Democracy without Enemies
August 1998, Polity
These questions are the focus of Ulrich Beck's Democracy without Enemies. The conflict of the future, he argues, will no longer be between East and West, between communism and capitalism, but between the countries, regions and groups involved in primary modernization and those that are attempting to relativize and reform the project of modernity self-critically, based on their experience of it. The conflict of the future will be between the two modernities which will battle over the compatibility of survival and human rights for all citizens of the earth.
2. What Comes After Postmodernity: The Conflict of Two Modernities.
3. The Withering Away of Solidarity: Places without Community and Communities without Places.
4. Perspectives on a Cultural Evolution of Work.
5. Capitalism without Work, or the Coming of Civil Society.
6. The Democratization of the Family, or the Unknown Art of Free Association.
7. Misunderstanding Reflexivity: the Controversy on Reflexive Modernization.
8. The Renaissance of Politics in Reflexive Modernity: Politicians Must Make a Response.
9. The Open City: Architecture in Reflexive Modernity.
10. How Neighbours Become Jews: the Political Construction of the Stranger in the Age of Reflexive Modernity.
11. Nation-States without Enemies: the Military and Democracy after the End of the Cold War.
12. Brief Introduction to Environmental Machiavellianism: Green Democracy from Below.
13. Freedom or Survival: the Utopia of Self-Limitation.
* Beck advances a major new theoretical interpretation of the nature of the democratic state.
* Looks at a key question: whether democracy has always depended on having enemies who are 'non-democratic'.
"The state without enemies is a step already on the way to the global risk society of what Beck calls our "second modernity". This book has raised - among scholars and politicians - considerable controversy in Germany, and will no doubt do so in the English-speaking world." Scott Lash, Lancaster University