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A Companion to the American Revolution

Jack P. Greene (Editor), J. R. Pole (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-631-21058-0
796 pages
April 2000, Wiley-Blackwell
A Companion to the American Revolution (063121058X) cover image

A Companion to the American Revolution is a single guide to the themes, events, and concepts of this major turning point in early American history. Containing coverage before, during, and after the war, as well as the effect of the revolution on a global scale, this major reference to the period is ideal for any student, scholar, or general reader seeking a complete reference to the field.


  • Contains 90 articles in all, including guides to further reading and a detailed chronological table.
  • Explains all aspects of the revolution before, during, and after the war.
  • Discusses the status and experiences of women, Native Americans, and African Americans, and aspects of social and daily life during this period.
  • Describes the effects of the revolution abroad.
  • Provides complete coverage of military history, including the home front.
  • Concludes with a section on concepts to put the morality of early America in today’s context.
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List Of Maps And Map Acknowledgements.

List Of Contributors.

Introduction. .

Part I: Context.

1. The Structure Of British Politics In The Mid-Eighteenth Century (W. A. Speck).

2. Metropolitan Administration Of The Colonies, 1696–1775 (Ian K. Steele).

3. Intraimperial Communications, 1689–1775 (Richard R. Johnson).

4. The Changing Socio-Economic And Strategic Importance Of The Colonies To The Empire (Alison G. Olson).

5. The Political Development Of The Colonies After The Glorious Revolution (Alan Tully).

6. Population And Family In Early America (Robert V. Wells).

7. Socio-Economic Development Of The Colonies (Edwin J. Perkins).

8. Religion Before The Revolution (Edwin S. Gaustad).

9. The Cultural Development Of The Colonies (Michal J. Rozbicki).

10. The Emergence Of Civic Culture In The Colonies To About 1770 (David Shields).

11. Ideological Background (Isaac Kramnick).

12. The Amerindian Population In 1763 (Eric Hinderaker).

Part II: Themes And Events, To 1776.

13. The Origins Of The New Colonial Policy, 1748–1763 (Jack P. Greene).

14. The Seven Years’ War (Thomas L. Purvis).

15. The Grenville Program, 1763–1765 (Peter D. G. Thomas).

16. The Stamp Act Crisis And Its Repercussions, Including The Quartering Act Controversy (Peter D. G. Thomas).

17. The Townshend Acts Crisis, 1767–1770 (Robert J. Chaffin).

18. The British Army In America, Before 1775 (Douglas Edward Leach).

19. The West And The Amerindians, 1756–1776 (Peter Marshall).

20. Trade Legislation And Its Enforcement, 1748–1776 (R. C. Simmons).

21. Ongoing Disputes Over The Prerogative, 1763–1776 (Jack P. Greene).

22. Bishops And Other Ecclesiastical Issues, To 1776 (Frederick V. Mills, Sr).

23. Social Protest And The Revolutionary Movement, 1765–1775Edward Countryman.

24. The Tea Crisis And Its Consequences, Through 1775 (David L. Ammerman).

25. The Crisis Of Independence (David L. Ammerman).

26. Development Of A Revolutionary Organization (David W. Conroy).

27. Political Mobilization, 1765–1776 (Rebecca Starr).

28. Identity And Independence (Jack P. Greene).

29. Loyalism And Neutrality (Robert M. Calhoon).

30. Opposition In Britain (Colin Bonwick).

31. Common Sense (Jack Fruchtman, Jr).

32. The Declaration Of Independence (Ronald Hamowy).

Part III: Themes And Events, From 1776.

33. Bills Of Rights And The First Ten Amendments To The Constitution (Robert A. Rutland).

34. State Constitution-Making, Through 1781 (Donald S. Lutz).

35. The Articles Of Confederation, 1775–1783 (Jack N. Rakove).

36. The War For Independence, To Saratoga (Don Higginbotham).

37. The War For Independence, After Saratoga (Don Higginbotham).

38. The Continental Army (Holly A. Mayer).

39. The Militia, Guerrilla Warfare, Tactics, And Weaponry (Mark V. Kwasny).

40. Naval Operations (Clark Reynolds).

41. The United States Navy (James C. Bradford).

42. The Home Front During The War For Independence (Michael V. Kennedy).

43. Resistance To The American Revolution (Michael A. Mcdonnell).

44. Diplomacy Of The Revolution, To 1783 (Jonathan R. Dull).

45. Confederation: State Governments And Their Problems (Edward Countryman).

46. The West: Territory, States, And Confederation (Peter S. Onuf).

47. Demobilization And National Defense (E. Wayne Carp).

48. Currency, Taxation, And Finance, 1775–1787 (Robert A. Becker).

49. Foreign Relations, After 1783 (Jonathan R. Dull).

50. Slavery And Anti-Slavery (Sylvia R. Frey).

51. Indians And The New Republic (James H. Merrell).

52. The Impact Of The Revolution On The Role, Status, And Experience Of Women (Betty Wood).

53. The Impact Of The Revolution On Education (Melvin Yazawa).

54. The Impact Of The Revolution On Social Problems: Poverty, Insanity, And Crime (Melvin Yazawa).

55. The Impact Of The Revolution On Church And State (Robert M. Calhoon).

56. Law: Continuity And Reform (J. R. Pole).

57. Confederation: Movement For A Stronger Union (Mark D. Kaplanoff).

58. The Federal Convention And The Constitution (Mark D. Kaplanoff).

59. The Debate Over Ratification Of The Constitution (Murray Dry).

Part IV: External Effects Of The Revolution.

60. Great Britain In The Aftermath Of The American Revolution (Ian R. Christie).

61. The American Revolution In Canada (Elizabeth Mancke).

62. The American Revolution And Ireland (Maurice J. Bric).

63. The American Revolution And The Sugar Colonies, 1775–1783 (Selwyn H. H. Carrington).

64. The Effects Of The American Revolution On France And Its Empire (David P. Geggus).

65. The Impact Of The American Revolution On Spain And Portugal And Their Empires (Kenneth Maxwell).

66. The Influence Of The American Revolution In The Netherlands (Jan Willem Schulte Nordholt And Wim Klooster).

67. The Influence Of The American Revolution In Germany (Horst Dippel).

68. The Influence Of The American Revolution In Russia (Hans Rogger).

Part V: Internal Developments After The Revolution.

69. Economic And Demographic Effects Of The Revolution (Mary M. Schweitzer).

70. The Religious Consequences Of The Revolution (Robert M. Calhoon).

71. The Cultural Effects Of The Revolution (Norman S. Grabo).

72. The Effects Of The Revolution On Language (John Algeo).

73. Medicine Before And After The Revolution (Mary E. Fissell).

74. The Construction Of Gender In A Republican World (Ruth H. Bloch).

75. The Construction Of Race In Republican America (James Sidbury).

76. The Construction Of Social Status In Revolutionary America (Christine Daniels).

Part VI: Concepts.

77. Liberty (Elise Marienstras).

78. Equality (J. R. Pole.).

79. Property (Alan Freeman And Elizabeth Mensch).

80. The Rule Of Law (John P. Reid).

81. Consent: (Donald S. Lutz.).

82. Happiness: (Jan Lewis).

83. Suffrage And Representation (Rosemarie Zagarri).

84. Republicanism (Robert E. Shalhope).

85. Sovereignty (Peter S. Onuf).

86. Nationality And Citizenship (Elise Marienstras).

87. The Separation Of Powers (Maurice J. C. Viles).

88. Rights (Michael Zuckert).

89. Virtue (James T. Kloppenberg).

90. Interests (Cathy Matson).

Chronology compiled by Steven J. Sarson.

Index.

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Jack P. Greene is Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities at Johns Hopkins University and the author and editor of many books and articles on early modern colonial British America and the American Revolution. Among his recent books are Imperatives, Behaviors, and Identities: Essays in Early American Cultural History (1992), Negotiated Authorities: Essays in Colonial Political and Constitutional History (1994), Understanding the American Revolution: Issues and Actors (1995), and Interpreting Early America: Historiographical Essays (1996).

J. R. Pole is Rhodes Professor Emeritus of American History and Institutions, St. Catherine’s College, Oxford, and a Fellow of the British Academy. His books include Political Representation in England and the Origins of the American Republic (1966), The Pursuit of Equality in American History (1978, second edition 1993), Paths to the American Past (1979), The Gift of Government: Political Responsibility from the English Restoration to American Independence (1983), and The American Constitution: For and Against (ed., 1987).

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  • Contains 90 articles in all, including guides to further reading and a detailed chronological table.
  • Explains all aspects of the revolution before, during, and after the war.
  • Discusses the status and experiences of women, Native Americans, and African Americans, and aspects of social and daily life during this period.
  • Describes the effects of the revolution abroad.
  • Provides complete coverage of military history, including the home front.
  • Concludes with a section on concepts to put the morality of early America in today’s context.
See More
"Professors Greene and Pole have succeeded in gathering a star-studded cast of scholars to interpret and analyze the American Revolution. General readers as well as teachers will find this volume of inestimable value." Joyce Appleby, University of California at Los Angeles <!--end-->


"This immensely helpful guide will be useful for seasoned students of the revolution as well as beginners. Brief bibliographies give quick access to the best current work; the essays provide relevant factual material; and the reader gets the informed judgment of an expert." Richard Lyman Bushman, Columbia University

"The cumulative effect of the contributions is to leave the reader with no doubt of the importance of the American Revolution, not just to the history of the United States and North America, but to the whole Atlantic world and beyond." History

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