Textbook
Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, 3rd EditionISBN: 9780471667827
1136 pages
April 2005, ©2005

An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department.
Preface xiii
1 Antennas 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Types of Antennas 4
1.3 Radiation Mechanism 7
1.4 Current Distribution on a Thin Wire Antenna 17
1.5 Historical Advancement 20
1.6 Multimedia 24
References 24
2 Fundamental Parameters of Antennas 27
2.1 Introduction 27
2.2 Radiation Pattern 27
2.3 Radiation Power Density 38
2.4 Radiation Intensity 40
2.5 Beamwidth 42
2.6 Directivity 44
2.7 Numerical Techniques 58
2.8 Antenna Efficiency 64
2.9 Gain 65
2.10 Beam Efficiency 69
2.11 Bandwidth 70
2.12 Polarization 70
2.13 Input Impedance 80
2.14 Antenna Radiation Efficiency 85
2.15 Antenna Vector Effective Length and Equivalent Areas 87
2.16 Maximum Directivity and Maximum Effective Area 92
2.17 Friis Transmission Equation and Radar Range Equation 94
2.18 Antenna Temperature 104
2.19 Multimedia 108
References 112
Problems 114
3 Radiation Integrals and Auxiliary Potential Functions 133
3.1 Introduction 133
3.2 The Vector Potential A for an Electric Current Source J 135
3.3 The Vector Potential F for a Magnetic Current Source M 137
3.4 Electric and Magnetic Fields for Electric (J) and Magnetic (M) Current Sources 138
3.5 Solution of the Inhomogeneous Vector Potential Wave Equation 139
3.6 FarField Radiation 142
3.7 Duality Theorem 144
3.8 Reciprocity and Reaction Theorems 144
References 150
Problems 150
4 Linear Wire Antennas 151
4.1 Introduction 151
4.2 Infinitesimal Dipole 151
4.3 Small Dipole 162
4.4 Region Separation 165
4.5 Finite Length Dipole 170
4.6 HalfWavelength Dipole 182
4.7 Linear Elements Near or on Infinite Perfect Conductors 184
4.8 Ground Effects 205
4.9 Computer Codes 214
4.10 Multimedia 217
References 218
Problems 219
5 Loop Antennas 231
5.1 Introduction 231
5.2 Small Circular Loop 232
5.3 Circular Loop of Constant Current 246
5.4 Circular Loop with Nonuniform Current 255
5.5 Ground and Earth Curvature Effects for Circular Loops 261
5.6 Polygonal Loop Antennas 263
5.7 Ferrite Loop 266
5.8 Mobile Communication Systems Applications 268
5.9 Multimedia 269
References 273
Problems 275
6 Arrays: Linear, Planar, and Circular 283
6.1 Introduction 283
6.2 TwoElement Array 284
6.3 NElement Linear Array: Uniform Amplitude and Spacing 290
6.4 NElement Linear Array: Directivity 313
6.5 Design Procedure 318
6.6 NElement Linear Array: ThreeDimensional Characteristics 320
6.7 RectangulartoPolar Graphical Solution 322
6.8 NElement Linear Array: Uniform Spacing, Nonuniform Amplitude 324
6.9 Superdirectivity 345
6.10 Planar Array 349
6.11 Design Considerations 362
6.12 Circular Array 365
6.13 Multimedia 369
References 370
Problems 371
7 Antenna Synthesis and Continuous Sources 385
7.1 Introduction 385
7.2 Continuous Sources 386
7.3 Schelkunoff Polynomial Method 388
7.4 Fourier Transform Method 393
7.5 WoodwardLawson Method 399
7.6 Taylor LineSource (TschebyscheffError) 406
7.7 Taylor LineSource (OneParameter) 410
7.8 Triangular, Cosine, and CosineSquared Amplitude Distributions 417
7.9 LineSource Phase Distributions 418
7.10 Continuous Aperture Sources 419
7.11 Multimedia 423
References 423
Problems 424
8 Integral Equations, Moment Method, and Self and Mutual Impedances 433
8.1 Introduction 433
8.2 Integral Equation Method 434
8.3 Finite Diameter Wires 442
8.4 Moment Method Solution 450
8.5 SelfImpedance 458
8.6 Mutual Impedance Between Linear Elements 468
8.7 Mutual Coupling in Arrays 478
8.8 Multimedia 491
References 491
Problems 494
9 Broadband Dipoles and Matching Techniques 497
9.1 Introduction 497
9.2 Biconical Antenna 500
9.3 Triangular Sheet, BowTie, and Wire Simulation 506
9.4 Cylindrical Dipole 508
9.5 Folded Dipole 515
9.6 Discone and Conical Skirt Monopole 521
9.7 Matching Techniques 523
9.8 Multimedia 541
References 542
Problems 543
10 Traveling Wave and Broadband Antennas 549
10.1 Introduction 549
10.2 Traveling Wave Antennas 549
10.3 Broadband Antennas 566
10.4 Multimedia 600
References 600
Problems 602
11 Frequency Independent Antennas, Antenna Miniaturization, and Fractal Antennas 611
11.1 Introduction 611
11.2 Theory 612
11.3 Equiangular Spiral Antennas 614
11.4 LogPeriodic Antennas 619
11.5 Fundamental Limits of Electrically Small Antennas 637
11.6 Fractal Antennas 641
11.7 Multimedia 648
References 648
Problems 650
12 Aperture Antennas 653
12.1 Introduction 653
12.2 Field Equivalence Principle: Huygens’ Principle 653
12.3 Radiation Equations 660
12.4 Directivity 662
12.5 Rectangular Apertures 663
12.6 Circular Apertures 683
12.7 Design Considerations 692
12.8 Babinet’s Principle 697
12.9 Fourier Transforms in Aperture Antenna Theory 701
12.10 Ground Plane Edge Effects: The Geometrical Theory of Diffraction 721
12.11 Multimedia 726
References 726
Problems 728
13 Horn Antennas 739
13.1 Introduction 739
13.2 EPlane Sectoral Horn 739
13.3 HPlane Sectoral Horn 755
13.4 Pyramidal Horn 769
13.5 Conical Horn 783
13.6 Corrugated Horn 785
13.7 ApertureMatched Horns 792
13.8 Multimode Horns 794
13.9 DielectricLoaded Horns 797
13.10 Phase Center 799
13.11 Multimedia 802
References 802
Problems 805
14 Microstrip Antennas 811
14.1 Introduction 811
14.2 Rectangular Patch 816
14.3 Circular Patch 843
14.4 Quality Factor, Bandwidth, and Efficiency 852
14.5 Input Impedance 855
14.6 Coupling 856
14.7 Circular Polarization 859
14.8 Arrays and Feed Networks 865
14.9 Multimedia 872
References 872
Problems 876
15 Reflector Antennas 883
15.1 Introduction 883
15.2 Plane Reflector 883
15.3 Corner Reflector 884
15.4 Parabolic Reflector 893
15.5 Spherical Reflector 934
15.6 Multimedia 936
References 937
Problems 939
16 Smart Antennas 945
16.1 Introduction 945
16.2 SmartAntenna Analogy 946
16.3 Cellular Radio Systems Evolution 947
16.4 Signal Propagation 954
16.5 Smart Antennas’ Benefits 957
16.6 Smart Antennas’ Drawbacks 958
16.7 Antenna 958
16.8 Antenna Beamforming 962
16.9 Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs) 977
16.10 SmartAntenna System Design, Simulation, and Results 982
16.11 Beamforming, Diversity Combining, RayleighFading, and TrellisCoded Modulation 990
16.12 Other Geometries 993
16.13 Multimedia 994
References 995
Problems 999
17 Antenna Measurements 1001
17.1 Introduction 1001
17.2 Antenna Ranges 1003
17.3 Radiation Patterns 1021
17.4 Gain Measurements 1028
17.5 Directivity Measurements 1034
17.6 Radiation Efficiency 1036
17.7 Impedance Measurements 1036
17.8 Current Measurements 1038
17.9 Polarization Measurements 1038
17.10 Scale Model Measurements 1044
References 1045
Index 1099