A Cultural History of Climate
December 2009, Polity
In this major new book Wolfgang Behringer introduces us to the latest historical research on the development of the earth's climate. He focuses above all on the cultural reactions to climate change through the ages, showing how even minor changes in the climate sometimes resulted in major social, political and religious upheavals. By examining how our predecessors responded to climate changes, Behringer provides us with a fresh basis for thinking about how we might address the serious climatic challenges we face today.
1. What Do We Know about the Climate?
Sources of Climate History.
Causes of Climate Change.
The Palaeoclimate since the Formation of the Planet.
2. Global Warming: The Holocene.
Children of the Ice Age.
Global Warming and Civilization.
From Roman Optimum to Medieval Warm Period.
3. Global Cooling: The Little Ice Age.
The Concept of the Little Ice Age.
The Changing Environment.
Dance of Death.
4. Cultural Consequences of the Little Ice Age.
The Wrathful God.
Sin Economics as the Motor of Change.
The Cool Sun of Reason.
5. Global Warming: The Modern Warm Period.
Apparent Uncoupling from the Forces of Nature.
The Discovery of Global Warming.
Reactions to Climate Change.
6. Sins against the Environment and Greenhouse Climate.
"[E]xcellent ... I strongly recommend A Cultural History of Climate ... It is particularly strong on explaining the dramatic cultural and social changes that climate variations have had on humanity over the last thousands of years, and discussing the archival and physical evidence in a very compelling way."
"A daring account of the ways in which climate has influenced the human story ... he proves beyond any sensible doubt that climate has helped shape human history. BOOK OF THE MONTH."
"Behringer's cultural history of climate shows that today's concern with global warming is only the latest example of humankind's preoccupation with weather and climate. He provides a careful and realistic view of the reaction of societies to environmental change."
J. Donald Hughes, University of Denver
"Today we may worry about global warming and climate change, but our ancestors coped with plenty of dramatic climate change too – this is the central theme of Behringer's arresting global study of human responses to changing climate since our species appeared on earth. Not all readers will share his sanguine tone but they will find this extensively researched book consistently provocative and insightful, whether it's dealing with wine harvest data, adoption of heavier clothing, the great ice age or the Dutch genre of winter landscape painting."
Peter Coates, University of Bristol