Tutankhamun's Armies: Battle and Conquest During Ancient Egypt's Late Eighteenth Dynasty
The furious thunder of thousands of hooves, the clatter and sheen of bronze armor sparkling in the desert sun, the crunch of wooden wheels racing across a rock-strewn battlefield-and leading this terrifying chariot charge, the gallant Pharaoh, the ribbons of his blue war crown streaming behind him as he launches yet another arrow into the panicking mass of his soon-to-be-routed enemies.
While scenes like the one depicted above did occur in ancient Egypt, they represent only one small aspect of the vast, complex, and sophisticated military machine that secured, defended, and expanded the borders of the empire during the late Eighteenth Dynasty.
In Tutankhamun's Armies, you'll discover the harsh reality behind the imperial splendor of the New Kingdom and gain a new appreciation for the formidable Egyptian army-from pharaoh to foot soldier. You'll follow "the heretic king" Akhenaten, his son Tutankhamun, and their three Amana-Period successors as they employ double-edge diplomacy and military might to defeat competing powers, quell internal insurrections, and keep reluctant subject states in line. This vivid and absorbing chronicle will forever change the way you think about the glories and riches of ancient Egypt.
Note to the Reader.
1 Land of Desert and Nile.
2 The Amarna Interlude.
The Founding of the New Kingdom.
Amunhotep III: The King as Solar Disk.
Akhenaten: The Solar Disk as King.
Four Features of Atenism.
Aket-aten: A New Capital.
The “Amarna” Style of Art.
Proscription of Other Deities.
The Importance of Women at Amarna.
Atenism: Re-creation of Creation.
The Location of Akhet-aten: The Home of the Ogdoad.
Akhenaten as Creator Deity.
The Gods Have Not Yet Been Born.
The Female Light Powers.
Ankh(et)kheperure Neferneferuaten and Smenkhkare: The Ephemeral Kings.
Tutankhamun: The Boy King.
After Tutankhamun: Aye.
Horemhab: The General.
3 Trampling the Nine Bows: Military Forces and Weaponry.
Branches of the Egyptian Military.
Weapons and Armor.
Horses and Chariots.
Clothing, Armor, and Defensive Weapons.
Fortifications, Camps, and Siege Technology.
4 Land of Gold: The Southern Empire.
Egyptian Fortifications in Nubia.
The Southern Border of the New Kingdom.
The Viceroys of Nubia.
Amarna Cities in Nubia.
The Tutankhamun Stela from Kurkur Oasis.
Nubian Wars of the Amarna Period.
The Spoils of Battle: Durbars of Akhenaten and Tutankhamun.
The Nubian Experience of Colonization.
5 Wretched Asiatics: The Northern Empire.
Prelude to Amarna: Early Eighteenth-Dynasty Wars with Mitanni.
The Egyptian Empire in Syria-Palestine.
The Amarna Letters.
"The Vile Dog of Amurru."
The Fall of Sumur and the Great Syrian Campaign.
The Realpolitik of Akhenaten.
Akhenaten's Attack on Kadesh.
The Asiatic War of Tutankhamun.
The Affair of the Egyptian Queen.
6 Uniting the Two Lands: Domestic Security and the Army in Peacetime.
Akhenaten’s Domestic Policy.
Police and Military Installations at Akhet-aten.
The Western Frontier.
Corps of Engineers.
Naval and Port Security.
Religious Functions of the Military.
Colleen Manassa is an Assistant Professor of Egyptology in the same department. They are both experts in Egyptian military history.