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Trace Chemical Sensing of Explosives

ISBN: 978-0-471-73839-8
367 pages
January 2007
Trace Chemical Sensing of Explosives (0471738395) cover image
This timely book covers the most recent developments in the chemical detection of explosives in a variety of environments. Beginning with a broad view of the need for and the potential applications of chemical sensing, the book considers the issue of how to effectively include chemical sensing into systems designed to find hidden explosives devices. Offering a firsthand look at the latest technologies direct from those who are actively developing them, the book features:
  • A look at the history of the field, including the contributions of recent programs
  • A brief explanation of the chemistry of various explosives and differences in the place where they may be detected
  • An introduction to the problems presented by trace element sensing
  • An overview and comparison of the technologies currently being used and developed
  • Case studies of field experiences with chemical sensors
  • A look at the emerging threat of non-traditional explosives

This book is an important reference for explosives engineers, systems engineers involved in the development of related devices, government agencies and NGOs involved in demining efforts, military and law enforcement specialists in mines and explosive ordinance disposal (EOD), as well as environmental scientists and chemists involved in explosives research.

In addition to providing field workers with knowledge that will help them decide where and how to search for explosives using chemical sensors. It will provide them with an understanding of the potential and the limitations of chemical sensing in their search for and identification of dangerous devices.

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Foreword.

Preface.

List of Contributors.

PART I: FUNDAMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS.

Chapter 1. Chemical Sensing.

Chapter 2. What to Detect?

Chapter 3. Dangerous Innovations.

Chapter 4. Where Should We Look For Explosive Molecules?

Chapter 5. Structure of Turbulent Chemical Plumes.

PART II: FIELD EXPERIENCE.

Chapter 6. Detection of Trace Explosive Signatures in the Marine Environment.

Chapter 7. Explosives Detection Using Ultrasensitive Electronic Vapor Sensors: Field Experience.

Chapter 8. Reflections on Hunting Mines By Aroma Sensing.

PART III: EXAMPLE SENSING TECHNOLOGIES.

Chapter 9. Explosives Detection Based on Amplifying Fluorescence Polymers.

Chapter 10. Ion Mobility Spectrometry.

Chapter 11. Mass Spectrometry For Security Screening of Explosives.

Chapter 12. Explosive Vapor Detection Using Microcantilever Sensors.

Chapter 13. Lab-On-A-Chip Detection of Explosives.

Chapter 14. Nanoscale Sensing Assemblies Using Quantum Dot-Protein Bioconjugates.

Chapter 15. Remote Sensing of Explosive Materials Using Differential Reflection Spectroscopy.

PART IV: SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL.

Appendix : Organizations Involved in Searching For Hidden Explosives.

Definitions, Symbols and Abbreviations.

Explosives Definitions.

Bibliography.

Index.

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Ronald L. Woodfin, PHD, is a retired systems engineer of Sandia National Laboratories, where he held the title principal member of the technical staff. With special interests in techniques related to mine warfare and humanitarian demining, Woodfin has served on several National Research Council Committees, including the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Material Disposal Program and the Committee for Mine Warfare Assessment of the Naval Studies Board. He also chaired the chemical sensing sessions in the Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh International Symposia on Technology and the Mine Problem.
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