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The Viologens: Physicochemical Properties, Synthesis and Applications of the Salts of 4,4'-Bipyridine

ISBN: 978-0-471-98603-4
332 pages
January 1999
The Viologens: Physicochemical Properties, Synthesis and Applications of the Salts of 4,4'-Bipyridine (0471986038) cover image
The Viologens Physicochemical Properties, Synthesis and Applications of the Salts of 4,4'-Bipyridine Paul M. S. Monk Manchester Metropolitan University, UK Viologens are salts of 4,4'-bipyridine and are used in such fields as herbicides, electrochromism, solar energy conversion, molecular electronics and supramolecular chemistry. The Viologens is a comprehensive overview of the nature and physicochemical properties of the viologens and details the science behind the applications. Following a broad, discursive and self contained introduction to viologen chemistry, subsequent chapters develop the theory and present a detailed review of the most important properties and concepts in this field. A chapter on viologen synthesis is also included. This book is aimed at researchers in physical and organic chemistry, physics, materials science, biology and environmental engineering.
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Introduction and Overview.

Synthesis of Viologens.

Spectroscopic Properties of Viologen Species.

The Structure of Bipyridilium Species.

The Dication: Charge-transfer Equilibria.

The Radical Cation: Dimer Formation.

The Di-Reduced Bipyridilium Species: The Comproportionation Reaction.

Adsorption of the Viologens.

Electrochemistry and Electron-transfer Reactions.

Photochemistry of the Viologens and Solar-energy Conversion.

Electron Mediation, Herbicidal Activity and Toxicity.

Electrochromism in Viologen-based Systems.

Solid-state Conductivity and use of Viologens in Molecular Electronics.

Supramolecular and Self Assembly Chemistry of the Viologens.

Indexes.
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