A History of Rape: Sexual Violence in France from the 16th to the 20th Century
January 2001, Polity
The book begins with a history of the relative tolerance of sexual violence in early modern France, and the tendency to condemn the victims by enveloping them in the shame of the act. It then traces the changing legal attitudes to sexual violence at the end of the eighteenth century, and the slow recognition of the role of moral violence in rape in the nineteenth century. Vigarello also stresses the importance of the new medical jurisprudence and the introduction of forensic psychiatry into the courtroom.
But despite the increased number of convictions in the nineteenth century, it was only after the campaigns conducted by feminists in the twentieth century that the true gravity of rape as a crime against women's integrity was fully recognized. As a result, acts of sexual violence are no longer assessed in terms of the risk of debauchery, but in terms of the risk of 'psychic murder' and inner damage.
A History of Rape is a valuable resource for students and scholars of social history, and anyone interested in changing attitudes to sexuality and sexual violence
Part One: The Ancien RUgime, Violence And Blasphemy.
Chapter 1: A Violence Like Any Other?.
Chapter 2: The Degradation That Concealed Violence.
Chapter 3: The Absence Of The Subject That Concealed Violence.
Part Two: The Revision And Relative Impotence Of The Code.
Chapter 1: Public Opinion, The 'Libertine' And The Victim At The End Of The Eighteenth Century.
Chapter 2: The Emergence Of Child Rape.
Chapter 3: Revolution Through The Codes.
Part Three: Modern Law And The Range Of Acts.
Chapter 1: A New Curiosity At The Beginning Of The Nineteenth Century.
Chapter 2: Defining Affront And Assault.
Chapter 3: Recognizing 'Moral Violence'.
Chapter 4: An 'Increase' In Rape And A 'Decrease' In Violence?.
Part Four: Inventing The Rapist.
Chapter 1: Rape-murder At The End Of The Nineteenth Century.
Chapter 2: Investigating The Rapist.
Chapter 3: Deviance And Marginals.
Chapter 4: The Beginnings Of A Psychology.
Part 5: The Moral Debate: Rape And Society Today.
Chapter 1: From Trying Rapists To Trying Rape.
Chapter 2 The Collapse Of The Old Order.
Chapter 3; At Risk From The Law: Condemnation And Treatment.
Medical Sociology News
"Littered with interesting insights."
Times Literary Supplement
"Georges Vigarello has written a fascinating sensitive and nonsensational history of rape and sexual violence in France over the course of the last five centuries ... this English translation is a welcome edition for all scholars interested in what society, the courts, the law, and culture considered as rape or sexual violence ... Vigarello is to be highly commended for undertaking this difficult research and for producing an importnant work on the subject."
American Historical Review
"An excellent survey of the evolution of popular, learned, and juridical attitudes toward rape, this work is suitable for students as well as scholars."
A History of Rape: Sexual Violence in France from the 16th to the 20th Century (US $79.95)
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