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The Social Psychology of Stereotyping and Group Life

Russell Spears (Editor), Penelope J. Oakes (Editor), Naomi Ellemers (Editor), S. Alexander Haslam (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-631-19772-0
436 pages
January 1997, Wiley-Blackwell
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Description

Stereotyping - the process of perceiving and reacting to people in terms of their group membership - is a widespread phenomenon, and one of the most widely investigated topics in social psychology. This new book is about the causes and consequences of stereotyping. It begins from the premise that, in order to understand the nature and function of stereotyping, it is essential to understand its role in, and relationship to, the activities of social groups. In so doing, it provides an alternative to more cognitive approaches that regard stereotyping primarily as a bias produced by the limits of individual information processing.

The contributors debate and challenge a range of traditional beliefs about stereotyping by exploring its social functions in intergroup contexts. They also tackle a range of thorny problems in sterotyping and related literatures: including the question of sterotype accuracy, why stereotypes develop and are widely shared, and how stereotypes and sterotyping impact upon people's self-esteem and self-definition. In short, this book examines how stereotypes are structured by social identities and the relations between groups.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements.

List of Contributors.

1. Introduction: The Social Psychology of Stereotyping and Group Life. Russell Spears, Penelope J. Oakes, Naomi Ellemers and S. Alexander Haslam.

2. Stereotypes as Explanations: A Subjective Essentialistic View of Group Perception. Vincent Yzerbyt, Steve Rocher and Georges Schadron.

3. Asking the Accuracy Question: Is Measurement the Answer?. Penelope J. Oakes and Katherine J. Reynolds.

4. Changing the Stereotype of the Stereotype. Stephen Worcel and Hank Rothgerber.

5. Stereotype Construction as a Strategy of Influence. Stephen Reicher, Nick Hopkins and Susan Condor.

6. Stereotyping and Social Influence: Foundations of Stereotype Consensus. S. Alemxander Haslam.

7. Stereotype Formation: Beyond Illusionary Correlation. Craig McGarty and Anne-Marie de la Haye.

8. Stereotyping and the Burden of Cognitive Load. Russell Spears and S. Alexander Haslam.

9. Stereotyping in Social Context. Naomi Ellemers and Ad van Knippenberg.

10. Categorization, Recategorization and Common Ingroup Identity. Phyllis Anatasio, Betty Bachman, Samuel Gaertner and John Dovidio.

11. Stereotyping under Threat: The Role of Group Identification. Bertjan Doosje and Naomi Ellemers.

12. Interdependence, Social Identity and Discrimination. Richrad Y. Bourhis, John C. Turner and Andre Gagnon. 13. The Self-esteem Hypothesis Revisited: Differentiation and the Disaffected. Karen Long and Russell Spears.

14. Self and Group in Modern Society: Ten Theses on the Individual Self and the Collective Self. Bernd Simon.

15. Commentary: Individual, Group and System Levels of Aanlysis and their Relevance for Stereotyping and Intergroup Relations. Charles Stangor and John T. Jost.

References.

Author Index.

Subject Index.

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Author Information

Russell Spears is Professor of Psychology at the University of Amsterdam. Penelope J. Oakes is a Senior Lecturer in psychology at the Australian National University. Naomi Ellemers is a Lecturer at the Free University of Amsterdam. S. Alexander Haslam is a Lecturer at the Australian National University.
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Reviews

"... it is a 'must read' for all who are looking for an up-to-date and in-depth analysis of social stereotypes and stereotyping." Thomas Eckes, Bergische University, Germany

"This is a volume that should be read-and definetly will be talked about-by all researches interested in stereotyping and intergroup relations. The research and theoretical developments presented demand a profound reassessment, their social consequences, and the ideological functions served. This excellent collection of chapters represents a major leap forward in our understanding of stereotyping processes from an intergroup perspective." Professor Nyla R. Branscombe, University of Kansas

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