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Neuroscience of Cognitive Development: The Role of Experience and the Developing Brain

ISBN: 978-0-471-74586-0
224 pages
April 2006
Neuroscience of Cognitive Development: The Role of Experience and the Developing Brain (0471745863) cover image
A new understanding of cognitive development from the perspective of neuroscience

This book provides a state-of-the-art understanding of the neural bases of cognitive development. Although the field of developmental cognitive neuroscience is still in its infancy, the authors effectively demonstrate that our understanding of cognitive development is and will be vastly improved as the mechanisms underlying development are elucidated.

The authors begin by establishing the value of considering neuroscience in order to understand child development and then provide an overview of brain development. They include a critical discussion of experience-dependent changes in the brain. The authors explore whether the mechanisms underlying developmental plasticity differ from those underlying adult plasticity, and more fundamentally, what distinguishes plasticity from development.

Having armed the reader with key neuroscience basics, the book begins its examination of the neural bases of cognitive development by examining the methods employed by professionals in developmental cognitive neuroscience. Following a brief historical overview, the authors discuss behavioral, anatomic, metabolic, and electrophysiological methods. Finally, the book explores specific content areas, focusing on those areas where there is a significant body of knowledge on the neural underpinnings of cognitive development, including:
* Declarative and non-declarative memory and learning
* Spatial cognition
* Object recognition
* Social cognition
* Speech and language development
* Attention development


For cognitive and developmental psychologists, as well as students in developmental psychology, neuroscience, and cognitive development, the authors' view of behavioral development from the perspective of neuroscience sheds new light on the mechanisms that underlie how the brain functions and how a child learns and behaves.
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Preface.

Introduction: Why should developmental psychologists be interested in the brain?

1. Brain Development and Neural Plasticity.

2. Neural Plasticity.

3. Methods of Cognitive Neuroscience.

4. The Development of Speech and Language.

5. The Development of Declarative (or Explicit) Memory.

6. The Development of Nondeclarative (or Implicit) Memory.

7. The Development of Spatial Cognition.

8. The Development of Object Recognition.

9. The Development of Social Cognition.

10. The Development of Higher Cognition (Executive) Funtions.

11. The Development of Attention.

12. The Future of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience.

References.

Index.

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CHARLES A. NELSON III, PhD, is Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School, holds the Richard David Scott Chair in Pediatric Developmental Medicine Research at Children's Hospital Boston, and is the Director of Research in the Developmental Medicine Center, Children's Hospital Boston. His research is concerned with developmental cognitive neuroscience broadly defined, with specific interests in the effects of early experience on brain-behavior development, in memory development, and in the development of face processing.

MICHELLE de HAAN, PhD, is Senior Lecturer at the Institute of Child Health, Birkbeck College, University of London. Dr. de Haan's main area of research is the neural basis of visual recognition and long-term memory. She is the Associate Editor of Developmental Science.

KATHLEEN M. THOMAS, PhD, is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota. Dr. Thomas applies neurophysiological techniques, such as MRI, to address the interaction among multiple neural systems involved in learning.

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"This book is a welcome addition to an already popular area of research and certainly deserves to become a project to be updated and re-released over the years." (PsycCritiques, April 25, 2007)

"[This proposal] by Charles Nelson, Kathleen Thomas, and Michelle deHaan is accessible, highly readable, and also very informative."

"The strengths of this manuscript include the content and the quality of the writing. It is very, very clear. Even difficult concepts are communicated clearly and concisely (for instance, this is one of the best treatments of MRI I have ever read)."
—Janet Werker, Univeristy of British Columbia

"I think it is a great project that will make an excellent textbook. . . . I was very pleased with the way it handled a number of complex issues. . ."

"This prospectus presents a very readable state-of-the-art account of the field of developmental cognitive neuroscience."

"I think these two components of the project [connection made between brain and behavior, explanation of why all developmental psychologists need to know this material] will ensure its success as a textbook."--Amy Needham, Duke University

"In my opinion, this book is likely to be a truly outstanding summary of what is known about the relation between brain development and cognition. Charles Nelson is the primary authority on this topic, and Michelle deHaan is also a recognized authority."
—Judy deLoache, University of Virginia

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