)
Multi-generation Effects at the Population Level: Fitness Maximisation and Optimal Allocation in a Nematode (J. Kammenga, et al.)
Optimal Allocation, Life History and Heavy Metal Accumulation: a Dynamic Programming Model (M. Janczur, et al.)
Preadapted Populations in Metal-polluted Environments (A. Rozen)
Relationships between Enzymatic Response and Animal Population Demography in Polluted Environments (P. Migula)
Tissue Changes in Animals and Their Population Effects (R. wiergosz)
Open Problems and Recommendations for Risk Assessment
Demographic Approaches in Ecotoxicology-Open Problems (J. Kammenga R. Laskowski)
Implications for Ecological Risk Assessment: The Risk Quotient Life-cycle Approach (J. Kammenga)
Index
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