Artificial Intelligence: A Philosophical Introduction
December 1993, Wiley-Blackwell
There are clear introductions to connectionism and to the language of thought hypothesis which weave together material from philosophy, artificial intelligence and neuroscience. John Searle's attacks on AI and cognitive science are countered and close attention is given to foundational issues, including the nature of computation, Turing Machines, the Church-Turing Thesis and the difference between classical symbol processing and parallel distributed processing. The book also explores the possibility of machines having free will and consciousness and concludes with a discussion of in what sense the human brain may be a computer.
1. The beginnings of Artificial Intelligence; a historical sketch.
2. Some dazzling exhibits.
3. Can a machine think?.
4. The symbol system hypothesis.
5. A hard look at the facts.
6. The curious case of the Chinese Room.
9. Are we computers?.
10. AI's fresh start: parallel distributed processing.