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Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures

ISBN: 978-0-471-97394-2
508 pages
August 1998
Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures (0471973947) cover image
Thermodynamics is a core part of most science and engineering curricula. However, most texts that are currently available to students still treat thermodynamics very much as it was presented in the 19th century, generally for historical rather than pedagogical reasons. Modern Thermodynamics takes a different approach, and deals with the relationship between irreversible processes and entropy.The relationship between irreversible processes and entropy is introduced early on, enabling the reader to benefit from seeing the relationship in such processes as heat conduction and chemical reactions. This text presents thermodynamics in a contemporary and exciting manner, with a wide range of applications, and many exercises and examples. Students are also encouraged to use computers through the provision of Mathematica code and Internet / WWW addresses where real data and additional information can be found.

FEATURES

A truly modern approach to thermodynamics, presenting it as a science of irreversible processes whilst avoiding dividing the subject into equilibrium and non-equilibrium thermodynamics.

An extensive range of applications drawn from science and engineering, along with many real world examples, and exercises.

Written by two well-known authors, of whom Professor llya Prigogine was awarded the Nobel Prize for his

research into thermodynamics.

CONTENTS: Part I: Historical Roots: From Heat Engines to Cosmology: Basic Concepts; First Law of Thermodynamics; Second Law of Thermodynamics and the Arrow of Time; Entropy in the Realm of Chemical Reactions; Part ll: Equilibrium Thermodynamics: Extremum Principles and General Thermodynamic Relations; Basic Thermodynamics of Gases, Liquids and Solids; Thermodynamics of Phase Change; Thermodynamics of Solutions; Thermodynamics of Chemical Transformations; Fields and Internal Degrees of Freedom; Thermodynamics of Radiation; Part III: Fluctuations and Stability: The Gibbs' Theory of Stability; Critical Phenomena and Configurational Heat Capacity; Theory of Stability and Fluctuations Based on Entropy Production; Part IV: Linear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics: Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics: The Foundations; Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics: The Linear Regime; Nonequilibrium Stationary States and their Stability: Linear Regime; Part V: Order Through Fluctuations: Nonlinear Thermodynamics; Dissipative Structures; Postface: Where do we go from here?
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HISTORICAL ROOTS: FROM HEAT ENGINES TO COSMOLOGY.

The Basic Concepts.

The First Law of Thermodynamics.

The Second Law of Thermodynamics and the Arrow of Time.

Entropy in the Realm of Chemical Reactions.

EQUILIBRIUM THERMODYNAMICS.

Extremum Principles and General Thermodynamic Relations.

Basic Thermodynamics of Gases, Liquids and Solids.

Phase Change.

Solutions.

Chemical Transformations.

Fields and Internal Degrees of Freedom.

Thermodynamics of Radiation.

FLUCTUATIONS AND STABILITY.

The Gibbs Stability Theory.

Critical Phenomena and Configurational Heat Capacity.

Stability and Fluctuations Based on Entropy Production.

LINEAR NONEQUILIBRIUM THERMODYNAMICS.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics: The Foundations.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics: The Linear Regime.

Nonequilibrium Stationary States and Their Stability: Linear Regime.

ORDER THROUGH FLUCTUATIONS.

Nonlinear Thermodynamics.

Dissipative Structures.

Where Do We Go From Here?

Postface.

Standard Thermodynamic Properties.

Physical Constants and Data.

Index.
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Dilip Kondepudi is a Professor in the Chemistry Department, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA. Viscount Ilya Prigogine, Nobel Prize winner in Chemistry, the Director of the International Solvay Institutes, Brussels, Belgium, and the Director of the Ilya Prigogine Center for Studies in Statistical Mechanics and Complex Systems, University of Texas at Austin, USA. The Nobel Prize was awarded in recognition of his contributions to nonequilibrium physics and especially thermodynamics far from equilibrium. He is the recipient of honorary degrees from more than forty universities around the world, and has had five institutes devoted to the study of complex systems named after him.
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  • A truly modern approach to thermodynamics, presenting it as a science of irreversible processes whilst avoiding dividing the subject into equilibrium and non-equilibrium thermodynamics.
  • An extensive range of applications drawn from science and engineering, along with many real world examples, and exercises.
  • Written by two well-known authors, of whom Professor llya Prigogine was awarded the Nobel Prize for his research into thermodynamics.
See More
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