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Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics, 4th Edition

ISBN: 978-0-632-05759-7
488 pages
April 2007, Wiley-Blackwell
Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics, 4th Edition (0632057599) cover image
Widely regarded as the most authoritative and comprehensive book in its field, the fourth edition of Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics includes new and substantially updated chapters to this highly praised text.
  • Extensively updated throughout, this new edition contains substantially expanded chapters on poroelasticity, wave propogation, and subsurface stresses
  • Features entirely new chapters on rock fractures and micromechanical models of rock behaviour
  • Discusses fundamental concepts such as stress and strain
  • Offers a thorough introduction to the subject before expertly delving into a fundamental, self-contained discussion of specific topics
  • Unavailable for many years, now back by popular demand.

 

An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at HigherEducation@wiley.com for more information.

Reviews:

“With this attention to detail, and rigorous adherence to clarity and exactness in description, this edition will consolidate the standing achieved by the earlier editions as a most authoritative and comprehensive book in its field. It will continue to serve as a leading reference work for geoscientists interested in structural geology, tectonics and petrophysics as well as for civil, mining and petroleum engineers.” (Petroleum Geoscience)

"...I consider this book to be an invaluable reference for studying and understanding the fundamental science at the base of rock mechanics. I believe this to be a must-have textbook and I strongly recommend it to anyone, student or professional, interested in the subject." (Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering)

"An excellent book, very well presented, and is a must for the shelves of serious engineers and scientists active or interested in the fields of rock mechanics and rock engineering.... Highly recommended." (South African Geographical Journal, 2008)

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1. Rock as a Material.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Joints and faults.

1.3 Rock-forming minerals.

1.4 The fabric of rocks.

1.5 The mechanical nature of rock.

2. Analysis of Stress and Strain.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Definition of traction and stress.

2.3 Analysis of stress in two dimensions.

2.4 Graphical representations of stress in two dimensions.

2.5 Stresses in three dimensions.

2.6 Stress transformations in three dimensions.

2.7 Mohr’s representation of stress in three dimensions.

2.8 Stress invariants and stress deviation.

2.9 Displacement and strain.

2.10 Infinitesimal strain in two dimensions.

2.11 Infinitesimal strain in three dimensions.

2.12 Determination of principle stresses or strains from measurements.

2.13 Compatibility equations.

2.14 Stress and strain in polar and cylindrical coordinates.

2.15 Finite strain.

3. Friction on Rock Surfaces.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Amonton’s law.

3.3 Friction on rock surfaces.

3.4 Stick-slip oscillations.

3.5 Sliding on a plane of weakness.

3.6 Effects of time and velocity.

4. Deformation and Failure of Rock.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 The stress-strain curve.

4.3 Effects of confining stress and temperature.

4.4 Types of fracture.

4.5 Coulomb failure criterion.

4.6 Mohr’s hypothesis.

4.7 Effects of pore fluids.

4.8 Failure under true-triaxial conditions.

4.9 The effect of anisotropy on strength.

5. Linear Elasticity.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Stress-strain relations for an isotropic linear elastic solid.

5.3 Special cases.

5.4 Hooke’s law in terms of deviatoric stresses and strains.

5.5 Equations of stress equilibrium.

5.6 Equations of stress equilibrium in cylindrical and spherical coordinates.

5.7 Airy stress functions.

5.8 Elastic strain energy and related principles.

5.9 Uniqueness theorem for elasticity problems.

5.10 Stress-strain relations for anisotropic materials.

6. Laboratory Testing of Rocks.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Hydrostatic tests.

6.3 Uniaxial compression.

6.4 Triaxial tests.

6.5 Stability and stiff testing machines.

6.6 True-triaxial tests.

6.7 Diametral compression of cylinders.

6.8 Torsion of circular cylinders.

6.9 Bending tests.

6.10 Hollow cylinders.

7. Poroelasticity and Thermoelasticity.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Hydrostatic poroelasticity.

7.3 Undrained compression.

7.4 Constitutive equations of poroelasticity.

7.5 Equations of stress equilibrium and fluid flow.

7.6 One-dimensional consolidation.

7.7 Applications of poroelasticity.

7.8 Thermoelasticity.

8. Stresses around Cavities and Excavations.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Complex variable method for two-dimensional elasticity problems.

8.3 Homogeneous state of stress.

8.4 Pressurised hollow cylinder.

8.5 Circular hole in a rock mass with given far-field principal stresses.

8.6 Stresses applied to a circular hole in an infinite rock mass.

8.7 Stresses applied to the surface of a solid cylinder.

8.8 Inclusions in an infinite region.

8.9 Elliptical hole in an infinite rock mass.

8.10 Stresses near a crack tip.

8.11 Nearly rectangular hole.

8.12 Spherical cavities.

8.13 Penny-shaped cracks.

8.14 Interactions between nearby cavities.

9. Inelastic Behavior.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Plasticity and yield.

9.3 Elastic-plastic hollow cylinder.

9.4 Circular hole in an elastic-brittle-plastic rock mass.

9.5 Perfectly plastic behavior.

9.6 Flow between flat surfaces.

9.7 Flow rules and hardening.

9.8 Creep.

9.9 Simple rheological models.

9.10 Theory of viscoelasticity.

9.11 Some simple viscoelastic problems.

10. Micromechanical Models.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Effective moduli of heterogeneous rocks.

10.3 Effect of pores on compressibility.

10.4 Crack closure and elastic nonlinearity.

10.5 Effective medium theories.

10.6 Sliding crack friction and hysteresis.

10.7 Griffith cracks and the Griffith locus.

10.8 Griffith theory of failure.

10.9 Linear elastic fracture mechanics.

11. Wave Propagation in Rocks.

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 One-dimensional elastic wave propagation.

11.3 Harmonic waves and group velocity.

11.4 Elastic waves in unbounded media.

11.5 Reflection and refraction of waves at an interface.

11.6 Surface and interface waves.

11.7 Transient waves.

11.8 Effects of fluid saturation.

11.9 Attenuation.

11.10 Inelastic waves.

12. Hydromechanical Behavior of Fractures.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Geometry of rock fractures.

12.3 Normal stiffness of rock fractures.

12.4 Behaviour of rock fractures under shear.

12.5 Hydraulic transmissivity of rock fractures.

12.6 Coupled hydro-mechanical behavior.

12.7 Seismic response of rock fractures.

12.8 Fractured rock masses.

13. State of Stress Underground.

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 Simple models for the state of stress in the subsurface.

13.3 Measured values of subsurface stresses.

13.4 Surface loads on a half-space: two-dimensional theory.

13.5 Surface loads on a half-space: three-dimensional theory.

13.6 Hydraulic fracturing.

13.7 Other stress measurement methods.

14. Geological Applications.

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Stresses and faulting.

14.3 Overthrust faulting and sliding under gravity.

14.4 Stresses around faults.

14.5 Mechanics of intrusion.

14.6 Beam models for crustal folding.

14.7 Earthquake mechanics.

References

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John Conrad Jaeger received a first-class honours degree in mathematics and physics from the University of Sydney, was Wrangler (class I) in the Mathematical Tripos at Cambridge, and received a DSc in applied mathematics from the University of Sydney. He was a professor at the University of Tasmania and the Australian National University. He was the author of several monographs in applied mathematics, including, with H. S. Carslaw, Conduction of Heat in Solids, and was a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science and the Royal Society.


Neville G. W. Cook received a BS and PhD in geophysics from the University of Witwatersrand. He was the founder and first director of the Mining Research Laboratory of the South African Chamber of Mines, and in 1971 he received the Gold Medal of the Scientific and Technical Societies, the highest scientific award in South Africa. He was Donald H. McLaughlin Chair in Mineral Engineering at the University of California at Berkeley, and was a member of the U. S. National Academy of Engineering.

Robert Zimmerman received BS and MS degrees from Columbia University, and a PhD from the University of California at Berkeley. He has been a staff scientist in the Earth Sciences Division of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and Reader in Rock Mechanics at Imperial College, London. He is currently Professor of Engineering Geology at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, and co-editor of the International Journal of Rock Mechanics. He is also the author of the monograph Compressibility of Sandstones.

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  • Extensively updated throughout, this new edition contains substantially expanded chapters on poroelasticity, wave propogation, and subsurface stresses
  • Features entirely new chapters on rock fractures and micromechanical models of rock behaviour
  • Discusses fundamental concepts such as stress and strain
  • Offers a thorough introduction to the subject before expertly delving into a fundamental, self-contained discussion of specific topics
  • Unavailable for many years, now back by popular demand.
See More
"An excellent book, very well presented, and is a must for the shelves of serious engineers and scientists active or interested in the fields of rock mechanics and rock engineering.... Highly recommended." (South African Geographical Journal, 2008)

"...I consider this book to be an invaluable reference for studying and understanding the fundamental science at the base of rock mechanics. I believe this to be a must-have textbook and I strongly recommend it to anyone, student or professional, interested in the subject." (Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering)

"Previous editions of this seminal book have provided students, researchers and practitioners the world over with the rock mechanics basics for engineering applications. In this 4th edition, Professor Zimmerman, a world expert in the field, has now updated the content in line with modern thinking, while retaining vital emphasis on the fundamentals of the subject. I strongly recommend this book to anyone studying, researching or using rock mechanics: the book is invaluable, both as a learning tool and as a reference source for the underpinning fundamental science."
John A Hudson, Emeritus Professor, Imperial College, and President (2007-2011), International Society for Rock Mechanics

"The bible of rock mechanics has been updated with several new chapters on topics that were in their infancy at the time of the last edition of this book. My favorite update is Zimmerman's skillful presentation of the hydro-mechanical and seismic properties of fractures. There is no other comparable presentation of this broad range of material with such mathematical depth and rock mechanics foundations. The reference list is priceless. I consider this a must-have textbook for serious student and expert alike in the area of fractured rock."
Laura Pyrak-Nolte, Purdue University, Indiana, USA.

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