Typical and Atypical Development: From Conception to Adolescence
December 2002, ©2002, Wiley-Blackwell
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From Childhood to Adolescence.
Concepts of Normality and Abnormality.
Age- and Stage-Related Tasks.
Crises of Development.
The Developmental History.
Part I: Typical Development:.
Where the Journey Begins.
The Intrauterine Stages and Perinatal Period.
1. The First Steps:.
Conception: The Beginning of Life.
Genetic Variation and Influence.
The Human Genome Project.
Similarities and Differences in Individuals and Groups.
Progress from Conception to Birth.
Summary of Prenatal Developments.
2. The Perinatal Period :.
Anticipation of the Birth.
Fads and Fashions.
The Birth: Labour and Delivery.
The Mother and Postnatal Infant Care.
Maternal Bonding Theory.
Bonding to the Unborn Baby.
The Competent Infant.
Representational Models of the Infant.
Part II: Typical Development:.
The First Relationship.
The Development of Sociability.
Crying And Smiling as Social Communication.
The Nature of Attachment.
Internal Representations and Selfhood.
Development of Self--other Awareness.
3. Early Childhood: The Pre-School Stage:.
Infant Growth and Development.
The Nervous System.
The Brain Growth Spurt.
The Brain and Communication.
Biological Basis of Personality.
4. Perceptual, Motor and Language Development:.
Vision and Fine Movement.
The Proactive Brain.
Speech and Language Development.
Part III: Typical Development:.
Adaptation and Learning.
Adjustment and Adaptation.
The Family Environment.
Maternal Privation and Deprivation.
The Father's Role.
Models of Learning.
The Adaptive Role of Fear.
5. Early Childhood: The Pre-School Stage: Socialization and Cognitive Development.
Socialization and Self-Control.
Learning and Identification: Social and Moral Awareness.
The Development of Aggressive Behaviour.
Sex-Role (Gender) Identity.
Theory of Mind.
6. Middle and Late Childhood:The School-Going Child:.
Developing a New Individuality.
Rules and Values.
Expectations of Parents.
Social Skills and Friendships.
Siblings: The Longest Lasting Relationship.
7. Adolescence: Leaving Childhood Behind:.
The Changes of Puberty.
The End of Childhood.
Identity and Self-Image.
The Ending of Puberty.
Part IV: Atypical Development: The Hazardous Route:.
Issues Of Assessment, Definition and Measurement.
The Journey Begins Again: Prenatal Influences.
Genetic Influences: Inherited Abnormalities.
Patterns of Genetic Transmission.
Prenatal, Antenatal and Neonatal Screening.
8. The Perilous First Journey: The Inhospitable Environment:.
Maternal Stress and Inherited Abnormalities.
9. The Hazardous Perinatal Period: The Atypical Route:.
The Apgar Test.
Parental Attachment to Atypical Infants.
10. Early Childhood: Atypical Physical, Sensory and Motor Development:.
Physical Disorders and Disabilities.
Congenital Physical Anomalies.
Abnormalities of Haemoglobin.
Impairments of Vision.
Impairments of Hearing.
Impairments of Speech and Language.
Executive Functions of the Brain.
Tics and Tourette's Syndrome.
11. The Pre-School Child: Atypical Behavior:.
The Authoritative Parent.
Assertive/Commanding Behaviour in Young Children.
Adverse Temperamental Attributes.
The ‘Difficult' Child.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder.
Developmental (Physical) Task Problems.
12. The School-Going Child: Atypical Behavior.
Insecurity Based Problems.
Reactive Attention Disorder.
Peer Group Problems.
Social Skills Problems.
Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity at School.
Severe (Profound) Learning Disabilities.
Specific Learning Disabilities.
Part V: Atypical Development: Mental Health and Mental Illness:.
Positive Mental Health.
13. Adolescence: Unsocial and Antisocial Behavior:.
Risky Sexual Activity.
Drug Use and Abuse.
Antisocial Behaviour: Conduct Disorders.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
14. Psychological and Psychiatric Disorders:.
Mental Health Problems.
Depression (Affective Disorder).
Part VI: Atypical Development: Children with Special Needs:.
The Child Who is Ill.
15. Pervasive Developmental Difficulties: Early to Late Childhood and Adolescence.
Intellectual (Learning) Disability.
Classification of Intellectual Impairment.
Pervasive Developmental Disorders.
The Autistic Continuum.
16. When a Child is Ill:.
Implications of Acute and Chronic Illness.
Serious Illness (Hospitalization).
Development of The Concept of Death.
17. Child Abuse and Maltreatment:.
Child Sexual Abuse.
Appendix I: False and True Beliefs.
Appendix II: Measurement of Intelligence.
References and Bibliography.