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Epistemic Justification: Internalism vs. Externalism, Foundations vs. Virtues

ISBN: 978-0-631-18284-9
250 pages
April 2003, Wiley-Blackwell
Epistemic Justification: Internalism vs. Externalism, Foundations vs. Virtues (0631182845) cover image
Ever since Plato it has been thought that one knows only if one's belief hits the mark of truth and does so with adequate justification. The issues debated by Laurence BonJour and Ernest Sosa concern mostly the nature and conditions of such epistemic justification, and its place in our understanding of human knowledge.

  • Presents central issues pertaining to internalism vs. externalism and foundationalism vs. virtue epistemology in the form of a philosophical debate.
  • Introduces students to fundamental questions within epistemology while engaging in contemporary debates.
  • Written by two of today’s foremost epistemologists.
  • Includes an extensive bibliography.
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Introduction. Laurence BonJour and Ernest Sosa.

Part I: A Version of Internalist Foundationalism: Laurence BonJour:.

1. The Regress Problem and Foundationalism.

2. Externalist Accounts of Justification.

3. In Search of Coherentism.

4. Back to Foundationalism.

5. The Conceptualization of Sensory Experience and the Problem of the External World.

Part II: Beyond Internal Foundations to External Virtues: Ernest Sosa:.

6. Knowledge and Justification.

7. Does Knowledge Have Foundation.

8. Skepticism and the Internal/External Divide.

9. A Virtue Epistemology.

Part III: Replies:.

10. Reply to Sosa.

11. Reply to Bonjour.

Bibliography.

Index.

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Laurence BonJour is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Washington, where he teaches epistemology, history of modern philosophy, metaphysics, philosophy of law, and political philosophy. He is the author of three books: The Structure of Empirical Knowledge (1985), In Defense of Pure Reason (1998), and Epistemology: Classic Problems and Contemporary Responses (2002).

Ernest Sosa is Professor of Philosophy at Brown University and Distinguished Visiting Professor at Rutgers University every spring term. He has written widely on epistemology and is author of Knowledge in Perspective (1991). Sosa and His Critics, edited by John Greco, is forthcoming in the Blackwell series, Philosophers and Their Critics.

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  • Presents central issues pertaining to internalism vs. externalism and foundationalism vs. virtue epistemology in the form of a philosophical debate.

  • Introduces students to fundamental questions within epistemology while engaging in contemporary debates.

  • Written by two of today’s foremost epistemologists.

  • Includes an extensive bibliography.
See More
"It is a wonderful treat for anyone interested in epistemology to find an exchange on the most basic epistemological problems between two such distinguished practicioners as BonJour and Sosa. This debate is conducted with the mastery and sophistication we have come to expect from them. Epistemic Justification is particularly valuable because not only does each author present and defend a position, but each responds at considerable length to the other." William P. Alston, Syracuse University <!--end-->


"BonJour and Sosa offer a penetrating exploration of the internalism/externalism controversy in epistemology. While they vigorously and effectively argue for quite different conclusions, the ability of both philosophers to clearly, fairly, and sympathetically evaluate alternative views results in an outstanding philosophical debate that contributes greatly to our understanding of some of the most fundamental issues in epistemology." Richard Fumerton, University of Iowa

"The format , and the eminence of each author, makes the book a valuable addition to the field for practitioners, but also potentially useful as an introduction to many of the most basic problems of contemporary epistemology." Choice, December 2003

“This book is both a livelv debate between two top epistemologists and a recapitulation of the main lines of the debate about epistemic justification over the last few decades. This makes it at once appropriate for undergraduate courses in epistemology as well as for graduate seminars. This debate is … always rewarding.” Review of Metaphysics

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