Quantitative Environmental Risk Analysis for Human Health
Environmental risk analysis is complex and interdisciplinary; this book explains the fundamental concepts and analytical methods in each essential discipline. With an emphasis on concepts and applications of quantitative tools plus coverage of analysis of both chemical and radioactive contaminants, this is a comprehensive resource.
After an introduction and an overview of the basics of environmental modeling, the book covers key elements in environmental risk analysis methodology, including:
- Release assessment and source characterization
- Migration of contaminants in various media, including surface water, groundwater, the atmosphere, and the food chain
- Exposure assessment
- Basic human toxicology and dose-response
- Risk characterization, including dose-response modeling and analysis
- Risk management process and methods
- Risk communication and public participation
This reference also relates risk analysis to current environmental laws and regulations. An ideal textbook for graduate students and upper-level undergraduates in various engineering and quantitative science disciplines, especially civil and environmental engineering, it is also a great reference for practitioners in industry, environmental consulting firms, and regulatory agencies.
1.1 Risk Analysis.
1.3 Contaminants in the Environment.
1.4 Uses of Environmental Risk Assessment.
1.5 Risk Assessment Process.
2 Fundamental Aspects of Environmental Modeling.
2.2 Modeling Process.
2.3 Physical and Mathematical Basis for Risk Assessment Models.
2.4 Contaminant Transport Equation.
3 Release Assessment.
3.2 Conceptual Model.
3.3 Contaminant Identification.
3.4 Emission-Rate Quantification.
4 Environmental Transport Theory.
4.2 One-Dimensional Solutions of the Contaminant Transport Equation.
4.3 Three-Dimensional Contaminant Transport.
4.4 Advanced Solution Methods.
5.2 Types of Surface Water Bodies.
5.4 Transport Modeling.
6 Groundwater Transport.
6.2 Subsurface Characterization.
6.3 Saturated Flow in Porous Media.
6.5 Subsurface Contaminant Transport Modeling.
6.6 Other Considerations in Groundwater Transport.
7 Atmospheric Transport.
7.2 Atmospheric Dispersion.
7.3 Atmospheric Transport Models.
7.4 Other Considerations.
8 Food Chain Transport.
8.2 Concentration in Soil.
8.3 Concentration in Vegetation.
8.4 Concentration in Animals.
9 Exposure Assessment.
9.3 Contaminant Intake.
9.4 Dose Calculations.
10 Basic Human Toxicology.
10.2 Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology.
10.3 Mechanisms and Effects of Toxicity.
11 Dose–Response and Risk Characterization.
11.2 Biological Basis of Dose–Response Modeling.
11.3 Elements of Quantitative Dose–Response Analysis.
11.4 Dose–Response Modeling.
11.5 Risk Characterization.
11.6 Regulatory Implementation.
12 Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analyses.
12.2 Types and Sources of Uncertainty.
12.3 Statistical Fundamentals.
12.4 Uncertainty Propagation.
13 Stakeholder Involvement and Risk Communication.
13.2 Stakeholder Involvement.
13.3 Risk Communication.
14 Environmental Risk Management.
14.2 Risk Management Process.
14.3 Risk Management Methods.
15 Environmental Laws and Regulations.
15.2 General Legal and Regulatory Structure for Environmental Protection.
15.3 Major Federal Environmental Laws and Regulations.
15.4 CERCLA Process.
15.5 Additional Regulations.
Appendix A Mathematical Tools.
A.1 Special Functions.
A.2 Laplace Transforms.
Appendix B Degradation and Decay Parameters.
NORMAN A. EISENBERG, PhD, has over thirty years of experience in environmental risk analysis, including work on environmental analysis within the federal government (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Department of Energy) and as a consultant, and teaching graduate environmental courses at the University of Maryland.
KEITH L. COMPTON, PhD, is a systems performance analyst in the Division of Waste Management at the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
"…well-written and useful to both academia and professional audiences." (Journal of Environmental Quality, September-October 2007)
"…I would enthusiastically adopt for a risk analysis course if I were to teach one. It is good." (Journal of Hazardous Materials, July 16, 2007)
"The book is designed for both academic and professional audiences, to allow flexible approaches to instruction." (Environmental Geology, 2007)