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Rheometry of Pastes, Suspensions, and Granular Materials: Applications in Industry and Environment

ISBN: 978-0-471-65369-1
291 pages
June 2005
Rheometry of Pastes, Suspensions, and Granular Materials: Applications in Industry and Environment (0471653691) cover image
A comprehensive examination of rheometry theory and its practical applications

This publication enables readers to understand and characterize the flow properties of complex fluids and, with this knowledge, develop a wide range of industrial and consumer products. The author fills a gap in the current literature by presenting a comprehensive description of the rheological behavior of pastes, suspensions, and granular materials and by offering readers the rheometrical techniques needed to effectively characterize these materials.

With his extensive experience in both academic and industrial research, the author is able to take the field to a new level in:
* General schematic classification of the behavior of pastes,suspensions, and granular materials
* Systematic review, analysis, and quantification of experimental problems with complex fluids
* Insight into the flow behavior of complex fluids gained through the most recent discoveries and research techniques
* Comprehensive rheometrical analysis of data obtained from research across a broad range of industries

In addition to gaining a thorough understanding of the theory underlining rheometry, readers discover its many practical applications. Throughout the publication, specific examples are provided that illustrate how theory is applied, including examples involving food, civil engineering, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, paper coatings, paint and ink, ceramics, sewage sludges, granular materials, and natural materials.

In summary, this publication provides a comprehensive review of the behavior of pastes, suspensions, and granular materials as well as detailed analysis of rheometrical techniques. Everything needed to determine the behavior and movement of complex fluids is provided. It is, therefore, a recommended resource for rheologists, engineers, and researchers, as well as students who deal with complex fluids in product formulation, quality and process control, and process plant design.
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PREFACE.

NOTATION.

INTRODUCTION.

1 MATERIAL MECHANICS.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Continuum Mechanics.

1.3 Constitutive Equation.

1.4 Viscometric Flows.

2 RHEOPHYSICS OF PASTES AND GRANULAR MATERIALS.

2.1 Interactions between Material Elements.

2.2 Rheology of Soft Jammed Systems (Pastes).

2.3 Rheology of Granular Materials.

2.4 Rheology of Granular Pastes.

3 EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES AND PROBLEMS IN PASTE VISCOMETRY.

3.1 Experimental Procedures.

3.2 Wall Slip.

3.3 Shear Localization.

3.4 Surface Tension Effects.

3.5 Drying.

3.6 Phase Separation.

3.7 Cracking.

3.8 Temperature Effects.

3.9 Inertia Effects and Turbulence.

4 LOCAL RHEOMETRY.

4.1 Techniques for Measuring the Velocity Field in Fluids.

4.2 Rheological Interpretation of Velocity Profiles.

4.3 Velocity Profile Reconstruction From Rheometry.

4.3.4 Specific Behavior Types.

4.3.5 Wall Slip Effect.

4.3.6 Inclined Plane Flow.

5 NONVISCOMETRIC FLOWS OF YIELD STRESS FLUIDS.

5.1 Displacement of an Object Through a Yield Stress Fluid.

5.2 Squeeze or Stretch Flows.

5.3 Spreading or Coating Flows.

6 GRANULAR FLOWS IN FRICTIONAL REGIME.

6.1 Viscometric Flows.

6.2 Free Surface Flows.

6.3 Conduit Flows.

6.4 Compression Flows.

6.5 Displacement of an Object.

6.6 Free Surface Flow of a Granular Paste.

7 PRACTICAL RHEOMETRICAL TECHNIQUES.

7.1 Tests Involving Displacement of an Object through Fluid.

7.2 Tests Involving Squeeze Flows.

7.3 Tests Involving Spreading or Coating Flows.

7.4 Tests Involving Conduit Flows.

7.5 Practical Tests for Granular Materials.

7.6 Study of Thixotropy using Practical Rheometrical Tests.

7.7 Applications to Industrial and Environmental Materials.

INDEX.

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PHILIPPE COUSSOT, PhD, is Director of the Laboratory of Materials and Structures for Civil Engineering, Marne-la-Vallée, France. He is President of the French Society of Rheology and a recipient of the biannual Award of the French Association of Mechanics.
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"...this book offers a good balance of theoretical and practical information relating to the rheology and characterization of filled systems..." (IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, January/February 2006)
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